Relformaiké Dictionary:Morpheme lexicon

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This is a semantically generated lexicon of all base roots and affixes documented in the constructed language, Relformaiké. Roots and affixes are sourced à posteriori, unless indicated otherwise with empty cells (in the case of compound affixes, and à priori roots/affixes).

Due to database delays and occasional updates to the {{Morpheme}} table code, several of them may be missing from time to time. Compound roots are not included here.

To search for a word or root/affix, use your browser's "Find" feature. (This is not available on iOS Safari.)

For an alternate layout, see /List.

Roots

Core Base

A–Ch

Root Table IPA Source language(s) Meaning Gloss abbr.
ábil Roots/ábil aː.bɪl English able to
can
ability
potential
ach Roots/ach atʃ Ido
Italian
pejorative marker
expletive marker
wretch
slob
jerk
scum
nuts
hogwash
baloney
phooey
trash
worthless
low-life
PEJ
ad Roots/ad æd Latin at
to
LOC
DAT
adal Roots/adal æ.daːl Manchu equal
equal sign
identical to
the same as
identical case marker
IDT
aguad Roots/aguad æ.gwad Spanish water
watery
wet (with water)
águil Roots/águil aː.gwɪl Spanish eagle
aibũr Roots/aibũr eɪ.bɜːɹ Latin
Sassarese
tree
aig Roots/aig eɪg
eɪdʒ
Latin act
do
behave
action
deed
favour
aim Roots/aim eɪm French love
aiv Roots/aiv eiːv Latin bird
fowl
álen Roots/álen aː.lɛn Danish
Norwegian
Finnish
borrow
algun Roots/algun al.gun Spanish any
aljib Roots/aljib aːl.dʒɪb Spanish well (of water; of oil)
alkóhol Roots/alkóhol æl.koː.hɒl English alcohol
ethanol
ámel Roots/ámel aː.mɛl Zulu often
oftentimes
occasional
occasionally
frequently
frequentative marker
FREQ
amit Roots/amit æ.mɪt French
Spanish
friend
companion
comrade
buddy
mate
dude
pal
acquaintance
anfel Roots/anfel aːn.fɛl German prone
subject to
liable to
inclined
vulnerable
susceptible
ánimal Roots/ánimal aː.nɪ.məl English animal
beast
living creature
anov Roots/anov æ.nov French
Spanish
year
ansul Roots/ansul an.sul Albanian
Latin
island
áprev Roots/áprev aː.pɹɛv French after
later
following
subsequent
follow
succeed
astrel Roots/astrel æ.stɹɛl Greek star
aud Roots/aud ɔːd English
Latin
hear
listen
aujen Roots/aujen ɔ.dʒɛn Latin silver
ault Roots/ault ɔlt Latin high
tall
above
up
height
altitude
zenith
altessive case marker
ALT
aumbr Roots/aumbr ɔm.bɹ Spanish human
man
woman
child
boy
girl
aunf Roots/aunf ɔnf French child
offspring
progeny
son
daughter
aup Roots/aup aʊp Lithuanian towards
direction
allative case marker
ALL
auran Roots/auran aʊ.ɹaːn Hungarian
Latin
gold
golden
aurek Roots/aurek ɔ.ɹɛk Carib angry
mad
enraged
furious
aggravated
irritated
cross
ticked off
vexed
irate
livid
peeved
protest
dissent
ausin Roots/ausin ɔ.sɪn French also
too
as well
including
in addition
likewise
inclusive case marker
INCL
autem Roots/autem ɔ.təm English
Latin
autumn
fall (season)
auxil Roots/auxil ɔk.sɪl Latin
English
help
assist
assistance
av Roots/av əv
ɑːv
English
French
have (interrogative auxiliary)
have (affirmative auxiliary)
perfect aspect marker
PERF
avig Roots/avig æ.vɪg Greek egg
b Roots/b b English be
exist
báboun Roots/báboun baː.bun English baboon
bályn Roots/bályn baː.liːn French whale
bánul Roots/bánul baː.nul Romanian guess
bauter Roots/bauter bɔ.tɛɹ English butter
bauz Roots/bauz bʌz English bus
autobus
baxel Roots/baxel baːks.ɛl Armenian knock (on)
tap
baz Roots/baz bæz French low
low-lying
below
under
underneath
beneath
deep
depth
bottom
subessive case marker
SUBE
bélam Roots/bélam beɪ.lam Central Kurdish though
in spite
despite that
albeit
ben Roots/ben bɛn French well
in good health
besnel Roots/besnel bɛs.nɛl Czech ordinary
usual
normal
routine
common
commonplace
old hat
same old
bev Roots/bev bɛv Spanish drink
beverage
bishop Roots/bishop bɪ.ʃəp English bishop
blaut Roots/blaut blaʊt Old Norse wet
liquid
blouv Roots/blouv bluv English blue
boabel Roots/boabel bo.bɛl Czech berry
boav Roots/boav boʊv English
Latin
cattle
bovine
bull
cow
heifer
steer
ox
bójal Roots/bójal boː.dʒal Tswana beer
bom Roots/bom bom Danish
Norwegian
Swedish
barrier
obstacle
impediment
wall
fence
roadblock
boundary
limit
restriction
confinement
bosun Roots/bosun bo.sun Taos glass (vessel)
boukl Roots/boukl bu.kl French shield
protect
defend
protection
defense
boul Roots/boul bul French need
must
bream Roots/bream bɹiːm Czech load
burden
weight
weigh
ton
broch Roots/broch bɹotʃ Spanish
Portuguese
brush
brul Roots/brul bɹuːl French burn
blaze
be consumed by fire
flammable
inflammable
hot
flaming
sweltering
brun Roots/brun bɹuːn French brown
budin Roots/budin bu.din Amharic team
group
team up
búrov Roots/búrov buː.ɹov English
Spanish
donkey
bútik Roots/bútik buː.tɪk Ido
French
shop
chaiz Roots/chaiz tʃeɪz French chair
seat
chámez Roots/chámez tʃaː.mɛz Spanish
Portuguese
shirt
chavel Roots/chavel tʃæ.vɛl Romansch hair
chef Roots/chef tʃɛf French chief
primary
principal
main
utmost
head (of an entity)
arch-
top
apex
summit
zenith
heights
chéroub Roots/chéroub tʃeɪ.ɹub English angel
cherub
chimpanz Roots/chimpanz tʃɪm.pænz English chimpanzee
chódek Roots/chódek tʃo.dɛk Hebrew fair
just
justice
chon Roots/chon tʃon Tumbuka cat
chóriv Roots/chóriv tʃo.ɹɪv Greek village
chul Roots/chul tʃul French next
subsequent
chusel Roots/chusel tʃu.sɛl Mandarin (giant) panda
chuz Roots/chuz tʃuːz Romansch cook
bake

D–F

Root Table IPA Source language(s) Meaning Gloss abbr.
daix Roots/daix deɪks Catalan
Galician
Portuguese
allow
permit
admit
accept
allowance
permission
danz Roots/danz dænz English dance
dasen Roots/dasen dæ.sɛn Danish
Norwegian
can
tin
daukter Roots/daukter dɑk.tə English doctor
daustan Roots/daustan dɔs.tæn Croatian
Macedonian
Serbian
enough
débel Roots/débel deɪ.bɛl Macedonian
Slovene
thick
dense
fat
début Roots/début deɪ.buːt English
French
debut
introduction
premiere
deit Roots/deit deɪː.ɪt Istriot day
daytime
dékoar Roots/dékoar deɪ.koʊɹ English decorate
furnish
dẽr Roots/dẽr dɜːɹ French
Spanish
Portuguese
of
belonging to
désol Roots/désol deɪ.sol French sorry
regretful
mournful
apologetic
sorrow
regret
mourn
detz Roots/detz dɛtz Occitan ten
10
dez Roots/dez dɛz French
Spanish
say
díev Roots/díev diː.ɛv French
Spanish
God
Lord
deity
idol
díner Roots/díner diː.nɛɹ Spanish money
cash
currency
reserves
finance
disen Roots/disen dɪ.sɛn Spanish
Catalan
design
plan
doabran Roots/doabran doʊ.bɹæn Scottish Gaelic
Irish
otter
doal Roots/doal doʊl Spanish hurt
injure
damage
injury
pain
doarm Roots/doarm dɔɹm Latin sleep
(be) asleep
doavan Roots/doavan doʊ.væn Latgalian award
reward
prize
trophy
medal
dolch Roots/dolch doltʃ Welsh thank you
thanks
thank
Dómen Roots/Dómen doː.mɛn Latin Lord
don Roots/don don French give
donate
gift
donation
dosel Roots/dosel do.sɛl Latin teach
lecture
dóvest Roots/dóvest doː.vɛst wine
dral Roots/dral dɹæl subject last referred to
said subject
SUB.REF.PRN
drálem Roots/drálem dɹaː.lɛm object last referred to
object last mentioned
OBJ.REF.PRN
dran Roots/dran dɹæn Lojban true
right
correct
truth
draut Roots/draut dɹaʊt English dry
drev Roots/drev dɹɛv Czech wood
droit Roots/droit dɹɔɪt French straight
dũr Roots/dũr djʊəɹ French endure
last (for a time)
during
temporal case marker
TEMP
dusal Roots/dusal du.sæl Mongolian drop
dúzel Roots/dúzel duː.zɛl Russian perfume
fragrance
east Roots/east iːst English east
ékran Roots/ékran eɪ.kɹaːn French screen
monitor
ékuin Roots/ékuin eɪ.kwɪn Latin
English
horse
stallion
stud
filly
colt
elefant Roots/elefant ɛ.lə.fənt English elephant
êlektr Roots/êlektr ɪ.lɛk.tɹ English electricity
electric
electrical
élut Roots/élut aɪ.luːt Tamil letter (of alphabet)
endap Roots/endap ɛn.dap Swahili suppose
theory
hypothesis
if it should happen
supposing (that)
suppose (that)
énuy Roots/énuy eɪ.nuj French bore
épisoad Roots/épisoad eɪ.pɪ.soʊd English episode
installment
ẽrgim Roots/ẽrgim ɜːɹ.gɪm Latin so
therefore
as a result
result
outcome
esan Roots/esan ɛ.sæn Estonian
Finnish
that
esaun Roots/esaun ɛ.sɔn Estonian
Finnish
yon
esel Roots/esel ɛ.sɛl Hungarian maybe
perhaps
possibly
probably
perchance
peradventure
may
might
possibility
probability
potential mood marker
probability mood marker
POT
PROB
esen Roots/esen ɛ.sɛn Estonian
Finnish
thing
object
éshub Roots/éshub eɪ.ʃub Island Carib knife
esíban Roots/esíban ɛ.siː.ban Ojibwe
Cree
raccoon
esin Roots/esin ɛ.sɪn Estonian
Finnish
this
eskel Roots/eskel ɛs.kɛl Turkish
Azeri
dock
pier
wharf
quay
jetty
mooring
moorage
eskol Roots/eskol ɛs.kol Portuguese school
learning institution
eskũr Roots/eskũr ɛs.kɜːɹ Ido squirrel
esper Roots/esper ɛs.pɛəɹ French
Spanish
hope
évit Roots/évit eɪ.vɪt French avoid
evade
dodge
eschew
shun
keep away
stay away
evasion
aversive case marker
EVIT
fabr Roots/fabr fæ.bɹ Latin make
create
produce
fálemal Roots/fálemal faː.lɛ.mæl Samoan hospital
fálev Roots/fálev faː.lɛv Scottish Gaelic abandon
give up
quit
renounce
resign
waive
surrender
bequeath
leave office
yield up
hand down
forsake
leave
abandonment
forsaken
fáloav Roots/fáloav faː.loʊv Samoan bread
fam Roots/fam fam English
Latin
famous
famed
celebrated
well-known
renowned
farmak Roots/farmak faɹ.mæk Greek medicine
prescription drug
fasel Roots/fasel fæ.sɛl English
French
Latin
face
side
surface
front
ahead (of)
in front (of)
fásil Roots/fásil faː.sɪl French easy
simple
fest Roots/fest fɛst English
French
celebrate
celebration
feast
party
festivity
festival
festive
film Roots/film fɪlm English
French
film
movie
motion picture
flick
fim Roots/fim fɪm Portuguese end
finish
conclude
cease
be done
be over
be through
bow out
conclusion
finale
swan song
last bow
over
done
dismissed
terminative case marker
TERM
fir Roots/fir fɜːɹ Friulian out
outside
ablative case marker
ABL
flauv Roots/flauv flaʊv Latin yellow
fleg Roots/fleg flɛg German look after
take care of
nurse
fler Roots/fler flɛɹ Latin cry
weep
sob
shed tears
flũr Roots/flũr flɜːɹ French flower
blossom
bloom
fluy Roots/fluy fluː.j Spanish flow
flux
foab Roots/foab foʊb English
Greek
fear
phobia
fólin Roots/fólin fo.lɪn Latin leaf
forest Roots/forest fɒɹ.ɪst English forest
form Roots/form fɔɹm English form
shape
four Roots/four fuɹ French fur
framzer Roots/framzer fɹam.zɛɹ Romanian
Croatian
Breton
weather
frémin Roots/frémin fɹeɪ.mɪn Norman ant
fried Roots/fried fɹiːd German peace
frod Roots/frod fɹod Dutch early
frol Roots/frol fɹol German happy
joyful
pleasant
exuberant
merry
mirthful
frot Roots/frot fɹoːt Spanish
French
rub
fúlon Roots/fúlon fuː.lon Greek gender
fum Roots/fum fuːm Latin smoke
fúsil Roots/fúsil fuː.sɪl Ido gun
pistol

G–J

Root Table IPA Source language(s) Meaning Gloss abbr.
gafl Roots/gafl gɑf.l Georgian affect
influence
impact
effect
factor
gan Roots/gan gɑːn French
Spanish
win
earn
achieve
accomplish
gleaz Roots/gleaz gliːz Irish order
organise
arrange
adjust
plan out
set in place
set up
arrangement
glev Roots/glev glɛv English glass
gloab Roots/gloab gloʊb English ball
glut Roots/glut gluːt Latin swallow
gulp
consume
devour
take in
ingest
intake
consumption
sinkhole
gópin Roots/gópin goː.pɪn Alekano arrow
góran Roots/góran goː.ɹæn Alekano blood
gore
góril Roots/góril goː.ɹɪl English gorilla
goubel Roots/goubel gu.bɛl North Frisian fork
grad Roots/grad gɹaːd Latin degree
degree sign
gram Roots/gram gɹæm English
French
gram
grand Roots/grand gɹænd French big
grand
large
huge
enormous
jumbo
great (in size)
grav Roots/grav gɹaːv Latin heavy
dense
grov Roots/grov gɹov Dutch dig
excavate
grúfan Roots/grúfan gɹu.fan Scottish Gaelic liver
grulv Roots/grulv gɹuːl.v Faroese crawl
creep
slither
guant Roots/guant gwant Welsh
Cornish
spring
guareg Roots/guareg gwa.ɹɛg Breton bow
guert Roots/guert gwaɪɹt Asturian garden
guld Roots/guld guːld Old Frisian
Dutch
pay
payment
gúlen Roots/gúlen guː.lɛn Mandarin grain
gúlov Roots/gúlov guː.lov Latin wolverine
gust Roots/gust gust Spanish taste
guv Roots/guv guːv Aromanian hole
hollow
pit
ditch
trench
depression
gúzan Roots/gúzan guː.zæn Ladino worm
háben Roots/háben haː.bɛn Latin maintain
uphold
keep up
preserve
upkeep
hábit Roots/hábit haː.bɪt French reside
inhabit
live in
settle
dwell
occupy
haiz Roots/haiz heɪz Spanish do
agree with
han Roots/han hæn Basque there
harf Roots/harf haːɹf Persian
Arabic
character
symbol
glyph
hásen Roots/hásen haː.sɛn Cornish seed
grain
haun Roots/haun hɔn Basque yonder
haurit Roots/haurit haʊ.ɹɪt English hour
hérit Roots/hérit heɪ.ɹɪt English inherit
hild Roots/hild hɪld Old English battle
fight
attack
war
violence
hin Roots/hin hɪn Basque here
híraund Roots/híraund hiː.ɹaʊnd Latin swallow bird
hirt Roots/hirt hɪɹt German herd
flock
hoalm Roots/hoalm hoʊlm Maltese dream
vision
hoasen Roots/hoasen hoʊ.sɛn German
Finnish
(pair of) pants
trousers
hódiz Roots/hódiz hoʊ.diːz Tajik
Uzbek
happen
occur
take place
event
occurrence
happenstance
hóleg Roots/hóleg ho.lɛg Tuvan shadow
shade
hótel Roots/hótel hoː.tɛl English hotel
houlv Roots/houlv huːl.v Ukrainian walk
stroll
húmin Roots/húmin huː.mɪn Latin
English
soil
ground
earth
land
surface
iak Roots/iak ɪ.æk Latin on
lie on
lie upon
superessive case marker
SUPE
íam Roots/íam iː.æm Latin already
id Roots/id iːd Spanish state
quality
condition
qualitative noun suffix
QUAL
ineal Roots/ineal ɪ.nɪəl Scottish Gaelic
Irish
machine
insekt Roots/insekt ɪn.sɛkt English insect
bug
int Roots/int ɪnt Latin in
inessive case marker
INE
inz Roots/inz ɪnz make (something or someone do/be)
cause (something or someone) to do/be
cause (of something)
CAUS
isk Roots/isk ɪsk Basque
Spanish
left
jalan Roots/jalan dʒæ.laːn Indonesian
Malay
way
path
trail
track
course
road
street
jamb Roots/jamb dʒamb French leg
jan Roots/jan dʒæn Sanskrit creature
living being
jásen Roots/jásen dʒaː.sɛn Finnish limb
arm
jaut Roots/jaut dʒaʊt Lithuanian ask
question
inquire
demand
request
query
beg
interrogate
inquiry
jenoul Roots/jenoul dʒɛ.noʊl French knww
Jésuy Roots/Jésuy dʒeɪ.suj English Jesus
Jesus Christ
jían Roots/jían dʒiː.æn Greek so
in order that
in order to
in order for
for
such
jíemp Roots/jíemp dʒiː.ɛmp when
jíen Roots/jíen dʒiː.ɛn who REL.PRSNL.AGT
jíer Roots/jíer dʒiː.ɛɹ what
which
REL.AGT
jírit Roots/jírit dʒiː.ɹɪt Sicilian digit
joal Roots/joal dʒoʊl Hungarian good
jom Roots/jom dʒom Ibibio pregnant
jóroun Roots/jóroun dʒoː.ɹun Korean alga
algae
jouv Roots/jouv dʒuv Spanish young
youth
júhosk Roots/júhosk dʒuː.hosk Estonian random
chance
unpredictable
julam Roots/julam dʒu.lam female
feminine
julem Roots/julem dʒu.lɛm neuter
julg Roots/julg dʒulg Portuguese judge
deem
decide on
judgment
decision
verdict
juloam Roots/juloam dʒu.loʊm unisex
for both genders
julom Roots/julom dʒu.lom male
masculine
júrek Roots/júrek dʒu.ɹɛk Kazakh heart
core
essence
centre (of activity)

K–M

Root Table IPA Source language(s) Meaning Gloss abbr.
kabrit Roots/kabrit kæ.bɹɪt Spanish
Portuguese
goat
billy goat
kid
kadan Roots/kadan kæ.dæn Swahili several
kain Roots/kain keɪn Latin dog
kamil Roots/kamil kæ.məl English
Latin
camel
kanser Roots/kanser kæn.səɹ English
Latin
cancer
kant Roots/kant kænt Spanish
Portuguese
sing
chant
song
kard Roots/kard kaːɹd English card
kart Roots/kart kaːɹt French map
kaulej Roots/kaulej kɒ.lɪdʒ English
French
college
kauler Roots/kauler koʊ.lɛɹ English colour
kaumpan Roots/kaumpan kɔm.pan English company
corporation
kaz Roots/kaz kæz Spanish house
ked Roots/ked kɛd where
képal Roots/képal keɪ.pal Malay
Indonesian
head
ket Roots/ket kɛt French four
4
kévandir Roots/kévandir keɪ.van.dɪɹ Breton continent
landmass
kíemp Roots/kíemp kiː.ɛmp when
kíen Roots/kíen kiː.ɛn who
whom
whose
INT.PRSNL.AGT
kíer Roots/kíer kiː.ɛɹ what
which
INT.AGT
kílog Roots/kílog kiː.log English
French
Ancient Greek
thousand
1000
kimik Roots/kimik kɪ.mɪk Spanish chemistry
chemical
kin Roots/kin kɪn French
Spanish
five
5
kíor Roots/kíor kiː.oɹ Maori rat
klair Roots/klair kleɪɹ English clear
klef Roots/klef klɛf French key
klinik Roots/klinik klɪ.nɪk English clinic
kloaz Roots/kloaz kloʊz English close
shut
kloch Roots/kloch klotʃ Welsh clock
timepiece
kóal Roots/kóal ko.æl English koala
koarn Roots/koarn koʊɹn French horn
komb Roots/komb koʊm(b) English comb
kord Roots/kord koɹd Ido
Spanish
rope
line
cord
string
kóren Roots/kóren ko.ɹɛn Slovene root
kort Roots/kort koːɹt French line
edge
margin
side
coast
kóruz Roots/kóruz koː.ɹuz Slovene corn
maize
kost Roots/kost kost Turkish tie
bind
fetter
chain
shackles
kougel Roots/kougel ku.gɛl Japanese nail
koulibr Roots/koulibr ku.lɪ.bɹ Taino hummingbird
koup Roots/koup kup French cut
shear
snip
kout Roots/kout kuːt French cost
price
kouz Roots/kouz kuz Friulian sew
kóvaud Roots/kóvaud koː.vaʊd why
for what reason
whatever for
wherefore
kówan Roots/kówan koː.wan how
kraiāul Roots/kraiāul kɹeɪ.ɔːl Antillean Creole creole language
krez Roots/krez kɹɛz Latin grow
growth
kríon Roots/kríon kɹiː.on Irish
Scottish Gaelic
wise
smart
Krist Roots/Krist kɹɪst English Christ
kriv Roots/kriv kɹɪv English
French
cry
call (loudly)
shout
krosnel Roots/krosnel kɹos.nɛl Slovene dish
plate
kroy Roots/kroy kɹoj French believe
belief
kruz Roots/kruz kɹuz Spanish
Portuguese
cross
dagger (†)
kuam Roots/kuam kwʌm Latin than
comparative case marker
COMP
kuelaz Roots/kuelaz kwɛ.læz Tommo Sɔ guts
intestines
entrails
kuib Roots/kuib kwɪb Tumbuka steal
rob
theft
burglary
kũrv Roots/kũrv kɜːv Latin curve
bend
arch
arc
l Roots/l l French the ART.DEF
lanz Roots/lanz lanz French
Latin
throw
fling
hurl
catapult
cast off
launch
lapin Roots/lapin la.pɪn French rabbit
bunny
buck
doe
kit
lauf Roots/lauf lɔf German air
lax Roots/lax læks Latin wide
lech Roots/lech lɛtʃ Spanish
Ladino
milk
dairy
leiv Roots/leiv leɪ.ɪv Scottish Gaelic like
equal to
resembling
as
resemble
match
look like
look alike
equivalent
kind
model
make
type
equative case marker
EQU
lẽrn Roots/lẽrn lɜːn English learn
lesson
ley Roots/ley lɛj Spanish law
regulation
rule
standard
guideline
ordinance
lez Roots/lez lɛz Venetian
Istriot
read
interpret
lieb Roots/lieb liːb German affection marker
dear
darling
sweetheart
love
muffin
mignon
beloved
cute
adorable
AFFCT
lietir Roots/lietir liː.tɪɹ English
French
litre
líkam Roots/líkam liː.kaːm Dutch body
ling Roots/ling lɪng Latin language
livr Roots/livr li.vɹ French book
tome
volume
lof Roots/lof lof Greek hill
lorg Roots/lorg loɹg Scottish Gaelic search
look
search for
look for
trace
seek out
louj Roots/louj ludʒ French sled
loun Roots/loun lun French moon
loup Roots/loup lup Latin wolf
lud Roots/lud luːd Latin play
game
sport
lúgin Roots/lúgin luː.gɪn Albanian valley
vale
dale
glen
lum Roots/lum luːm Novial he
she
it
they (pan-gender)
his
her(s)
its
their(s)
him
her
3SG
lútr Roots/lútr luː.tɹ Novial they
them
their(s)
3PL
lúvan Roots/lúvan luː.væn Alekano neck
bridge
connector
luz Roots/luz luːz Spanish light
m Roots/m m English
French
Spanish
I
me
my
mine
1SG
mairit Roots/mairit meɪ.ɹɪt English marriage
matrimony
wedding
marry
wed
mákit Roots/mákit maː.kɪt Malagasy lemur
mal Roots/mal maːl French
Spanish
bad
evil
vile
mam Roots/mam mæm Latin bosom
mank Roots/mank mænk French eat
consume
ingest
food
masin Roots/masin mæ.sɪn Samoan month
mastik Roots/mastik maːs.tɪk Latin chew
maund Roots/maund mɔnd French
Spanish
world
globe
the Earth
distant planet
specific field
a great amount
human existence as a whole
maz Roots/maz mæz English mass
crowd
group
collection
together
melíagriz Roots/melíagriz mɛl.iː.æ.gɹɪz Latin
Ancient Greek
turkey
men Roots/men mɛn Dominican Creole hand
menit Roots/menit mɛn.ɪt English
Dutch
many
much
mẽrk Roots/mẽrk mɜːɹk Turkish centre
middle
midpoint
midway
central
mesm Roots/mesm mɛs.m Portuguese even
meubl Roots/meubl meʊ.bl French furniture
míal Roots/míal miː.æl Greek brain
mind
midíel Roots/midíel mɪ.diː.ɛl English medium (communication)
media
mietir Roots/mietir miː.tɪɹ English
French
metre
minit Roots/minit mɪ.nɪt English minute (unit of time)
mit Roots/mit mɪt Latin send
moart Roots/moart mɔɹt French
Latin
die
pass away
death
móbil Roots/móbil moː.bɪl English car
motorcar
automobile
auto
vehicle
moin Roots/moin mɔɪn French minus
but
except (for)
save (for)
excluding
bar
other than
exclude
expel
take away
remove
subtract
minus sign (-)
less
lesser
pale
mólit Roots/mólit moː.lɪt Slovene
Old Church Slavonic
pray
prayer
móral Roots/móral moː.ɹəl English
French
moral
ethical
virtuous
righteous
ethics
móran Roots/móran mo.ɹæn Maori
Tahitian
sea
morin Roots/morin mo.ɹɪn English mouse
mosel Roots/mosel mo.sel Catalan
English
bite
mosol Roots/mosol mo.soːl Hungarian smile
moukl Roots/moukl mu.kl Ancient Greek mule
mouv Roots/mouv muv English
French
move
motion
mũrg Roots/mũrg mɜːɹg Romanian dark
darkness
black
músik Roots/músik muː.sɪk English music

N—P

Root Table IPA Source language(s) Meaning Gloss abbr.
naiv Roots/naiv neɪv Latin boat
naiz Roots/naiz neɪz French give birth (to)
bear
nakausch Roots/nakausch næ.kaʊʃ Hebrew snake
serpent
nákol Roots/nákol naː.kol Muskogee Creek story
narrative
tale
account
fable
fiction
nal Roots/nal næl Lojban negation marker NEG
námuz Roots/námuz naː.muz Kurdish honour
nand Roots/nand nand Finnish as
portray
act as
star (as)
play (a role or part)
essive case marker
ESS
naul Roots/naul nɔl English
Latin
zero
null
zilch
zip
0
naum Roots/naum nʌm French name
call (by name)
be called
neuv Roots/neuv neʊv Finnish refer (to)
direct someone (to)
show someone the way (to)
advise someone
make a reference to
cite (a work or source)
citation
advice
nev Roots/nev nɛv Spanish nine
9
nid Roots/nid nɪd no
not
veto
nímel Roots/nímel niː.mɛl Chuukese control
subdue
monitor (over)
master
nível Roots/nível ni.vɛl Xhosa (originating) from
come from
source
origin
by
originative case marker
OGN
nívin Roots/nívin niː.vɪn Latin snow
noagel Roots/noagel noʊ.gɛl French
Swahili
swim
noard Roots/noard noʊɹd French north
nokel Roots/nokel no.kɛl Bengali nail
claw
nout Roots/nout nut English
Icelandic
now
the present
presently
currently
nouv Roots/nouv nuv French new
núat Roots/núat nuː.æt Dalmatian night
nighttime
nútr Roots/nútr nuː.tɹ French we
us
our(s)
1PL
núvol Roots/núvol nuː.vol Catalan cloud
oan Roots/oan oʊn English
French
one
1
oat Roots/oat ot Italian
Spanish
eight
8
óbr Roots/óbr oː.bɹ Catalan open
ódig Roots/ódig o.dɪg Greek drive (a car)
steer (a boat or transport)
lead
guide
journey
ódim Roots/ódim o.dɪm Latin against
versus
oppose
dislike
hate
loathe
hatred
disgust
ólef Roots/ólef oː.lɛf English
Latin
smell
sniff
ólez Roots/ólez oː.lɛz Venetian
Friulian
dare
challenge
omal Roots/omal o.mæl Finnish fit
fitting
apt
suitable (for)
appropriate
qualified
suit
qualify (for)
ómist Roots/ómist o.mist Finnish dedicate
devote
dedication
dedicated to
for
for the benefit of
benefactive case marker
BEN
ónest Roots/ónest oː.nɛst Italian honest
orj Roots/orj oɹdʒ Finnish force
ósot Roots/ósot oː.sot Greek till
until
up till
up to
by (the time that)
terminative case marker
TERM
ostin Roots/ostin os.tɪn Greek bone
otlek Roots/otlek ot.lɛk Hungarian idea
ótr Roots/ótr o.tɹ French
Spanish
other
different
ouden Roots/ouden u.dɛn French or
either...or
one or the other
EXCL.OR
oudin Roots/oudin u.dɪn French or
and/or
either...or...or both
INCL.OR
ouranj Roots/ouranj u.ɹændʒ English orange
óvet Roots/óvet o.vɛt Middle English fruit
óvil Roots/óvil o:.vɪl Latin sheep
lamb
ram
ewe
Paip Roots/Paip peɪp French (the) Pope
paiz Roots/paiz peɪz French
Spanish
Catalan
Asturian
country
nation
territory
sovereign state
land
area
pajel Roots/pajel pæ.dʒɛl Czech join
connect
put together
come together
solder
pâpoar Roots/pâpoar peɪ.poʊɹ Kashubian paper
parl Roots/parl pɑɹl French speak
talk
communicate (in)
speech
parv Roots/parv paːɹv Latin small (in size)
miniature
modest
Paskel Roots/Paskel pæs.kɛl Ido Easter
paulk Roots/paulk pɔlk Russian stick (of wood)
cane
club (of wood)
rod
pauz Roots/pauz paʊz English pause
interrupt
stop
halt
cease (briefly)
interruption
intermission
interval
bridge (of a song)
penk Roots/penk pɛnk Finnish bench
penz Roots/penz pɛnz French
Spanish
think
ponder
wonder of
consider
mull over
thought
pẽrd Roots/pẽrd pɜːɹd French
Spanish
lose
peuv Roots/peuv pjuːv French few
little (in amount or quantity)
pexin Roots/pexin pɛk.sɪn Karípuna Creole fish
píed Roots/píed piː.ɛd French foot (of a body)
paw (of an animal)
píel Roots/píel piː.ɛl Spanish skin
pífik Roots/pífik piː.fɪk Greek ape
pilipal Roots/pilipal pɪ.lɪ.pal Welsh butterfly
pir Roots/pir pɪɹ French for
plaj Roots/plaj pladʒ French beach
planet Roots/planet plæ.nɪt English planet
plant Roots/plant plænt English plant
pleuv Roots/pleuv pluːv French rain
plíem Roots/plíem pliː.ɛm Russian
Belarusian
tribe
ploch Roots/ploch plotʃ Czech area (in square units)
size
measure (in square units)
ploum Roots/ploum plum Latin feather
plúak Roots/plúak pluː.ak Lower Sorbian
Upper Sorbian
spit
poart Roots/poart poʊɹt French
Latin
carry
transport
deliver
poazen Roots/poazen po.zɛn Latin grass
pódal Roots/pódal poː.daːl Russian tall
stand
mast
pole
beam
podium
pódel Roots/pódel po.dɛl Serbian divide
separate
split
break apart
disintegrate
defragment
divided by
division sign (÷)
divorce
pog Roots/pog pog Dutch try
attempt
endeavour
point Roots/point pɔɪnt English point
dot
period
full stop
speck
particle
pórul Roots/pórul poː.ɹul Tamil meaning
definition
mean
be defined as
pósan Roots/pósan poː.san Macedonian
Hakka
estate
pótal Roots/pótal poː.tæl Hungarian replace
substitute
replacement
stand-in
alternative
instead (of)
in lieu of
substitutive case marker
SUBST
póvaud Roots/póvaud poː.vaʊd Croatian
Macedonian
Russian
reason
cause
motive
because
póvest Roots/póvest poː.vɛst coffee
café
prem Roots/prem pɹɛm French start
begin
premiere
prend Roots/prend pɹɛnd French take
get
obtain
haul
prev Roots/prev pɹɛv English
Latin
before
prior (to)
in front of
precede
prez Roots/prez pɹɛz Albanian wait
wait on
wait for
anticipate
anticipation
prin Roots/prin pɹɪn Ido
Novial
about
concerning
topic
subject
referential case marker
REF
proad Roots/proad pɹoʊd Russian sell
sale
deal
buy
prol Roots/prol pɹol Bulgarian gap
interval
pause
space between
prósim Roots/prósim pɹoː.sɪm Czech please
kindly
request
protévon Roots/protévon pɹo.teɪ.von Greek primate
proxam Roots/proxam pɹoks.aːm Latin far
distant
far away
afar
remote
proxaum Roots/proxaum pɹoks.aʊm Latin beyond
very far
very distant
remote
proxem Roots/proxem pɹoks.ɛm Latin distance
length
measurement
measure
long
proxim Roots/proxim pɹoks.ɪm Latin near
nearby
close to
next to
almost
nearly
nigh
immediate
proximity
vicinity
apudessive case marker
APUD
puaz Roots/puaz pwaz Kilivila rotten
stench
stink
crud
"P.U."
pued Roots/pued pwɛd French then
puert Roots/puert pwɛɹt Spanish
Aragonese
door
portal
pult Roots/pult pult Estonian desk
pũr Roots/pũr pɜːɹ English
Latin
clean
pure
tidy
flawless
perfect
puxel Roots/puxel puk.sɛl English
Armenian
vomit
throw up

R–S

Root Table IPA Source language(s) Meaning Gloss abbr.
raidíol Roots/raidíol ɹeɪ.diː.oʊl English radio
radio receiver
radio tuner
rak Roots/rak ɹaːk Mari more (than)
-er
comparative suffix
COMP
ráken Roots/ráken ɹaː.kɛn Mari most
-est
superlative suffix
SUPER
ranjifer Roots/ranjifer ɹan.dʒɪ.fɛɹ Latin reindeer
caribou
raz Roots/raz ɹaːz Polish times
multiplied by
multiply
duplicate
clone
multiplication symbol (×)
reg Roots/reg ɹɛg Latin reign
govern
rule (over)
rel Roots/rel ɹɛl English
French
Spanish
repeated
again
anew
rémek Roots/rémek ɹaɪ.mɛk Hungarian art
artwork
reptil Roots/reptil ɹɛp.tɪl English reptile
scalie
réshan Roots/réshan ɹeɪ.ʃaːn Tibetan "really?"
"can it be?"
"no way"
"unbelievable"
"hey"
expression of surprise
reshil Roots/reshil ɹɛ.ʃɪl Hebrew
French
net
network
resim Roots/resim ɹɛ.sɪm Turkish image
picture
photograph
drawing
doodle
rest Roots/rest ɹɛst French stay
remain
stand
remainder
ríabl Roots/ríabl ɹiː.aːb.l aunt
uncle
ríant Roots/ríant ɹiː.ænt Welsh parent
mother
mommy
mom
father
daddy
dad
"pop"
raise young
rear
rip Roots/rip ɹɪp English tear
rip
scar
shred
risul Roots/risul ɹɪ.suːl Sardinian laugh
risuv Roots/risuv ɹɪ.suːv Bulgarian draw
sketch
doodle
drawing
roaz Roots/roaz ɹoʊz English
French
Spanish
rose
ródent Roots/ródent ɹoː.dɛnt English rodent
rógel Roots/rógel ɹo.gɛl Estonian green
rókon Roots/rókon ɹoː.kon Hungarian relative
family member
kin
roshol Roots/roshol ɹo.ʃol Czech decide (on)
determine
settle (on)
roub Roots/roub ɹub Latin red
roul Roots/roul ɹul English
French
wheel
rour Roots/rour ɹuɹ English rural area
countryside
róvin Roots/róvin ɹo.vɪn Czech
Slovak
ground
level
plain
prairie
plateau
savannah
geometric plane
face
surface
flat
even
smooth
ruk Roots/ruk ɹuːk Mari less (than) NEG.COMP
rúken Roots/rúken ɹuː.kɛn Mari least NEG.SUPER
sab Roots/sab saːb Spanish know
be aware of
be acquainted with
be familiar with
have knowledge of
saiblaun Roots/saiblaun seɪ.blɔn French sand
sákr Roots/sákr saː.kɹ French holy
divine
sacred
sanctified
consecrated
hallowed
salout Roots/salout sæ.lut French hello
greetings
"hi there"
sároav Roots/sároav saː.ɹoʊv Sanskrit lake
saulm Roots/saulm sɑlm English psalm
hymn
sault Roots/sault sɔlt English salt
saum Roots/saum sʌm English sum
total
count
tally
amount
quantity
value
sum up
add up
calculate
enumerate
compute
saunak Roots/saunak sɔ.næk English
Finnish
sauna
saut Roots/saut sɔt French jump
skip
spring
hop
leap
bounce
sauv Roots/sauv saʊv French save
rescue
seb Roots/seb sɛb Macedonian
Russian
Ukrainian
self REFLX
sed Roots/sed sɛd Latin but
rather
however
yet
though
nonetheless
nevertheless
despite
in spite
sékit Roots/sékit seɪ.kɪt English second (unit of time)
sélon Roots/sélon seɪ.lon French according to
per
as told by
authoritative case marker
AUTH
sent Roots/sent sɛnt French hundred
100
sep Roots/sep sɛp French seven
7
serist Roots/serist sɛ.ɹɪst French cherry
sẽrt Roots/sẽrt sɜːɹt Latin late
tardy
sẽrvol Roots/sẽrvol sɜːɹ.vol Catalan deer
buck
stag
doe
fawn
hart
sesam Roots/sesam sɛ.sæm English sesame
set Roots/set sɛt English set
group
seul Roots/seul sjuːl French only
unique
alone
lonely
solitary
just
merely
exclusive case marker
EXCL
shak Roots/shak ʃaːk French each
per
distributive case marker
DIST
shálob Roots/shálob ʃaː.lob Russian complain
argue
complaint
argument
shanel Roots/shanel ʃæ.nɛl Zulu sweep
shastir Roots/shastir ʃas.tɪɹ Mongolian saga
epic
legend
chronicle
shim Roots/shim ʃɪm Hebrew put
place (an object in/on)
set (something in/on)
shoak Roots/shoak ʃoʊk French shock
shoub Roots/shoub ʃub Mandarin catch
capture
trap
snare
grasp
clutch
seize
shulm Roots/shulm ʃulm Akkadian health
shúmel Roots/shúmel ʃu.mɛl Mandarin number
numeral
shũr Roots/shũr ʃɜːɹ English
French
sure
certain
positive
confident
sibl Roots/sibl sɪb.l English sibling
sister
brother
sid Roots/sid sɪd Spanish yes
indeed
sîenz Roots/sîenz saɪ.ɛnz English science
sif Roots/sif sɪf French
Spanish
English
if
sign Roots/sign sɪg.n English sign
symbol
síkl Roots/síkl siː.kl Greenlandic cold
chill
freeze
freezing
chilly
icy
simían Roots/simían sɪ.miː.ən Latin monkey
simil Roots/simil sɪ.mɪl Latin feel (like)
look (like)
seem (like)
resemble
like
similar (to)
comparable
resemblance
formal case marker
FORM
sin Roots/sin sɪn Spanish without
lack(ing)
empty
void
devoid
free of
abessive case marker
ABE
sípran Roots/sípran siː.pɹan Haitian Creole surprise
amaze
amazement
síríal Roots/síríal siː.ɹiː.əl English
French
(breakfast) cereal
sirkul Roots/sirkul sɪɹ.kul English
Latin
circle
circular
round
surround
encircle
sist Roots/sist sist English
French
six
6
sitov Roots/sitov sɪ.tov English
French
city
town
urban area
sivin Roots/sivin sə.vɪn Greek put out
extinguish
quench
turn off
switch out
erase
delete
wipe (away)
rub out
wash away
wash out
remove
erasure
deletion
wiping
removal
purge
skábel Roots/skábel skaː.bɛl Danish trope
template
pattern
skalp Roots/skalp skalp Latin scratch
scrawl
skrib Roots/skrib skɹɪb Spanish write
scribble
skulp Roots/skulp skuːl.p Latin sculpt
carve
chisel
soalch Roots/soalch soʊltʃ German such
"what (a)..."
sog Roots/sog sog Danish
Elfdalian
Faroese
Icelandic
Norwegian
and
plus
also
too
as well
in addition
positive
addition
add
plus sign (+)
sol Roots/sol sol Spanish sun
spadan Roots/spadan spæ.dæn Sicilian shoulder
spaiz Roots/spaiz speɪz English space
outer space
cosmos
universe
galaxy
Milky Way
expanse
spal Roots/spal spal Romanian wash
spir Roots/spir spiːɹ Latin breathe
breath
spoak Roots/spoak spoʊk English spear
spike
stab
pierce
poke
punch
spoun Roots/spoun spun English spoon
sprenj Roots/sprenj stɹɛndʒ Italian squeeze
crush
spruv Roots/spruv spɹuv Ukrainian
English
screw (in)
stásen Roots/stásen staː.sɛn Corsican obey
follow
stauz Roots/stauz stɔz Finnish hunt
follow
pursue
go after
chase
sted Roots/sted stɛd Middle English place
location
locale
stead
area
site
locate
stel Roots/stel stɛl Hungarian of
associated with
from a set of
stoach Roots/stoach stoʊtʃ Greek target
goal
objective
aim
intent
stof Roots/stof stof Dutch dust
dirt
stomak Roots/stomak sto.mʌk English stomach
belly
stret Roots/stret stɹɛt Slovak meet
meeting
strub Roots/strub stɹuːb Latin build
construct
suav Roots/suav swaːv Latin kiss
sud Roots/sud suːd French south
suert Roots/suert swɛɹt Spanish
Asturian
luck
chance
lucky
sufl Roots/sufl suːf.l Latin blow
wind
breeze
suig Roots/suig swɪg Latin
Dutch
suck (up)
súkran Roots/súkran suː.kɹan French sugar
súmel Roots/súmel suː.mɛl Korean age
sútel Roots/sútel suː.tɛl Latin trick
fool
swindle
be had
cunning
crafty
súzel Roots/súzel suː.zɛl Marathi
Hindi
list
memo

T–V

Root Table IPA Source language(s) Meaning Gloss abbr.
t Roots/t t Latin you
your(s)
2SG.FAM
tábud Roots/tábud taː.bud Kilivila room
chamber
space (inside something)
tafrin Roots/tafrin tæf.ɹɪn Persian
Arabic
fun
leisure
recreation
amusement
entertainment
hobby
Tair Roots/Tair tɛɚ French Earth
tam Roots/tam tæm French estimate
round up
approximate
approximation
about
approximately
estimated
numeric estimation suffix
ESTM
tang Roots/tang tæŋ Latin touch
feel
pertingent case marker
PERT
tánul Roots/tánul taː.nul Hungarian field
area of study
study of...
specialty
study
specialise in
-logy
-ology
STUDY
tapaul Roots/tapaul ta.pɔl Hebrew
English
apple
tasen Roots/tasen tæ.sɛn French cup
taug Roots/taug taʊg Hmong break
shatter
crack
split
rupture
fracture
taukal Roots/taukal taʊ.kæl Nahuatl bear
tautok Roots/tautok taʊ.tok Maori support
back
backing
(in) favour
télev Roots/télev teɪ.lɛv English television
TV set
telly
telfoan Roots/telfoan tɛl.foʊn English telephone
ten Roots/ten tɛn French
Latin
hold
have
maintain
keep
tep Roots/tep tɛp Danish grand-
great-
generation
era
téruz Roots/téruz teɪ.ɹuːz Indonesian
Malay
continue
resume
proceed
remain
stay
last (for a while)
continuation
resumption
continuous
non-stop
still
sequel
tévol Roots/tévol teɪ.vol Alekano table
tey Roots/tey teɪ English tea
tez Roots/tez tɛz Hindi
Persian
Urdu
fast
quick
rapid
swift
speedy
speed
velocity
tíal Roots/tíal tiː.aːl Dalmatian clothes
clothing
wardrobe
vestments
apparel
tíden Roots/tíden tiː.dɛn Czech week
tíemp Roots/tíemp tiː.ɛmp Spanish time
tíez Roots/tíez tiː.ɛz Friulian weave
tim Roots/tim tɪm French fraction
x/n
#st
#nd
#rd
#th
piece
slice
sliver
crumb
section
FRACT
toapun Roots/toapun toʊ.puːn Carib stone
tóbin Roots/tóbin toː.bɪn O'odham
French
white
light (in colour)
tóchen Roots/tóchen toː.tʃɛn Macedonian
Bulgarian
exact
precise
accurate
meticulous
faithful
punctual
note-for-note
tójel Roots/tójel toː.dʒɛl Maori
Hungarian
represent
symbolise
exemplify
depict
representation
representative
typical
tol Roots/tol tol English tool
tóruv Roots/tóruv toː.ɹuv Rotokas wave
toukel Roots/toukel tu.kɛl Malay hammer
tout Roots/tout tut French all
every
entire
whole
full
complete
omni-
touv Roots/touv tuːv English two
2
tranz Roots/tranz tɹænz English
Latin
through
across
transitive case marker
TRANS
tref Roots/tref tɹɛf Welsh tax
levy
trep Roots/trep tɹɛp Kashubian tail
trévol Roots/trévol tɹeɪ.vol Russian alert
alarm
signal
warning
warn
give warning
trez Roots/trez tɹɛz French very
extremely
exceedingly
trig Roots/trig tɹɪg English three
3
troav Roots/troav tɹoʊv French
Spanish
work
be employed
job
employment
trop Roots/trop tɹop French too...
too much
too many
excessive
excess
overflow
overabundance
overcapacity
plethora
overmuch
to the brim
trouv Roots/trouv tɹuv French find
discover
discovery
trug Roots/trug tɹug Telugu turn
spin
rotate
change direction
tuaren Roots/tuaren twa.ɹɛn Maori fog
mist
haze
blur
tuisab Roots/tuisab twiː.sæb Irish understand
comprehend
grasp
tuisel Roots/tuisel twɪ.sɛl Irish
Scottish Gaelic
grammatical case
túlen Roots/túlen tuː.lɛn Indonesian
Malay
real
true
actual
factual
authentic
genuine
truth
fact
real deal
túpan Roots/túpan tuː.pæn Turkmen storm
tempest
turagit Roots/turagit tu.ɹæ.gɪt Thai business
commerce
trade
commercial
úlem Roots/úlem uː.lɛm Albanian sit (down)
have a seat
take a seat
float
un Roots/un uːn French
Spanish
a(n)
a certain
some
one
INDEF.ART
IMPRS
uspet Roots/uspet us.pɛt Czech prosper
succeed
success
prosperous
successful
ust Roots/ust ust Spanish you
your(s)
2SG.HON
ustr Roots/ustr us.tɹ Spanish you
your(s)
2PL.HON
útil Roots/útil uː.tɪl Spanish
French
use
utilise
apply
employ
useful
utilitive case marker
UTIL
v Roots/v v Spanish go (verb)
vaising Roots/vaising veɪ.sɪŋ Lithuanian fruitful
fertile
val Roots/val vaːl French
Latin
worth
value
valour
worthy
valuable
válim Roots/válim vaː.lɪm Estonian vote
vásim Roots/vásim vaː.sɪm Estonian tired
weary
sleepy
drowsy
fatigued
exhausted
languid
vaulp Roots/vaulp vaʊlp Latin fox
vek Roots/vek vɛk Haitian Creole with
along with
together (with)
in addition to
accompanied by
in the company of
comitative case marker
COM
vel Roots/vel vɛl French old
antique
vintage
ven Roots/ven vɛn French
Spanish
Latin
come
ver Roots/ver vɝɹ
vɛɹ
Dutch back
backward(s)
reverse
turn back
revertive case marker
RVT
vev Roots/vev vɛv Spanish
French
live
(be) alive
vey Roots/vey veɪ Walloon see
look (at)
watch
view
observe
understand
víand Roots/víand viː.ænd French meat
flesh
víel Roots/víel viː.ɛl Latvian substance
material
matter
stuff
vink Roots/vink vɪnk French conquer
take over
defeat
conquest
visl Roots/visl vɪs.l Swedish whistle
voal Roots/voal voʊl French fly
float (in air)
hover
soar
flight
vókab Roots/vókab voː.kæb Latin word
vóleb Roots/vóleb vo.lɛb Czech choice
selection
decision
option
pick
choose
select
settle on
vorb Roots/vorb voɹb German past
beyond
voul Roots/voul vul French want
desire
wish
intend
intent
will
willpower
plan
purpose
volition
vútr Roots/vútr vuː.tɹ French you
your(s)
2PL.FAM
vuxel Roots/vuxel vuks.ɛl Swedish adult

W—Z

Root Table IPA Source language(s) Meaning Gloss abbr.
wan Roots/wan waːn Quechua with (the help of)
by
via
instrumental case marker
INSTR
waudel Roots/waudel wɑ.dɛl English waddle
waurm Roots/waurm wɔɹm English warm
web Roots/web wɛb English Internet
World Wide Web
online
cyberspace
weg Roots/weg wɛg German off (an object or suface)
down from
delative case marker
DEL
west Roots/west wɛst English west
windel Roots/windel wɪn.dɛl German diaper
nappy
yájin Roots/yájin jaː.dʒin Mandarin console (someone)
yẽrt Roots/yẽrt jɜːɹd English beat
hit
strike
slap
whap
assault
attack
blow
knock
pound
obliterate
yoal Roots/yoal joʊl Lakota
Santee Dakota
yawn
yúkan Roots/yúkan juː.kæn Sanskrit louse
zágrot Roots/zágrot zaː.gɹot Polish risk
chance
zámok Roots/zámok zaː.mok Russian
Belarusian
Slovak
lock
zeg Roots/zeg zɛg Dutch "they say (that)"
"so they say"
"it is said"
"(as) I heard"
"I hear talk"
quotative marker
reported speech marker
indirect speech marker
QUOT
REPRT
INDRT
zelen Roots/zelen zɛ.lɛn Czech vegetable
zelm Roots/zelm zɛlm Hungarian soul
ghost
ghoul
spirit
phantom
Spirit (of God)
ziegel Roots/ziegel ziː.gɛl German brick
zíel Roots/zíel ziː.ɛl French sky
Heaven
zigin Roots/zigin zɪ.gɪn Alekano shake
tremble
quake
shudder
shiver
quiver
wobble
wiggle
jiggle
rock
to and fro
back and forth
zigzag Roots/zigzag zɪg.zæg English
French
zigzag
zol Roots/zol zol own
possess
proprietive case marker
PROP
zusk Roots/zusk zuːsk Basque right
zustim Roots/zustim zuːs.tɪm German agree
concur
accept
agreement
concord

Base

Root Table IPA Source language(s) Meaning
góteh Demo roots/góteh goʊ.teɪ Gta' bring something from an inaccessible place with the help of a long stick
hairîv Roots/hairîv heɪɹ.aɪv Welsh longing (for one's home)
homesick
nostalgic
homesickness
nostalgia
koudmen Roots/koudmen kʊd.mɛn Dominican Creole community spirit
koulaurd Roots/koulaurd kuː.lɔɹd Breton pumpkin
mákáron Roots/mákáron maː.kaː.ɹon English
Italian
macaroni
mákul Roots/mákul maː.kuːl Japanese film
mógen Roots/mógen mo.gɛn Swedish ripe
mature
santalin Roots/santalin saːn.tæ.lɪn Latin mistletoe
tóbógan Roots/tóbógan toː.boː.gən English toboggan

Affixes

Affix Table IPA Source language(s) Meaning Gloss abbr.
-a Affixes/-a ɑː Spanish feminine end marker FEM
-aid Affixes/-aid eɪd conditional/subjective tense marker COND
SJV
-aijat Affixes/-aijat eɪ.dʒat prospective aspect marker PRSP
-aik Affixes/-aik eɪk past participle marker PST.PTCP
-ail Affixes/-ail eɪl French
English
pertaining to
-ain Affixes/-ain eɪn gerund marker GER
-ait Affixes/-ait eɪt imperative marker IMP
-ant Affixes/-ant ænt French continous/progressive marker CONT
PROG
-ar Affixes/-ar ɑɹ Spanish infinitive verb marker INF
-ard Affixes/-ard æɹd French million
a million of
augmentative marker
AUG
-as Affixes/-as ɑːs feminine plural marker FEM-PL
-at Affixes/-at æt indicative verb marker IND
-e Affixes/-e e
French neuter end marker N
-ead Affixes/-ead iːd medium-sized
mediate size marker
MED
-eb Affixes/-eb ɛb baby
newborn
diminutive suffix
NASC.DIM
-es Affixes/-es es
eɪs
neuter plural marker N-PL
-et Affixes/-et ɛt French small
young
miniature
brief
diminutive suffix
DIM
-eun Affixes/-eun əʊn Korean as for
speaking of
on the subject of
when it comes to
as far as (subject) is concerned
topic marker
TOP
-euz Affixes/-euz əʊz French full (of)
plenty (of)
teeming with
fé- Affixes/fé- feɪ English future tense marker FUT
-i Affixes/-i French adjective end marker
interfix
accusative case marker
ADJ
INTFX
ACC
-ib Affixes/-ib ɪb ergative case marker ERG
-íbeun Affixes/-íbeun iː.bəʊn identified as...
identificative case marker
IDENT
-íen Affixes/-íen iː.ɛn French someone who PRSNL.AGT
DYM
-íer Affixes/-íer iː.ɛɹ French something that does AGT
-if Affixes/-if ɪf English
French
characterised by
of the nature of
adjectival suffix
-is Affixes/-is iːs adjective plural marker ADJ-PL
-iz Affixes/-iz ɪz English conversion into
transformation into
change into
transformative verb suffix
nad- Affixes/nad- nad Czech
Polish
Kashubian
Croatian
Slovene
intensifier INTF
-o Affixes/-o o Spanish masculine end marker MASC
-os Affixes/-os os masculine plural marker MASC-PL
-oz Affixes/-oz oz 's
possessive marker
genitive case marker
GEN
pé- Affixes/pé- peɪ English past tense marker PST
péfé- Affixes/péfé- peɪ.feɪ future-in-the-past tense marker PST-FUT
plé- Affixes/plé- pleɪ Norwegian past habitual tense marker PST.HAB
-s Affixes/-s s English
French
Spanish
plural marker PL
-suel Affixes/-suel swɛl plural case marker CS.PL
-tem Affixes/-tem tɛm French #th
#st
#nd
#rd
ordinal number suffix
ORD
-u Affixes/-u u adverb end marker ADV
-únet Affixes/-únet uː.nɛt part of
some (of)
partitive case marker
INDEF.ART-DIM
PART

See also