Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/zol

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-zol- (Derivational Suffixoid)ABCCategory:Roots Category:Affixes (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
Meaning: with (adp), owning (adp); own (v), possess (v); owner (n), possessor (n), proprietor (n); proprietive case marker
(Gloss: PROP) Category:Case markers
Etymology: Reverse spelling of -oz-oz.

Morpheme length: 3 (L O Z)loz loz Category:Isogram morphemes Category:Zyxarian morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: CVC • IPA: /zol/zolSyllables: 1 (zol)

Default word class: Adposition

Mutated forms (1d)

Before root with l as second or later letter: zoŕ • Before inz: zól • Before all other morphemes: zol

Lexeme
Noun (Animate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Pan-gender
Regular
Singular zolo zola zole
Plural zolos zolas zoles
Articulated
Definite Singular zollo zolla zollé
Plural zollos zollas zollés
Indefinite Singular zoluno zoluna zollé
Plural zolunos zolunas zollés
Complex
Forms tüozzol- tüazzol- zol-
Offspring
Older Singular zolódro zolódra zolódré
Plural zolódros zolódras zolódrés
Younger Singular zolódredo zolódreda zolódrède
Plural zolódredos zolódredas zolódrèdes
Age
Juvenile Singular zoledo zoleda zolède
Plural zoledos zoledas zolèdes
Adolescent Singular zoleshoano zoleshoana zoleshoane
Plural zoleshoanos zoleshoanas zoleshoanes
Adult Singular zoŕeushelo zoŕeushela zoŕeushèle
Plural zoŕeushelos zoŕeushelas zoŕeushèles
Geriatric Singular zoŕeldo zoŕelda zoŕelde
Plural zoŕeldos zoŕeldas zoŕeldes
Size
Diminutive Singular zoleto zoleta zolète
Plural zoletos zoletas zolètes
Medial Singular zoleado zoleada zoleade
Plural zoleados zoleadas zoleades
Augmentative Singular zolardo zolarda zolarde
Plural zolardos zolardas zolardes
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject zol- zol-s
zolouz-
zol(öut/öur)-
Topic zoleun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
zolieb- zolieb-s
zolouzieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
zolerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
zolad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
zolad- zolouzad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
zolúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar zolt-(s)
Formal zolust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
zoloz- zoloz-s
zolöutoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
zolorz- zolorz-s
zolöutorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
zolten-
zoŕzol-
zolouśten-
zolouzzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
zolabuam- zolouzabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
zolemek- zolouzemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
zoŕútil- zolouzútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
zolaurd- zolouzaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
zolómist- zolouzómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
zolaseb- zolöutaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
zolauvek- zolouzauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
zolẽrgim- zolouzẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
zoŕesil- zolöutésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
zolósot-
zoläffim-
zolöutósot-
zolouzäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
zolaup- zolouzaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
zoläuvv- zolouzäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
zolproxim- zolouśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
zolíak- zolouzíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
zoŕault- zolouzault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
zoŕauload- zolouzauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
zoltranz- zolouśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
zolint- zolouzint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
zolintaup- zolouzintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
zoltug- zolouśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
zoltúgaup- zolouśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
zoltüvv- zolouśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
zolweg- zolouzweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
zoŕúlem- zolouzúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
zoloantem- zolouzoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
zolprev- zolouśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
zoláprev- zolouzáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
zolond- zolouzond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
zoleriv- zolouzeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
zolmoin- zolouśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
zolnend-
zolausin-
zolouśnend-
zolöutausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
zolaiv- zolouzaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
zoŕseul- zolouśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
zolaubog- zolouzaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
zolopon- zolouzopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
zolévit- zolouzévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
zoŕpótal- zolouśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
zoŕuslen- zolöutúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
zoŕmólen- zolouśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
zoŕomil- zolouzomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
zolnand- zolouśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
zoliz- zolöutiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
zolesit- zolöutésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
zoloid- zolouzoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
zolausik- zolöutausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
zolaibem- zolouzaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
zolkuam- zolouśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
zolprin- zolouśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
zolar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕzolar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
zolavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
zolantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
zolantavar zolavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
zolasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
zolaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
zoŕábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
zoŕámelar zoŕeselar zolúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
zoŕaubilar zolaisómar zoŕaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
souŕzolar vouŕzolar bouŕzolar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
zolait! fézolait! naŕzolait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
zolaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
zolaine zolé
Participles
Present Past
zolant zolaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative zolat nupézolat pézolat plézolat fézolat péfézolat zolaik
Negative naŕzolat naŕnupézolat naŕpézolat naŕplézolat naŕfézolat naŕpéfézolat naŕzolaik
Progressive
Affirmative zolant nupézolant pézolant plézolant fézolant péfézolant zolantaik
Negative naŕzolant naŕnupézolant naŕpézolant naŕplézolant naŕfézolant naŕpéfézolant naŕzolantaik
Continuative
Affirmative zolasant nupézolasant pézolasant plézolasant fézolasant péfézolasant zolasantaik
Negative naŕzolasant naŕnupézolasant naŕpézolasant naŕplézolasant naŕfézolasant naŕpéfézolasant naŕzolasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative zolaijat nupézolaijat pézolaijat plézolaijat fézolaijat péfézolaijat zolaijaik
Negative naŕzolaijat naŕnupézolaijat naŕpézolaijat naŕplézolaijat naŕfézolaijat naŕpéfézolaijat naŕzolaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative zolavat nupézolavat pézolavat plézolavat fézolavat péfézolavat zolavaik
Negative naŕzolavat naŕnupézolavat naŕpézolavat naŕplézolavat naŕfézolavat naŕpéfézolavat naŕzolavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative zolantavat nupézolantavat pézolantavat plézolantavat fézolantavat péfézolantavat zolantavaik
Negative naŕzolantavat naŕnupézolantavat naŕpézolantavat naŕplézolantavat naŕfézolantavat naŕpéfézolantavat naŕzolantavaik
Adposition zol
Morpheme family
Usage notes

As a case marker, indicates that one or more items referred to in a sentence are owned or held by the referent in question. If a subject has an alienable item, an abstract entity, or a body condition, then ten is used instead. Along with -oz (genitive case marker)/-orz (possessive case marker), ad (in dative/indirect phrases), and -ieb (in passive appositional adjectives), both ten and zol are among several Relformaide morphemes to exhibit Suffixaufnahme, or case stacking (as demonstrated in the relevant Grammar section).

The proprietive case is virtually nonexistent in natural languages outside several indigenous ones from Australia (including Martuthunira and Kayardild).

-oz/-orz marks the possessor before an item, while der/den is placed after the item and before the possessor in complex situations.

Added on: 2016-11-23, 08:03View semantic data
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zol