Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/zeg

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zeg- (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
Meaning: "they say (that)", "so they say", "it is said", "(as) I heard", "I hear talk"; quotative marker; reported speech marker, indirect speech marker
(Gloss: QUOT, REPRT, INDRT)
Etymology: From Dutch zeggen.

Morpheme length: 3 (E G Z)egz egz Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: CVC • IPA: /zɛg/zɛgSyllables: 1 (zeg)

Default word class: Verb

Mutated forms (11b)
Before next...
a zeg b zegoṛ ch zeg d zeg
e zèg (tmsn.)
zeg (root)
f zegoṛ g zeg h zeg
i zeg j zeȷ́ k zeg l zeg
m zeg n zeg o zeg p zeg
r zeg s zeg t zeg u zeg
v zeg w zeg y zeg z zeg
Before inz zég
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
zegar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕzegar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
zegavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
zegantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
zegantavar zegavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
zegasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
zegaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
zegábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
zegámelar zegeselar zegúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
zegaubilar zegaisómar zegaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
soulzegar voulzegar boulzegar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
zegait! fézegait! naŕzegait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
zegaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
zegaine zège
Participles
Present Past
zegant zegaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative zegat nupézegat pézegat plézegat fézegat péfézegat zegaik
Negative naŕzegat naŕnupézegat naŕpézegat naŕplézegat naŕfézegat naŕpéfézegat naŕzegaik
Progressive
Affirmative zegant nupézegant pézegant plézegant fézegant péfézegant zegantaik
Negative naŕzegant naŕnupézegant naŕpézegant naŕplézegant naŕfézegant naŕpéfézegant naŕzegantaik
Continuative
Affirmative zegasant nupézegasant pézegasant plézegasant fézegasant péfézegasant zegasantaik
Negative naŕzegasant naŕnupézegasant naŕpézegasant naŕplézegasant naŕfézegasant naŕpéfézegasant naŕzegasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative zegaijat nupézegaijat pézegaijat plézegaijat fézegaijat péfézegaijat zegaijaik
Negative naŕzegaijat naŕnupézegaijat naŕpézegaijat naŕplézegaijat naŕfézegaijat naŕpéfézegaijat naŕzegaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative zegavat nupézegavat pézegavat plézegavat fézegavat péfézegavat zegavaik
Negative naŕzegavat naŕnupézegavat naŕpézegavat naŕplézegavat naŕfézegavat naŕpéfézegavat naŕzegavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative zegantavat nupézegantavat pézegantavat plézegantavat fézegantavat péfézegantavat zegantavaik
Negative naŕzegantavat naŕnupézegantavat naŕpézegantavat naŕplézegantavat naŕfézegantavat naŕpéfézegantavat naŕzegantavaik
Morpheme family
None
Usage notes

Counterpart to dez indicating reported/indirect speech as described by the subject, as in Lumo pézegat selbo félezat le livré (He said, "I'll read the book"). This also follows verb stems in sentences such as Le proadaine premzegat suiɖdíemu (They say the sale will begin tomorrow).

For the hearsay/gossip/rumour marker, see zegēsel.

Evidentiality markers in Relformaide
zeg (quoted/reported/indirect speech) • zem (visual) • zeng (sensory) • zev (auditory)
Added on: 2017-03-02, 11:20View semantic data
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zeg