Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/yorb

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yorb- (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
Meaning: around
(Gloss: around)
Etymology: From Northern Sami jorbbas/jorahallat (round/to turn round and round). (Found in this Sami-English dictionary by Kimberli Mäkäräinen. Also cf. English orbit.)

Morpheme length: 4 (B O R Y)bory bory Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: CVCC • IPA: /joɹb/joɹbSyllables: 1 (yorb)

Default word class: Adposition

Mutated forms (7a)
Before next...
a yorb b yorb ch yorb d yorb
e yorb f yorb g yorboṛ h yorb
i yorb j yorb k yorb l yorb
m yorb n yorb o yorb p yorb
r yorb s yorb t yorb u yorb
v yorb w yorb y yorb z yorb
Lexeme
Adjective
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Absolute Singular yorbi
Plural yorbis
Adverb
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive yorbu
Negative
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject yorb- yorb-s
yorbuez-
yorb(üet/üer)-
Topic yorbeun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
yorbieb- yorbieb-s
yorbuezieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
yorberij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
yorbad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
yorbad- yorbuezad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
yorbúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar yorbt-(s)
Formal yorbust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
yorboz- yorboz-s
yorbüetoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
yorborz- yorborz-s
yorbüetorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
yorbten-
yorbzol-
yorbueśten-
yorbuezzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
yorbabuam- yorbuezabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
yorbemek- yorbuezemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
yorbútil- yorbuezútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
yorbaurd- yorbuezaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
yorbómist- yorbuezómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
yorbaseb- yorbüetaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
yorbauvek- yorbuezauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
yorbẽrgim- yorbuezẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
yorbesil- yorbüetésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
yorbósot-
yorbäffim-
yorbüetósot-
yorbuezäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
yorbaup- yorbuezaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
yorbäuvv- yorbuezäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
yorbproxim- yorbueśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
yorbíak- yorbuezíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
yorbault- yorbuezault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
yorbauload- yorbuezauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
yorbtranz- yorbueśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
yorbint- yorbuezint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
yorbintaup- yorbuezintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
yorbtug- yorbueśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
yorbtúgaup- yorbueśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
yorbtüvv- yorbueśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
yorbweg- yorbuezweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
yorbúlem- yorbuezúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
yorboantem- yorbuezoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
yorbprev- yorbueśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
yorbáprev- yorbuezáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
yorbond- yorbuezond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
yorberiv- yorbuezeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
yorbmoin- yorbueśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
yorbnend-
yorbausin-
yorbueśnend-
yorbüetausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
yorbaiv- yorbuezaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
yorbseul- yorbueśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
yorbaubog- yorbuezaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
yorbopon- yorbuezopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
yorbévit- yorbuezévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
yorbpótal- yorbueśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
yorbuslen- yorbüetúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
yorbmólen- yorbueśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
yorbomil- yorbuezomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
yorbnand- yorbueśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
yorbiz- yorbüetiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
yorbesit- yorbüetésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
yorboid- yorbuezoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
yorbausik- yorbüetausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
yorbaibem- yorbuezaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
yorbkuam- yorbueśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
yorbprin- yorbueśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
yorbar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕyorbar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
yorbavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
yorbantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
yorbantavar yorbavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
yorbasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
yorbaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
yorbábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
yorbámelar yorbeselar yorbúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
yorbaubilar yorbaisómar yorbaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
soulyorbar voulyorbar boulyorbar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
yorbait! féyorbait! naŕyorbait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
yorbaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
yorbaine yorbé
Participles
Present Past
yorbant yorbaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative yorbat nupéyorbat péyorbat pléyorbat féyorbat péféyorbat yorbaik
Negative naŕyorbat naŕnupéyorbat naŕpéyorbat naŕpléyorbat naŕféyorbat naŕpéféyorbat naŕyorbaik
Progressive
Affirmative yorbant nupéyorbant péyorbant pléyorbant féyorbant péféyorbant yorbantaik
Negative naŕyorbant naŕnupéyorbant naŕpéyorbant naŕpléyorbant naŕféyorbant naŕpéféyorbant naŕyorbantaik
Continuative
Affirmative yorbasant nupéyorbasant péyorbasant pléyorbasant féyorbasant péféyorbasant yorbasantaik
Negative naŕyorbasant naŕnupéyorbasant naŕpéyorbasant naŕpléyorbasant naŕféyorbasant naŕpéféyorbasant naŕyorbasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative yorbaijat nupéyorbaijat péyorbaijat pléyorbaijat féyorbaijat péféyorbaijat yorbaijaik
Negative naŕyorbaijat naŕnupéyorbaijat naŕpéyorbaijat naŕpléyorbaijat naŕféyorbaijat naŕpéféyorbaijat naŕyorbaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative yorbavat nupéyorbavat péyorbavat pléyorbavat féyorbavat péféyorbavat yorbavaik
Negative naŕyorbavat naŕnupéyorbavat naŕpéyorbavat naŕpléyorbavat naŕféyorbavat naŕpéféyorbavat naŕyorbavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative yorbantavat nupéyorbantavat péyorbantavat pléyorbantavat féyorbantavat péféyorbantavat yorbantavaik
Negative naŕyorbantavat naŕnupéyorbantavat naŕpéyorbantavat naŕpléyorbantavat naŕféyorbantavat naŕpéféyorbantavat naŕyorbantavaik
Adposition yorb
Morpheme family
None
Usage notes

Indicates that an object is in an inspecific location, such as in yorb le kũrve (around the bend), yorb l'aulme (around the house), and le joalausome yorbu (the best around). See also ad (at/to), hin/han/haun (here/there/yonder), sĩrkul (circle), and rúgol (ring).

This root takes a breve as Yŏrba when referring to Yorba Linda, California.

Added on: 2018-02-07, 05:28View semantic data
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yorb