Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/tug

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-tug- (Derivational Affixoid)ABCCategory:Roots Category:Affixes (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
Meaning: out, outside, outer, external; outsider; exessive case marker
(Gloss: out, outside / EXE) Category:Case markers
Etymology: From Duruwa -tug (ablative case suffix). (Mentioned in Andronov (2003), p. 133https://books.google.com/books?id=vhB60gYvnLgC.)

Morpheme length: 3 (G T U)gtu gtu Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: CVC • IPA: /tuːg/tuːgSyllables: 1 (tug)

Default word class: Adposition

Mutated forms (U11a)
Before next...
a tug b tüb ch tül d tüd
e tug f tüf g tug h tug
i tug j tüj k tük l tug
m tug n tug o tug p tüp
r tug s tüs t tüt u tug
v tüv w tug y tug z tüz
Before inz túg
Lexeme
Noun (Animate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Pan-gender
Regular
Singular túgo túga tugé
Plural túgos túgas tugés
Articulated
Definite Singular tuglo tugla tuglé
Plural tuglos tuglas tuglés
Indefinite Singular túguno túguna tuglé
Plural túgunos túgunas tuglés
Complex
Forms tüortug- tüartug- tug-
Offspring
Older Singular tugódro tugódra tugódré
Plural tugódros tugódras tugódrés
Younger Singular tugódredo tugódreda tugódrède
Plural tugódredos tugódredas tugódrèdes
Age
Juvenile Singular túgedo túgeda tugède
Plural túgedos túgedas tugèdes
Adolescent Singular túgeshoano túgeshoana túgeshoane
Plural túgeshoanos túgeshoanas túgeshoanes
Adult Singular túgeushelo túgeushela túgeushèle
Plural túgeushelos túgeushelas túgeushèles
Geriatric Singular túgeldo túgelda túgelde
Plural túgeldos túgeldas túgeldes
Size
Diminutive Singular túgeto
túgaubimo
túgeta
túgaubima
túgète
túgaubime
Plural túgetos
túgaubimos
túgetas
túgaubimas
túgètes
túgaubimes
Medial Singular túgeado
túgaubamo
túgeada
túgaubama
túgeade
túgaubame
Plural túgeados
túgaubamos
túgeadas
túgaubamas
túgeades
túgaubames
Augmentative Singular túgardo
túgaubaumo
túgarda
túgaubauma
túgarde
túgaubaume
Plural túgardos
túgaubaumos
túgardas
túgaubaumas
túgardes
túgaubaumes
Adjective
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive Singular túgi túgausmi túgausomi
Plural túgis túgausmis túgausomis
Negative Singular túgi túgeusmi túgeusomi
Plural túgis túgeusmis túgeusomis
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject tug- tug-s
túguez-
tug(üet/üer)-
Topic túgeun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
túgieb- túgieb-s
túguezieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
túgerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
túgad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
túgad- túguezad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
tugúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar tütt-(s)
Formal túgust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
túgoz- túgoz-s
túgüetoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
túgorz- túgorz-s
túgüetorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
tütten-
tüzzol-
túgueśten-
túguezzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
túgabuam- túguezabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
túgemek- túguezemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
túgútil- túguezútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
túgaurd- túguezaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
túgómist- túguezómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
túgaseb- túgüetaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
túgauvek- túguezauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
tugẽrgim- túguezẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
túgesil- túgüetésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
túgósot-
túgäffim-
túgüetósot-
túguezäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
túgaup- túguezaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
túgäuvv- túguezäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
tüpproxim- túgueśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
túgíak- túguezíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
túgault- túguezault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
túgauload- túguezauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
tüttranz- túgueśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
túgint- túguezint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
túgintaup- túguezintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
tüttug- túgueśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
tüttúgaup- túgueśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
tüttüvv- túgueśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
túgweg- túguezweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
túgúlem- túguezúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
túgoantem- túguezoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
tüpprev- túgueśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
túgáprev- túguezáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
túgond- túguezond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
túgeriv- túguezeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
túgmoin- túgueśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
túgnend-
túgausin-
túgueśnend-
túgüetausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
túgaiv- túguezaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
tüsseul- túgueśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
túgaubog- túguezaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
túgopon- túguezopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
túgévit- túguezévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
tüppótal- túgueśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
túguslen- túgüetúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
túgmólen- túgueśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
túgomil- túguezomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
túgnand- túgueśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
túgiz- túgüetiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
túgesit- túgüetésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
túgoid- túguezoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
túgausik- túgüetausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
túgaibem- túguezaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
tükkuam- túgueśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
tüpprin- túgueśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
túgar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕtúgar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
túgavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
túgantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
túgantavar túgavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
túgasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
túgaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
tugábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
tugámelar túgeselar tugúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
túgaubilar túgaisómar túgaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
soultúgar voultúgar boultúgar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
túgait! fétúgait! naŕtúgait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
túgaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
túgaine túgé
Participles
Present Past
túgant túgaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative túgat nupétúgat pétúgat plétúgat fétúgat péfétúgat túgaik
Negative naŕtúgat naŕnupétúgat naŕpétúgat naŕplétúgat naŕfétúgat naŕpéfétúgat naŕtúgaik
Progressive
Affirmative túgant nupétúgant pétúgant plétúgant fétúgant péfétúgant túgantaik
Negative naŕtúgant naŕnupétúgant naŕpétúgant naŕplétúgant naŕfétúgant naŕpéfétúgant naŕtúgantaik
Continuative
Affirmative túgasant nupétúgasant pétúgasant plétúgasant fétúgasant péfétúgasant túgasantaik
Negative naŕtúgasant naŕnupétúgasant naŕpétúgasant naŕplétúgasant naŕfétúgasant naŕpéfétúgasant naŕtúgasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative túgaijat nupétúgaijat pétúgaijat plétúgaijat fétúgaijat péfétúgaijat túgaijaik
Negative naŕtúgaijat naŕnupétúgaijat naŕpétúgaijat naŕplétúgaijat naŕfétúgaijat naŕpéfétúgaijat naŕtúgaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative túgavat nupétúgavat pétúgavat plétúgavat fétúgavat péfétúgavat túgavaik
Negative naŕtúgavat naŕnupétúgavat naŕpétúgavat naŕplétúgavat naŕfétúgavat naŕpéfétúgavat naŕtúgavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative túgantavat nupétúgantavat pétúgantavat plétúgantavat fétúgantavat péfétúgantavat túgantavaik
Negative naŕtúgantavat naŕnupétúgantavat naŕpétúgantavat naŕplétúgantavat naŕfétúgantavat naŕpéfétúgantavat naŕtúgantavaik
Adposition tug
Morpheme family
Usage notes

Indicates that the subject is outside a place or other object; also a prepositional verb. See also tüvv, túgaup, and aup (for going out), and weg (off the surface of an object).

Antonyms: int (in), intad (inside, within), and intaup (into).

False friend of English tug, or trag in Relformaide.
Duruwa is a Central Dravidian language spoken by the Dhurwa tribe of Chhattisgarh State in east-central India.

Added on: 2016-11-04, 18:37View semantic data
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tug