Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/t

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t- (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
Meaning: you (familiar), your (familiar), yours (familiar); vocative case marker (familiar)
(Gloss: 2.FAM, VOC.FAM) Category:Case markers
Etymology: From Latin tu. (Also present in French and Spanish.)

Morpheme length: 1 (T)t t Morpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: C • IPA: /t/tSyllables: 1 (t)

Default word class: Pronoun

Mutated forms (1k iii)

Before h/r/w/y or vowel: t • Before all other consonants: ti

Pronoun / Determiner
Inflections ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Pan-gender
Pre-vowel
Singular Subject (NOM) to ta t'
Object (ACC) tio tia tié ti(o/a/é) ń-
Indirect (DAT) tado tada tadé tad(o/a/é) ń-
Possessive Determiner (GEN) tozo toza tozé toz'
Possessive Determiner (POSS) torzo torza torzé torz'
Possessive Emphatic (GEN) sebtozo sebtoza sebtozé sebtoz'
Possessive Emphatic (POSS) sebtorzo sebtorza sebtorzé sebtorz'
Possessive Adjective (GEN) tüortozi tüartozi tozi tozi ń-
Possessive Adjective (POSS) tüortorzi tüartorzi torzi torzi ń-
Possessive Verb (GEN) tozaro tozara tozar tozar((o/a) ń-)
Possessive Verb (POSS) torzaro torzara torzar torzar((o/a) ń-)
Reflexive sebto sebta sebté sebt(o/a/é) ń-
Reflexive Emphatic séblito séblita séblité séblit(o/a/é) ń-
Plural Subject (NOM) tos tas tés
Object (ACC) tios tias tiés
Indirect (DAT) tados tadas tadés
Possessive Determiner (GEN) tozos tozas tozés
Possessive Determiner (POSS) torzos torzas torzés
Possessive Emphatic (GEN) sebtozos sebtozas sebtozés
Possessive Emphatic (POSS) sebtorzos sebtorzas sebtorzés
Possessive Adjective (GEN) tüortüetozi tüartüetozi tüetozi tüetozi ń-
Possessive Adjective (POSS) tüortüetorzi tüartüetorzi tüetorzi tüetorzi ń-
Possessive Verb (GEN) tüetozaro tüetozara tüetozar tüetozar((o/a) ń-)
Possessive Verb (POSS) tüetorzaro tüetorzara tüetorzar tüetorzar((o/a) ń-)
Reflexive sebtos sebtas sebtés
Reflexive Emphatic séblitos séblitas séblités
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Subject t- t-s
tuez-
t(üet/üer)-
Topic teun-(s)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
ti- ti-s
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
tieb- tieb-s
tuezieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
terij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
tad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
tad- tuezad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
túnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar t-(s)
Formal
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
toz- toz-s
tüetoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
torz- torz-s
tüetorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
titen-
tizol-
tueśten-
tuezzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
tabuam- tuezabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
temek- tuezemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
tútil- tuezútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
taurd- tuezaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
tómist- tuezómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
taseb- tüetaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
tauvek- tuezauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
tẽrgim- tuezẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
tesil- tüetésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
tósot-
täffim-
tüetósot-
tuezäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
taup- tuezaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
täuvv- tuezäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
tiproxim- tueśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
tíak- tuezíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
tault- tuezault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
tauload- tuezauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
titranz- tueśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
tint- tuezint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
tintaup- tuezintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
titug- tueśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
titúgaup- tueśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
titüvv- tueśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
tweg- tuezweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
túlem- tuezúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
toantem- tuezoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
tiprev- tueśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
táprev- tuezáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
tond- tuezond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
teriv- tuezeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
timoin- tueśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
tinend-
tausin-
tueśnend-
tüetausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
taiv- tuezaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
tiseul- tueśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
taubog- tuezaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
topon- tuezopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
tévit- tuezévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
tipótal- tueśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
tuslen- tüetúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
timólen- tueśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
tomil- tuezomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
tinand- tueśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
tiz- tüetiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
tesit- tüetésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
toid- tuezoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
tausik- tüetausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
taibem- tuezaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
tikuam- tueśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
tiprin- tueśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Morpheme family
Usage notes

Used to indicate that the addressee is a friend/relative of the speaker(s). Ust is reserved for cases when the addressee is a highly ranked person, or someone the speaker has just met. Also placed at the end of nouns as a vocative marker.

For the verb form, meaning "to address someone with the word thou" and chiefly used for literary purposes, see tizeg.

Relformaide pronoun stems

m (1st) • seulm (1st; excl. "we") • t (2nd fam.) • ust (2nd frml.) • lum (3rd) • selb (4th, subj.) • selbem (4th, obj.)

kíer/jíer (what) • kíen/jíen (who)

naul (none/nobody/no one) • kuilib (any/anybody/anyone) • un (one/some/someone/something) • ótrun (another) • peuv (few) • plũrim (several) • paulim (many) • plausom (most) • tout (all/everybody/everyone) • aiv (each) • shoar (each other) • daustan (enough)

Added in October 2016View semantic data
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