Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/stóstol

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stóstol- (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
Meaning: stutter, stammer
(Gloss: stutter, stammer)
Etymology: From Latvian stostīties. (Root formation reflects the characteristics of the speech impediment.)

Morpheme length: 7 (L O O S S T T)loosstt lost Morpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: CCVCCVC • IPA: /stoː.stol/stoː, stolSyllables: 2 (sto, stol)CCV, CCVC

Default word class: Noun

Mutated forms (1d)

Before root with l as second or later letter: stóstoŕ • Before inz: stóstól • Before all other morphemes: stóstol

Lexeme
Noun (Inanimate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Regular
Singular stóstolé
Plural stóstolés
Articulated
Definite Singular stóstollé
Plural stóstollés
Indefinite Singular stóstollé
Plural stóstollés
Size
Diminutive Singular stóstolète
Plural stóstolètes
Medial Singular stóstoleade
Plural stóstoleades
Augmentative Singular stóstolarde
Plural stóstolardes
Adjective
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Absolute Singular stóstoli
Plural stóstolis
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject stóstol- stóstol-s
stóstolouz-
stóstol(öut/öur)-
Topic stóstoleun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
stóstolieb- stóstolieb-s
stóstolouzieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
stóstolerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
stóstolad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
stóstolad- stóstolouzad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
stóstolúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar stóstolt-(s)
Formal stóstolust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
stóstoloz- stóstoloz-s
stóstolöutoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
stóstolorz- stóstolorz-s
stóstolöutorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
stóstolten-
stóstoŕzol-
stóstolouśten-
stóstolouzzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
stóstolabuam- stóstolouzabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
stóstolemek- stóstolouzemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
stóstoŕútil- stóstolouzútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
stóstolaurd- stóstolouzaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
stóstolómist- stóstolouzómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
stóstolaseb- stóstolöutaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
stóstolauvek- stóstolouzauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
stóstolẽrgim- stóstolouzẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
stóstoŕesil- stóstolöutésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
stóstolósot-
stóstoläffim-
stóstolöutósot-
stóstolouzäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
stóstolaup- stóstolouzaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
stóstoläuvv- stóstolouzäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
stóstolproxim- stóstolouśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
stóstolíak- stóstolouzíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
stóstoŕault- stóstolouzault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
stóstoŕauload- stóstolouzauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
stóstoltranz- stóstolouśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
stóstolint- stóstolouzint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
stóstolintaup- stóstolouzintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
stóstoltug- stóstolouśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
stóstoltúgaup- stóstolouśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
stóstoltüvv- stóstolouśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
stóstolweg- stóstolouzweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
stóstoŕúlem- stóstolouzúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
stóstoloantem- stóstolouzoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
stóstolprev- stóstolouśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
stóstoláprev- stóstolouzáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
stóstolond- stóstolouzond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
stóstoleriv- stóstolouzeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
stóstolmoin- stóstolouśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
stóstolnend-
stóstolausin-
stóstolouśnend-
stóstolöutausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
stóstolaiv- stóstolouzaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
stóstoŕseul- stóstolouśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
stóstolaubog- stóstolouzaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
stóstolopon- stóstolouzopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
stóstolévit- stóstolouzévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
stóstoŕpótal- stóstolouśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
stóstoŕuslen- stóstolöutúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
stóstoŕmólen- stóstolouśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
stóstoŕomil- stóstolouzomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
stóstolnand- stóstolouśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
stóstoliz- stóstolöutiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
stóstolesit- stóstolöutésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
stóstoloid- stóstolouzoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
stóstolausik- stóstolöutausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
stóstolaibem- stóstolouzaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
stóstolkuam- stóstolouśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
stóstolprin- stóstolouśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
stóstolar stóstolaidar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕstóstolar naŕstóstolaidar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
stóstolavar stóstolaidavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
stóstolantar stóstolaidantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
stóstolantavar stóstolavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
stóstolasantar stóstolaidasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
stóstolaijar stóstolaidaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
stóstoŕábilar stóstoŕaibilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
stóstoŕámelar stóstoŕeselar stóstolúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
stóstoŕaubilar stóstolaisómar stóstoŕaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
souŕstóstolar vouŕstóstolar bouŕstóstolar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
stóstolait! féstóstolait! naŕstóstolait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
féstóstolaide, féstóstolaidi stóstolaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
stóstolaine stóstolé
Participles
Present Past
stóstolant stóstolaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative stóstolat nupéstóstolat péstóstolat pléstóstolat féstóstolat péféstóstolat stóstolaik
Negative naŕstóstolat naŕnupéstóstolat naŕpéstóstolat naŕpléstóstolat naŕféstóstolat naŕpéféstóstolat naŕstóstolaik
Progressive
Affirmative stóstolant nupéstóstolant péstóstolant pléstóstolant féstóstolant péféstóstolant stóstolantaik
Negative naŕstóstolant naŕnupéstóstolant naŕpéstóstolant naŕpléstóstolant naŕféstóstolant naŕpéféstóstolant naŕstóstolantaik
Continuative
Affirmative stóstolasant nupéstóstolasant péstóstolasant pléstóstolasant féstóstolasant péféstóstolasant stóstolasantaik
Negative naŕstóstolasant naŕnupéstóstolasant naŕpéstóstolasant naŕpléstóstolasant naŕféstóstolasant naŕpéféstóstolasant naŕstóstolasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative stóstolaijat nupéstóstolaijat péstóstolaijat pléstóstolaijat féstóstolaijat péféstóstolaijat stóstolaijaik
Negative naŕstóstolaijat naŕnupéstóstolaijat naŕpéstóstolaijat naŕpléstóstolaijat naŕféstóstolaijat naŕpéféstóstolaijat naŕstóstolaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative stóstolavat nupéstóstolavat péstóstolavat pléstóstolavat féstóstolavat péféstóstolavat stóstolavaik
Negative naŕstóstolavat naŕnupéstóstolavat naŕpéstóstolavat naŕpléstóstolavat naŕféstóstolavat naŕpéféstóstolavat naŕstóstolavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative stóstolantavat nupéstóstolantavat péstóstolantavat pléstóstolantavat féstóstolantavat péféstóstolantavat stóstolantavaik
Negative naŕstóstolantavat naŕnupéstóstolantavat naŕpéstóstolantavat naŕpléstóstolantavat naŕféstóstolantavat naŕpéféstóstolantavat naŕstóstolantavaik
Passive Simple
Affirmative stóstolaidat nupéstóstolaidat péstóstolaidat pléstóstolaidat féstóstolaidat péféstóstolaidat stóstolaidaik
Negative naŕstóstolaidat naŕnupéstóstolaidat naŕpéstóstolaidat naŕpléstóstolaidat naŕféstóstolaidat naŕpéféstóstolaidat naŕstóstolaidaik
Passive Progressive
Affirmative stóstolaidant nupéstóstolaidant péstóstolaidant pléstóstolaidant féstóstolaidant péféstóstolaidant stóstolaidantaik
Negative naŕstóstolaidant naŕnupéstóstolaidant naŕpéstóstolaidant naŕpléstóstolaidant naŕféstóstolaidant naŕpéféstóstolaidant naŕstóstolaidantaik
Passive Prospective
Affirmative stóstolaidaijat nupéstóstolaidaijat péstóstolaidaijat pléstóstolaidaijat féstóstolaidaijat péféstóstolaidaijat stóstolaidaijaik
Negative naŕstóstolaidaijat naŕnupéstóstolaidaijat naŕpéstóstolaidaijat naŕpléstóstolaidaijat naŕféstóstolaidaijat naŕpéféstóstolaidaijat naŕstóstolaidaijaik
Passive Perfect
Affirmative stóstolaidavat nupéstóstolaidavat péstóstolaidavat pléstóstolaidavat féstóstolaidavat péféstóstolaidavat stóstolaidavaik
Negative naŕstóstolaidavat naŕnupéstóstolaidavat naŕpéstóstolaidavat naŕpléstóstolaidavat naŕféstóstolaidavat naŕpéféstóstolaidavat naŕstóstolaidavaik
Morpheme family
None
Usage notes

Notable as the trademark of Looney Tunes character Porky Pig.

Added on: 2017-09-05, 05:59View semantic data
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stostol