Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/spruv

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spruv- (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
Meaning: screw, screw in
(Gloss: screw)
Etymology: Blend of Ukrainian šurúp (шуру́п) and English screw.

Morpheme length: 5 (P R S U V)prsuv prsuv Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: CCCVC • IPA: /spɹuv/spɹuvSyllables: 1 (spruv)

Default word class: Verb

Mutated forms (6a)
Before next...
a spruv b spruɓ ch spruƒ d spruɖ
e spruv f spruƒ g spruɠ h spruv
i spruv j spruʝ k spruӄ l spruv
m spruv n spruv o spruv p spruþ
r spruv s spruƒ t spruƒ u spruv
v spruv w spruv y spruv z spruƒ
Before inz sprúv
Lexeme
Noun (Inanimate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Regular
Singular spruvé
Plural spruvés
Articulated
Definite Singular spruvlé
Plural spruvlés
Indefinite Singular spruvlé
Plural spruvlés
Size
Diminutive Singular spruvète
Plural spruvètes
Medial Singular spruveade
Plural spruveades
Augmentative Singular spruvarde
Plural spruvardes
Adjective
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Absolute Singular spruvi
Plural spruvis
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject spruv- spruv-s
spruvuez-
spruv(üet/üer)-
Topic spruveun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
spruvieb- spruvieb-s
spruvuezieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
spruverij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
spruvad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
spruvad- spruvuezad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
spruvúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar spruƒt-(s)
Formal spruvust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
spruvoz- spruvoz-s
spruvüetoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
spruvorz- spruvorz-s
spruvüetorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
spruƒten-
spruƒzol-
spruvueśten-
spruvuezzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
spruvabuam- spruvuezabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
spruvemek- spruvuezemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
spruvútil- spruvuezútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
spruvaurd- spruvuezaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
spruvómist- spruvuezómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
spruvaseb- spruvüetaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
spruvauvek- spruvuezauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
spruvẽrgim- spruvuezẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
spruvesil- spruvüetésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
spruvósot-
spruväffim-
spruvüetósot-
spruvuezäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
spruvaup- spruvuezaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
spruväuvv- spruvuezäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
spruþproxim- spruvueśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
spruvíak- spruvuezíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
spruvault- spruvuezault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
spruvauload- spruvuezauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
spruƒtranz- spruvueśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
spruvint- spruvuezint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
spruvintaup- spruvuezintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
spruƒtug- spruvueśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
spruƒtúgaup- spruvueśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
spruƒtüvv- spruvueśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
spruvweg- spruvuezweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
spruvúlem- spruvuezúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
spruvoantem- spruvuezoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
spruþprev- spruvueśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
spruváprev- spruvuezáprev-
Temporal During...
(TEMP)
spruvwob- spruvuezwob-
Limitative By (the time of)...
(LMT)
spruvmaurad- spruvueśmaurad-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
spruvond- spruvuezond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
spruveriv- spruvuezeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
spruvmoin- spruvueśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
spruvnend-
spruvausin-
spruvueśnend-
spruvüetausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
spruvaiv- spruvuezaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
spruƒseul- spruvueśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
spruvaubog- spruvuezaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
spruvopon- spruvuezopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
spruvévit- spruvuezévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
spruþpótal- spruvueśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
spruvuslen- spruvüetúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
spruvmólen- spruvueśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
spruvomil- spruvuezomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
spruvnand- spruvueśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
spruviz- spruvüetiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
spruvesit- spruvüetésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
spruvoid- spruvuezoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
spruvausik- spruvüetausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
spruvaibem- spruvuezaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
spruӄkuam- spruvueśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
spruþprin- spruvueśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
spruvar spruvaidar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕspruvar naŕspruvaidar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
spruvāvar spruvaidavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
spruvantar spruvaidantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
spruvantavar spruvāvantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
spruvasantar spruvaidasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
spruvaijar spruvaidaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
spruvábilar spruvaibilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
spruvámelar spruveselar spruvúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
spruvaubilar spruvaisómar spruvaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
soulspruvar voulspruvar boulspruvar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
spruvait! féspruvait! naŕspruvait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
féspruvaide, féspruvaidi spruvaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
spruvaine spruvé
Participles
Present Past
spruvant spruvaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative spruvat nupéspruvat péspruvat pléspruvat féspruvat péféspruvat spruvaik
Negative naŕspruvat naŕnupéspruvat naŕpéspruvat naŕpléspruvat naŕféspruvat naŕpéféspruvat naŕspruvaik
Progressive
Affirmative spruvant nupéspruvant péspruvant pléspruvant féspruvant péféspruvant spruvantaik
Negative naŕspruvant naŕnupéspruvant naŕpéspruvant naŕpléspruvant naŕféspruvant naŕpéféspruvant naŕspruvantaik
Continuative
Affirmative spruvasant nupéspruvasant péspruvasant pléspruvasant féspruvasant péféspruvasant spruvasantaik
Negative naŕspruvasant naŕnupéspruvasant naŕpéspruvasant naŕpléspruvasant naŕféspruvasant naŕpéféspruvasant naŕspruvasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative spruvaijat nupéspruvaijat péspruvaijat pléspruvaijat féspruvaijat péféspruvaijat spruvaijaik
Negative naŕspruvaijat naŕnupéspruvaijat naŕpéspruvaijat naŕpléspruvaijat naŕféspruvaijat naŕpéféspruvaijat naŕspruvaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative spruvāvat nupéspruvāvat péspruvāvat pléspruvāvat féspruvāvat péféspruvāvat spruvāvaik
Negative naŕspruvāvat naŕnupéspruvāvat naŕpéspruvāvat naŕpléspruvāvat naŕféspruvāvat naŕpéféspruvāvat naŕspruvāvaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative spruvantavat nupéspruvantavat péspruvantavat pléspruvantavat féspruvantavat péféspruvantavat spruvantavaik
Negative naŕspruvantavat naŕnupéspruvantavat naŕpéspruvantavat naŕpléspruvantavat naŕféspruvantavat naŕpéféspruvantavat naŕspruvantavaik
Passive Simple
Affirmative spruvaidat nupéspruvaidat péspruvaidat pléspruvaidat féspruvaidat péféspruvaidat spruvaidaik
Negative naŕspruvaidat naŕnupéspruvaidat naŕpéspruvaidat naŕpléspruvaidat naŕféspruvaidat naŕpéféspruvaidat naŕspruvaidaik
Passive Progressive
Affirmative spruvaidant nupéspruvaidant péspruvaidant pléspruvaidant féspruvaidant péféspruvaidant spruvaidantaik
Negative naŕspruvaidant naŕnupéspruvaidant naŕpéspruvaidant naŕpléspruvaidant naŕféspruvaidant naŕpéféspruvaidant naŕspruvaidantaik
Passive Prospective
Affirmative spruvaidaijat nupéspruvaidaijat péspruvaidaijat pléspruvaidaijat féspruvaidaijat péféspruvaidaijat spruvaidaijaik
Negative naŕspruvaidaijat naŕnupéspruvaidaijat naŕpéspruvaidaijat naŕpléspruvaidaijat naŕféspruvaidaijat naŕpéféspruvaidaijat naŕspruvaidaijaik
Passive Perfect
Affirmative spruvaidavat nupéspruvaidavat péspruvaidavat pléspruvaidavat féspruvaidavat péféspruvaidavat spruvaidavaik
Negative naŕspruvaidavat naŕnupéspruvaidavat naŕpéspruvaidavat naŕpléspruvaidavat naŕféspruvaidavat naŕpéféspruvaidavat naŕspruvaidavaik
Morpheme family
Usage notes

Refers to the fastening tool, as well as the colloquial term for "intercourse" (with or without -ach).

Derived term: sprúveand (screwdriver).

Added on: 2017-04-03, 12:07View semantic data
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spruv