Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/prev

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-prev- (Derivational Affixoid)ABCCategory:Roots Category:Affixes (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
Meaning: before, beforehand, prior, prior to, in advance, in front of; precede; previous, previously; precursive case marker
(Gloss: before / PCV) Category:Case markers
Etymology: From English pre- and Latin prae-. (Cf. English previous.)

Morpheme length: 4 (E P R V)eprv eprv Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: CCVC • IPA: /pɹɛv/pɹɛvSyllables: 1 (prev)

Default word class: Adposition

Mutated forms (6b)
Before next...
a prev b preɓ ch preƒ d preɖ
e prèv (tmsn.)
prev (root)
f preƒ g preɠ h prev
i prev j preʝ k preӄ l prev
m prev n prev o prev p preþ
r prev s preƒ t preƒ u prev
v prev w prev y prev z preƒ
Before inz prév
Lexeme
Noun (Inanimate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Regular
Singular prève
Plural prèves
Articulated
Definite Singular prevlé
Plural prevlés
Indefinite Singular prevlé
Plural prevlés
Size
Diminutive Singular prevète
Plural prevètes
Medial Singular preveade
Plural preveades
Augmentative Singular prevarde
Plural prevardes
Adjective
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Absolute Singular previ
Plural previs
Adverb
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive prevu
Negative
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject prev- prev-s
prevuez-
prev(üet/üer)-
Topic preveun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
previeb- previeb-s
prevuezieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
preverij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
prevad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
prevad- prevuezad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
prevúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar preƒt-(s)
Formal prevust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
prevoz- prevoz-s
prevüetoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
prevorz- prevorz-s
prevüetorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
preƒten-
preƒzol-
prevueśten-
prevuezzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
prevabuam- prevuezabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
prevemek- prevuezemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
prevútil- prevuezútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
prevaurd- prevuezaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
prevómist- prevuezómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
prevaseb- prevüetaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
prevauvek- prevuezauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
prevẽrgim- prevuezẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
prevesil- prevüetésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
prevósot-
preväffim-
prevüetósot-
prevuezäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
prevaup- prevuezaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
preväuvv- prevuezäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
preþproxim- prevueśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
prevíak- prevuezíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
prevault- prevuezault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
prevauload- prevuezauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
preƒtranz- prevueśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
prevint- prevuezint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
previntaup- prevuezintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
preƒtug- prevueśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
preƒtúgaup- prevueśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
preƒtüvv- prevueśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
prevweg- prevuezweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
prevúlem- prevuezúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
prevoantem- prevuezoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
preþprev- prevueśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
preváprev- prevuezáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
prevond- prevuezond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
preveriv- prevuezeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
prevmoin- prevueśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
prevnend-
prevausin-
prevueśnend-
prevüetausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
prevaiv- prevuezaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
preƒseul- prevueśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
prevaubog- prevuezaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
prevopon- prevuezopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
prevévit- prevuezévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
preþpótal- prevueśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
prevuslen- prevüetúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
prevmólen- prevueśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
prevomil- prevuezomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
prevnand- prevueśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
previz- prevüetiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
prevesit- prevüetésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
prevoid- prevuezoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
prevausik- prevüetausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
prevaibem- prevuezaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
preӄkuam- prevueśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
preþprin- prevueśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
prevar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕprevar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
prevāvar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
prevantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
prevantavar prevāvantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
prevasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
prevaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
prevábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
prevámelar preveselar prevúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
prevaubilar prevaisómar prevaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
soulprevar voulprevar boulprevar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
prevait! féprevait! naŕprevait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
prevaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
prevaine prève
Participles
Present Past
prevant prevaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative prevat nupéprevat péprevat pléprevat féprevat péféprevat prevaik
Negative naŕprevat naŕnupéprevat naŕpéprevat naŕpléprevat naŕféprevat naŕpéféprevat naŕprevaik
Progressive
Affirmative prevant nupéprevant péprevant pléprevant féprevant péféprevant prevantaik
Negative naŕprevant naŕnupéprevant naŕpéprevant naŕpléprevant naŕféprevant naŕpéféprevant naŕprevantaik
Continuative
Affirmative prevasant nupéprevasant péprevasant pléprevasant féprevasant péféprevasant prevasantaik
Negative naŕprevasant naŕnupéprevasant naŕpéprevasant naŕpléprevasant naŕféprevasant naŕpéféprevasant naŕprevasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative prevaijat nupéprevaijat péprevaijat pléprevaijat féprevaijat péféprevaijat prevaijaik
Negative naŕprevaijat naŕnupéprevaijat naŕpéprevaijat naŕpléprevaijat naŕféprevaijat naŕpéféprevaijat naŕprevaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative prevāvat nupéprevāvat péprevāvat pléprevāvat féprevāvat péféprevāvat prevāvaik
Negative naŕprevāvat naŕnupéprevāvat naŕpéprevāvat naŕpléprevāvat naŕféprevāvat naŕpéféprevāvat naŕprevāvaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative prevantavat nupéprevantavat péprevantavat pléprevantavat féprevantavat péféprevantavat prevantavaik
Negative naŕprevantavat naŕnupéprevantavat naŕpéprevantavat naŕpléprevantavat naŕféprevantavat naŕpéféprevantavat naŕprevantavaik
Adposition prev
Morpheme family
Usage notes

Coordinate with vuiz (before in sequence). See also frod (early in time).

Antonym: áprev (after).

The "PCV" abbreviation is borrowed from John Quijada's grammar of constructed language Ithkuil, § 4.6.8.

Added on: 2016-11-25, 06:54View semantic data
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prev