Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/pẽrd

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pẽrd- (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
Meaning: lose (a game or contest; time; a body part; a loved one); loss
(Gloss: lose)
Etymology: From French perdre and Spanish perder.

Morpheme length: 4 (D E P R)depr depr Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: CVCC • IPA: /pɝd/pɝdSyllables: 1 (pẽrd)

Default word class: Verb

Mutated forms (1b)
pẽrd
Lexeme
Noun (Inanimate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Regular
Singular pẽrdé
Plural pẽrdés
Articulated
Definite Singular pẽrdile
Plural pẽrdiles
Indefinite Singular pẽrdile
Plural pẽrdiles
Size
Diminutive Singular pẽrdète
Plural pẽrdètes
Medial Singular pẽrdeade
Plural pẽrdeades
Augmentative Singular pẽrdarde
Plural pẽrdardes
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject pẽrd- pẽrd-s
pẽrduez-
pẽrd(üet/üer)-
Topic pẽrdeun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
pẽrdieb- pẽrdieb-s
pẽrduezieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
pẽrderij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
pẽrdad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
pẽrdad- pẽrduezad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
pẽrdúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar pẽrdt-(s)
Formal pẽrdust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
pẽrdoz- pẽrdoz-s
pẽrdüetoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
pẽrdorz- pẽrdorz-s
pẽrdüetorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
pẽrdten-
pẽrdzol-
pẽrdueśten-
pẽrduezzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
pẽrdabuam- pẽrduezabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
pẽrdemek- pẽrduezemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
pẽrdútil- pẽrduezútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
pẽrdaurd- pẽrduezaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
pẽrdómist- pẽrduezómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
pẽrdaseb- pẽrdüetaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
pẽrdauvek- pẽrduezauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
pẽrdẽrgim- pẽrduezẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
pẽrdesil- pẽrdüetésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
pẽrdósot-
pẽrdäffim-
pẽrdüetósot-
pẽrduezäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
pẽrdaup- pẽrduezaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
pẽrdäuvv- pẽrduezäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
pẽrdproxim- pẽrdueśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
pẽrdíak- pẽrduezíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
pẽrdault- pẽrduezault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
pẽrdauload- pẽrduezauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
pẽrdtranz- pẽrdueśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
pẽrdint- pẽrduezint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
pẽrdintaup- pẽrduezintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
pẽrdtug- pẽrdueśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
pẽrdtúgaup- pẽrdueśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
pẽrdtüvv- pẽrdueśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
pẽrdweg- pẽrduezweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
pẽrdúlem- pẽrduezúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
pẽrdoantem- pẽrduezoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
pẽrdprev- pẽrdueśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
pẽrdáprev- pẽrduezáprev-
Temporal During...
(TEMP)
pẽrdwob- pẽrduezwob-
Limitative By (the time of)...
(LMT)
pẽrdmaurad- pẽrdueśmaurad-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
pẽrdond- pẽrduezond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
pẽrderiv- pẽrduezeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
pẽrdmoin- pẽrdueśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
pẽrdnend-
pẽrdausin-
pẽrdueśnend-
pẽrdüetausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
pẽrdaiv- pẽrduezaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
pẽrdseul- pẽrdueśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
pẽrdaubog- pẽrduezaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
pẽrdopon- pẽrduezopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
pẽrdévit- pẽrduezévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
pẽrdpótal- pẽrdueśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
pẽrduslen- pẽrdüetúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
pẽrdmólen- pẽrdueśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
pẽrdomil- pẽrduezomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
pẽrdnand- pẽrdueśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
pẽrdiz- pẽrdüetiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
pẽrdesit- pẽrdüetésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
pẽrdoid- pẽrduezoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
pẽrdausik- pẽrdüetausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
pẽrdaibem- pẽrduezaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
pẽrdkuam- pẽrdueśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
pẽrdprin- pẽrdueśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
pẽrdar pẽrdaidar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕpẽrdar naŕpẽrdaidar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
pẽrdavar pẽrdaidavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
pẽrdantar pẽrdaidantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
pẽrdantavar pẽrdavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
pẽrdasantar pẽrdaidasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
pẽrdaijar pẽrdaidaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
pẽrdábilar pẽrdaibilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
pẽrdámelar pẽrdeselar pẽrdúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
pẽrdaubilar pẽrdaisómar pẽrdaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
soulpẽrdar voulpẽrdar boulpẽrdar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
pẽrdait! fépẽrdait! naŕpẽrdait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
fépẽrdaide, fépẽrdaidi pẽrdaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
pẽrdaine pẽrdé
Participles
Present Past
pẽrdant pẽrdaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative pẽrdat nupépẽrdat pépẽrdat plépẽrdat fépẽrdat péfépẽrdat pẽrdaik
Negative naŕpẽrdat naŕnupépẽrdat naŕpépẽrdat naŕplépẽrdat naŕfépẽrdat naŕpéfépẽrdat naŕpẽrdaik
Progressive
Affirmative pẽrdant nupépẽrdant pépẽrdant plépẽrdant fépẽrdant péfépẽrdant pẽrdantaik
Negative naŕpẽrdant naŕnupépẽrdant naŕpépẽrdant naŕplépẽrdant naŕfépẽrdant naŕpéfépẽrdant naŕpẽrdantaik
Continuative
Affirmative pẽrdasant nupépẽrdasant pépẽrdasant plépẽrdasant fépẽrdasant péfépẽrdasant pẽrdasantaik
Negative naŕpẽrdasant naŕnupépẽrdasant naŕpépẽrdasant naŕplépẽrdasant naŕfépẽrdasant naŕpéfépẽrdasant naŕpẽrdasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative pẽrdaijat nupépẽrdaijat pépẽrdaijat plépẽrdaijat fépẽrdaijat péfépẽrdaijat pẽrdaijaik
Negative naŕpẽrdaijat naŕnupépẽrdaijat naŕpépẽrdaijat naŕplépẽrdaijat naŕfépẽrdaijat naŕpéfépẽrdaijat naŕpẽrdaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative pẽrdavat nupépẽrdavat pépẽrdavat plépẽrdavat fépẽrdavat péfépẽrdavat pẽrdavaik
Negative naŕpẽrdavat naŕnupépẽrdavat naŕpépẽrdavat naŕplépẽrdavat naŕfépẽrdavat naŕpéfépẽrdavat naŕpẽrdavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative pẽrdantavat nupépẽrdantavat pépẽrdantavat plépẽrdantavat fépẽrdantavat péfépẽrdantavat pẽrdantavaik
Negative naŕpẽrdantavat naŕnupépẽrdantavat naŕpépẽrdantavat naŕplépẽrdantavat naŕfépẽrdantavat naŕpéfépẽrdantavat naŕpẽrdantavaik
Passive Simple
Affirmative pẽrdaidat nupépẽrdaidat pépẽrdaidat plépẽrdaidat fépẽrdaidat péfépẽrdaidat pẽrdaidaik
Negative naŕpẽrdaidat naŕnupépẽrdaidat naŕpépẽrdaidat naŕplépẽrdaidat naŕfépẽrdaidat naŕpéfépẽrdaidat naŕpẽrdaidaik
Passive Progressive
Affirmative pẽrdaidant nupépẽrdaidant pépẽrdaidant plépẽrdaidant fépẽrdaidant péfépẽrdaidant pẽrdaidantaik
Negative naŕpẽrdaidant naŕnupépẽrdaidant naŕpépẽrdaidant naŕplépẽrdaidant naŕfépẽrdaidant naŕpéfépẽrdaidant naŕpẽrdaidantaik
Passive Prospective
Affirmative pẽrdaidaijat nupépẽrdaidaijat pépẽrdaidaijat plépẽrdaidaijat fépẽrdaidaijat péfépẽrdaidaijat pẽrdaidaijaik
Negative naŕpẽrdaidaijat naŕnupépẽrdaidaijat naŕpépẽrdaidaijat naŕplépẽrdaidaijat naŕfépẽrdaidaijat naŕpéfépẽrdaidaijat naŕpẽrdaidaijaik
Passive Perfect
Affirmative pẽrdaidavat nupépẽrdaidavat pépẽrdaidavat plépẽrdaidavat fépẽrdaidavat péfépẽrdaidavat pẽrdaidavaik
Negative naŕpẽrdaidavat naŕnupépẽrdaidavat naŕpépẽrdaidavat naŕplépẽrdaidavat naŕfépẽrdaidavat naŕpéfépẽrdaidavat naŕpẽrdaidavaik
Morpheme family
Usage notes

Used primarily in the context of sports, games, contests, and other competitions; also denotes that the subject has lost a part of the body through an accident or otherwise, or has wasted time. Also found in colloquial expressions such as esenpẽrd (losing it). For situations involving misplaced items, see shimúbel.

Antonyms: vanz (win at competitions), vink (victory), trouv (found items).

Added on: 2016-11-05, 00:12View semantic data
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