Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/ond

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-ond- (Derivational Suffixoid)ABCCategory:Roots Category:Affixes (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
(Post-vowel: ńond-)
Meaning: without, lacking; empty, void, deficient, devoid, free of, bereft; lack (v); -less, -free; abessive case marker
(Gloss: without, lack / ABE) Category:Case markers
Etymology: From Bondum Dogon òndú. (Found at PanLex's PanLinx.)

Morpheme length: 3 (D N O)dno dno Category:Isogram morphemes Category:Zyxarian morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: VCC • IPA: /ond/ondSyllables: 1 (ond)

Default word class: Adposition

Mutated forms (U1b)
Before next...
a ond b önb ch önn d ond
e ond f önf g öng h ond
i ond j önj k önk l ond
m ond n ond o ond p önp
r ond s öns t önt u ond
v önv w ond y ond z önz
Lexeme
Noun (Animate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Pan-gender
Regular
Singular ondo onda onde
Plural ondos ondas ondes
Articulated
Definite Singular ondlo ondla ondile
Plural ondlos ondlas ondiles
Indefinite Singular onduno onduna ondile
Plural ondunos ondunas ondiles
Complex
Forms tuomond- tuamond- ond-
Offspring
Older Singular ondódro ondódra ondódré
Plural ondódros ondódras ondódrés
Younger Singular ondódredo ondódreda ondódrède
Plural ondódredos ondódredas ondódrèdes
Age
Newborn Singular ondebo ondeba ondèbe
Plural ondebos ondebas ondèbes
Juvenile Singular ondedo ondeda ondède
Plural ondedos ondedas ondèdes
Adolescent Singular ondeshoano ondeshoana ondeshoane
Plural ondeshoanos ondeshoanas ondeshoanes
Adult Singular ondeushelo ondeushela ondeushèle
Plural ondeushelos ondeushelas ondeushèles
Geriatric Singular ondeldo ondelda ondelde
Plural ondeldos ondeldas ondeldes
Size
Diminutive Singular ondeto
ondaubimo
ondeta
ondaubima
ondète
ondaubime
Plural ondetos
ondaubimos
ondetas
ondaubimas
ondètes
ondaubimes
Medial Singular ondeado
ondaubamo
ondeada
ondaubama
ondeade
ondaubame
Plural ondeados
ondaubamos
ondeadas
ondaubamas
ondeades
ondaubames
Augmentative Singular ondardo
ondaubaumo
ondarda
ondaubauma
ondarde
ondaubaume
Plural ondardos
ondaubaumos
ondardas
ondaubaumas
ondardes
ondaubaumes
Adjective
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive Singular ondi ondausmi ondausomi
Plural ondis ondausmis ondausomis
Negative Singular ondi ondeusmi ondeusomi
Plural ondis ondeusmis ondeusomis
Adverb
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive ondu
Negative
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject ond- ond-s
onduez-
ond(üet/üer)-
Topic ondeun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
ondieb- ondieb-s
onduezieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
onderij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
ondad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
ondad- onduezad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
ondúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar öntt-(s)
Formal ondust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
ondoz- ondoz-s
ondüetoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
ondorz- ondorz-s
ondüetorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
öntten-
önzzol-
ondueśten-
onduezzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
ondabuam- onduezabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
ondemek- onduezemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
ondútil- onduezútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
ondaurd- onduezaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
ondómist- onduezómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
ondaseb- ondüetaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
ondauvek- onduezauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
ondẽrgim- onduezẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
ondesil- ondüetésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
ondósot-
ondäffim-
ondüetósot-
onduezäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
ondaup- onduezaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
ondäuvv- onduezäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
önpproxim- ondueśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
ondíak- onduezíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
ondault- onduezault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
ondauload- onduezauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
önttranz- ondueśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
ondint- onduezint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
ondintaup- onduezintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
önttug- ondueśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
önttúgaup- ondueśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
önttüvv- ondueśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
ondweg- onduezweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
ondúlem- onduezúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
ondoantem- onduezoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
önpprev- ondueśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
ondáprev- onduezáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
ondond- onduezond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
onderiv- onduezeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
ondmoin- ondueśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
ondnend-
ondausin-
ondueśnend-
ondüetausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
ondaiv- onduezaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
önsseul- ondueśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
ondaubog- onduezaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
ondopon- onduezopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
ondévit- onduezévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
önppótal- ondueśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
onduslen- ondüetúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
ondmólen- ondueśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
ondomil- onduezomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
ondnand- ondueśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
ondiz- ondüetiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
ondesit- ondüetésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
ondoid- onduezoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
ondausik- ondüetausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
ondaibem- onduezaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
önkkuam- ondueśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
önpprin- ondueśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
ondar
Negative Active Negative Passive
nalondar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
ondavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
ondantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
ondantavar ondavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
ondasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
ondaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
ondábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
ondámelar ondeselar ondúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
ondaubilar ondaisómar ondaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
soulondar voulondar boulondar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
ondait! ferondait! nalondait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
ondaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
ondaine ondé
Participles
Present Past
ondant ondaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative ondat nuperondat perondat plerondat ferondat péferondat ondaik
Negative nalondat naŕnuperondat naŕperondat naŕplerondat naŕferondat naŕpéferondat nalondaik
Progressive
Affirmative ondant nuperondant perondant plerondant ferondant péferondant ondantaik
Negative nalondant naŕnuperondant naŕperondant naŕplerondant naŕferondant naŕpéferondant nalondantaik
Continuative
Affirmative ondasant nuperondasant perondasant plerondasant ferondasant péferondasant ondasantaik
Negative nalondasant naŕnuperondasant naŕperondasant naŕplerondasant naŕferondasant naŕpéferondasant nalondasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative ondaijat nuperondaijat perondaijat plerondaijat ferondaijat péferondaijat ondaijaik
Negative nalondaijat naŕnuperondaijat naŕperondaijat naŕplerondaijat naŕferondaijat naŕpéferondaijat nalondaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative ondavat nuperondavat perondavat plerondavat ferondavat péferondavat ondavaik
Negative nalondavat naŕnuperondavat naŕperondavat naŕplerondavat naŕferondavat naŕpéferondavat nalondavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative ondantavat nuperondantavat perondantavat plerondantavat ferondantavat péferondantavat ondantavaik
Negative nalondantavat naŕnuperondantavat naŕperondantavat naŕplerondantavat naŕferondantavat naŕpéferondantavat nalondantavaik
Adposition ond
Morpheme family
Usage notes

The noun and verb mean "lack ([of] something)"; the adjective, "lacking"/"without"; and the adverb and preposition, "without". As a productive suffixoid, equivalent to English -less or -free.

For the verb meaning "empty out", see ondinz. See also eriv (erase/delete/deprive [of]/remove), nid (no), nem-/nal (negation), naul (zero [0]), mal (quality-/emotion-based words), ver (reverse/backwards), and moin (but/except/minus).

Antonym: ten (with/having).

False friend of English owned, or zol in Relformaide.

Added in October 2016View semantic data
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