Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/nend

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-nend- (Inflectional Suffixoid)ABCCategory:Roots Category:Affixes (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
Meaning: in addition to, as well as, plus; and, too; addition, supplement, annex, appendix; additional, supplemental; also, as well, in addition, add; plus sign (+); ampersand (&); inclusive case marker
(Gloss: add, and, plus / INCL) Category:Case markers
Etymology: From Bukusu nenda. (Found at PanLex's PanLinx.)

Morpheme length: 4 (D E N N)denn den Morpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: CVCC • IPA: /nɛnd/nɛndSyllables: 1 (nend)

Default word class: Conjunction

Mutated forms (U1b)
Before next...
a nend b nënb ch nënn d nend
e nend f nënf g nëng h nend
i nend j nënj k nënk l nend
m nend n nend o nend p nënp
r nend s nëns t nënt u nend
v nënv w nend y nend z nënz
Lexeme
Noun (Inanimate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Regular
Singular nendé
Plural nendés
Articulated
Definite Singular nendile
Plural nendiles
Indefinite Singular nendile
Plural nendiles
Size
Diminutive Singular nendète
Plural nendètes
Medial Singular nendeade
Plural nendeades
Augmentative Singular nendarde
Plural nendardes
Adjective
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Absolute Singular nendi
Plural nendis
Adverb
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive nendu
Negative
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject nend- nend-s
nenduez-
nend(üet/üer)-
Topic nendeun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
nendieb- nendieb-s
nenduezieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
nenderij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
nendad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
nendad- nenduezad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
nendúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar nëntt-(s)
Formal nendust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
nendoz- nendoz-s
nendüetoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
nendorz- nendorz-s
nendüetorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
nëntten-
nënzzol-
nendueśten-
nenduezzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
nendabuam- nenduezabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
nendemek- nenduezemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
nendútil- nenduezútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
nendaurd- nenduezaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
nendómist- nenduezómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
nendaseb- nendüetaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
nendauvek- nenduezauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
nendẽrgim- nenduezẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
nendesil- nendüetésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
nendósot-
nendäffim-
nendüetósot-
nenduezäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
nendaup- nenduezaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
nendäuvv- nenduezäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
nënpproxim- nendueśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
nendíak- nenduezíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
nendault- nenduezault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
nendauload- nenduezauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
nënttranz- nendueśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
nendint- nenduezint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
nendintaup- nenduezintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
nënttug- nendueśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
nënttúgaup- nendueśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
nënttüvv- nendueśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
nendweg- nenduezweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
nendúlem- nenduezúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
nendoantem- nenduezoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
nënpprev- nendueśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
nendáprev- nenduezáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
nendond- nenduezond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
nenderiv- nenduezeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
nendmoin- nendueśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
nendnend-
nendausin-
nendueśnend-
nendüetausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
nendaiv- nenduezaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
nënsseul- nendueśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
nendaubog- nenduezaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
nendopon- nenduezopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
nendévit- nenduezévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
nënppótal- nendueśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
nenduslen- nendüetúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
nendmólen- nendueśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
nendomil- nenduezomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
nendnand- nendueśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
nendiz- nendüetiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
nendesit- nendüetésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
nendoid- nenduezoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
nendausik- nendüetausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
nendaibem- nenduezaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
nënkkuam- nendueśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
nënpprin- nendueśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
nendar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕnendar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
nendavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
nendantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
nendantavar nendavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
nendasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
nendaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
nendábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
nendámelar nendeselar nendúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
nendaubilar nendaisómar nendaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
soulnendar voulnendar boulnendar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
nendait! fénendait! naŕnendait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
nendaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
nendaine nendé
Participles
Present Past
nendant nendaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative nendat nupénendat pénendat plénendat fénendat péfénendat nendaik
Negative naŕnendat naŕnupénendat naŕpénendat naŕplénendat naŕfénendat naŕpéfénendat naŕnendaik
Progressive
Affirmative nendant nupénendant pénendant plénendant fénendant péfénendant nendantaik
Negative naŕnendant naŕnupénendant naŕpénendant naŕplénendant naŕfénendant naŕpéfénendant naŕnendantaik
Continuative
Affirmative nendasant nupénendasant pénendasant plénendasant fénendasant péfénendasant nendasantaik
Negative naŕnendasant naŕnupénendasant naŕpénendasant naŕplénendasant naŕfénendasant naŕpéfénendasant naŕnendasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative nendaijat nupénendaijat pénendaijat plénendaijat fénendaijat péfénendaijat nendaijaik
Negative naŕnendaijat naŕnupénendaijat naŕpénendaijat naŕplénendaijat naŕfénendaijat naŕpéfénendaijat naŕnendaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative nendavat nupénendavat pénendavat plénendavat fénendavat péfénendavat nendavaik
Negative naŕnendavat naŕnupénendavat naŕpénendavat naŕplénendavat naŕfénendavat naŕpéfénendavat naŕnendavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative nendantavat nupénendantavat pénendantavat plénendantavat fénendantavat péfénendantavat nendantavaik
Negative naŕnendantavat naŕnupénendantavat naŕpénendantavat naŕplénendantavat naŕfénendantavat naŕpéfénendantavat naŕnendantavaik
Adposition /
Conjunction
nend
Morpheme family
Usage notes

The conjunction is the general "and"; the adposition corresponds to the mathematical symbol "+" (plus); and the adverb means "also"/"too". Functions à la Latin -que when attached after a root.

Synonymous with ausin (including) and intinz (insert). Causative verb: nendinz (increase). See also plausm (more).

Bukusu is a dialect of the Masaba language, and is spoken by the eponymous tribe of the Luhya people of western Kenya.

Mathematical symbols in Relformaide
shúmeŕailharf (mathematical symbol)
nend (+) • moin (-) • raz (×) • puem (÷) • aibem (=)
Added in October 2016View semantic data
A

nend