Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/merul

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merul- (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
Meaning: dive
(Gloss: dive)
Etymology: From Hungarian merül. (Found at PanLex's PanLinx. [Root creation influenced by French mer (sea). Also cf. Portuguese mergulhar.])

Morpheme length: 5 (E L M R U)elmru elmru Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: CVCVC • IPA: /mɛ.ɹuːl/mɛ, ɹuːlSyllables: 2 (me, rul)CV, CVC

Default word class: Verb

Mutated forms (1d)

Before root with l as second or later letter: meruŕ • Before unaccented vowels: merúl • Before all other morphemes: merul

Lexeme
Noun (Inanimate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Regular
Singular merule
Plural merules
Articulated
Definite Singular merullé
Plural merullés
Indefinite Singular merullé
Plural merullés
Size
Diminutive Singular merúlète
Plural merúlètes
Medial Singular merúleade
Plural merúleades
Augmentative Singular merúlarde
Plural merúlardes
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject merul- merul-s
merúlouz-
merul(öut/öur)-
Topic merúleun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
merúlieb- merúlieb-s
merúlouzieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
merúlerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
merúlad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
merúlad- merúlouzad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
merulúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar merult-(s)
Formal merúlust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
merúloz- merúloz-s
merúlöutoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
merúlorz- merúlorz-s
merúlöutorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
merúlten-
meruŕzol-
merúlouśten-
merúlouzzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
merúlabuam- merúlouzabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
merúlemek- merúlouzemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
merúŕútil- merúlouzútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
merúlaurd- merúlouzaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
merúlómist- merúlouzómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
merúlaseb- merúlöutaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
merúlauvek- merúlouzauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
merúlẽrgim- merúlouzẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
merúŕesil- merúlöutésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
merúlósot-
merúläffim-
merúlöutósot-
merúlouzäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
merúlaup- merúlouzaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
merúläuvv- merúlouzäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
merúlproxim- merúlouśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
merúlíak- merúlouzíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
merúŕault- merúlouzault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
merúŕauload- merúlouzauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
merúltranz- merúlouśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
merúlint- merúlouzint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
merúlintaup- merúlouzintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
merúltug- merúlouśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
merúltúgaup- merúlouśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
merúltüvv- merúlouśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
merúlweg- merúlouzweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
merúŕúlem- merúlouzúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
merúloantem- merúlouzoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
merúlprev- merúlouśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
merúláprev- merúlouzáprev-
Temporal During...
(TEMP)
merúlwob- merúlouzwob-
Limitative By (the time of)...
(LMT)
merúlmaurad- merúlouśmaurad-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
merúlond- merúlouzond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
merúleriv- merúlouzeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
merúlmoin- merúlouśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
merúlnend-
merúlausin-
merúlouśnend-
merúlöutausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
merúlaiv- merúlouzaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
meruŕseul- merúlouśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
merúlaubog- merúlouzaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
merúlopon- merúlouzopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
merúlévit- merúlouzévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
meruŕpótal- merúlouśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
merúŕuslen- merúlöutúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
meruŕmólen- merúlouśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
merúŕomil- merúlouzomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
merúlnand- merúlouśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
merúliz- merúlöutiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
merúlesit- merúlöutésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
merúloid- merúlouzoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
merúlausik- merúlöutausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
merúlaibem- merúlouzaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
merúlkuam- merúlouśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
merúlprin- merúlouśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
merúlar merúlaidar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕmerúlar naŕmerúlaidar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
merúlavar merúlaidavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
merúlantar merúlaidantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
merúlantavar merúlavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
merúlasantar merúlaidasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
merúlaijar merúlaidaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
merúŕábilar merúŕaibilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
merúŕámelar merúŕeselar merulúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
merúŕaubilar merúlaisómar merúŕaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
souŕmerúlar vouŕmerúlar bouŕmerúlar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
merúlait! fémerúlait! naŕmerúlait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
fémerúlaide, fémerúlaidi merúlaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
merúlaine merúlé
Participles
Present Past
merúlant merúlaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative merúlat nupémerúlat pémerúlat plémerúlat fémerúlat péfémerúlat merúlaik
Negative naŕmerúlat naŕnupémerúlat naŕpémerúlat naŕplémerúlat naŕfémerúlat naŕpéfémerúlat naŕmerúlaik
Progressive
Affirmative merúlant nupémerúlant pémerúlant plémerúlant fémerúlant péfémerúlant merúlantaik
Negative naŕmerúlant naŕnupémerúlant naŕpémerúlant naŕplémerúlant naŕfémerúlant naŕpéfémerúlant naŕmerúlantaik
Continuative
Affirmative merúlasant nupémerúlasant pémerúlasant plémerúlasant fémerúlasant péfémerúlasant merúlasantaik
Negative naŕmerúlasant naŕnupémerúlasant naŕpémerúlasant naŕplémerúlasant naŕfémerúlasant naŕpéfémerúlasant naŕmerúlasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative merúlaijat nupémerúlaijat pémerúlaijat plémerúlaijat fémerúlaijat péfémerúlaijat merúlaijaik
Negative naŕmerúlaijat naŕnupémerúlaijat naŕpémerúlaijat naŕplémerúlaijat naŕfémerúlaijat naŕpéfémerúlaijat naŕmerúlaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative merúlavat nupémerúlavat pémerúlavat plémerúlavat fémerúlavat péfémerúlavat merúlavaik
Negative naŕmerúlavat naŕnupémerúlavat naŕpémerúlavat naŕplémerúlavat naŕfémerúlavat naŕpéfémerúlavat naŕmerúlavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative merúlantavat nupémerúlantavat pémerúlantavat plémerúlantavat fémerúlantavat péfémerúlantavat merúlantavaik
Negative naŕmerúlantavat naŕnupémerúlantavat naŕpémerúlantavat naŕplémerúlantavat naŕfémerúlantavat naŕpéfémerúlantavat naŕmerúlantavaik
Passive Simple
Affirmative merúlaidat nupémerúlaidat pémerúlaidat plémerúlaidat fémerúlaidat péfémerúlaidat merúlaidaik
Negative naŕmerúlaidat naŕnupémerúlaidat naŕpémerúlaidat naŕplémerúlaidat naŕfémerúlaidat naŕpéfémerúlaidat naŕmerúlaidaik
Passive Progressive
Affirmative merúlaidant nupémerúlaidant pémerúlaidant plémerúlaidant fémerúlaidant péfémerúlaidant merúlaidantaik
Negative naŕmerúlaidant naŕnupémerúlaidant naŕpémerúlaidant naŕplémerúlaidant naŕfémerúlaidant naŕpéfémerúlaidant naŕmerúlaidantaik
Passive Prospective
Affirmative merúlaidaijat nupémerúlaidaijat pémerúlaidaijat plémerúlaidaijat fémerúlaidaijat péfémerúlaidaijat merúlaidaijaik
Negative naŕmerúlaidaijat naŕnupémerúlaidaijat naŕpémerúlaidaijat naŕplémerúlaidaijat naŕfémerúlaidaijat naŕpéfémerúlaidaijat naŕmerúlaidaijaik
Passive Perfect
Affirmative merúlaidavat nupémerúlaidavat pémerúlaidavat plémerúlaidavat fémerúlaidavat péfémerúlaidavat merúlaidavaik
Negative naŕmerúlaidavat naŕnupémerúlaidavat naŕpémerúlaidavat naŕplémerúlaidavat naŕfémerúlaidavat naŕpéfémerúlaidavat naŕmerúlaidavaik
Morpheme family
Hyponym of
noagelProject:Roots/noagel (swim)
Usage notes

See also pluf (splash) and plaunj (plunge).

Related terms: skoub (scuba), snorkel.

Added on: 2018-02-06, 06:52View semantic data
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merul