Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/kruz

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kruz- (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
Meaning: cross; dagger (†)
(Gloss: formaid)
Etymology: From Spanish/Portuguese cruz. (Cf. Latin crux, French croix, and various other Indo-European cognates.)

Morpheme length: 4 (K R U Z)kruz kruz Category:Isogram morphemes Category:Abecedarian morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: CCVC • IPA: /kɹuz/kɹuzSyllables: 1 (kruz)

Default word class: Noun

Mutated forms (3a i)
Before next...
a kruz b kruzoṛ ch kruś d kruzoṛ
e kruz f kruzoṛ g kruzoṛ h kruś
i kruz j kruzoṛ k kruś l kruz
m kruś n kruś o kruz p kruś
r kruz s kruś t kruś u kruz
v kruzoṛ w kruz y kruz z kruz
Before morpheme with s or z in second syllable, or as second or later letter kruēt
Lexeme
Noun (Inanimate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Regular
Singular kruze
Plural kruzes
Articulated
Definite Singular kruzile
Plural kruziles
Indefinite Singular kruzile
Plural kruziles
Size
Diminutive Singular kruzète
Plural kruzètes
Medial Singular kruzeade
Plural kruzeades
Augmentative Singular kruzarde
Plural kruzardes
Adjective
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Absolute Singular kruzi
Plural kruzis
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject kruz- kruz-s
kruz(üet/üer)-
Topic kruzeun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
kruzieb- kruzieb-s
kruētuezieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
kruzerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
kruzad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
kruzad- kruētuezad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
kruzúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar kruśt-(s)
Formal kruētust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
kruētoz- kruētoz-s
kruētüetoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
kruētorz- kruētorz-s
kruētüetorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
kruśten-
kruzzol-
kruētueśten-
kruētuezzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
kruzabuam- kruētuezabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
kruzemek- kruētuezemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
kruzútil- kruētuezútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
kruzaurd- kruētuezaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
kruzómist- kruētuezómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
kruētaseb- kruētüetaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
kruzauvek- kruētuezauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
kruzẽrgim- kruētuezẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
kruētesil- kruētüetésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
kruētósot-
kruzäffim-
kruētüetósot-
kruētuezäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
kruzaup- kruētuezaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
kruzäuvv- kruētuezäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
kruśproxim- kruētueśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
kruzíak- kruētuezíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
kruzault- kruētuezault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
kruzauload- kruētuezauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
kruśtranz- kruētueśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
kruzint- kruētuezint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
kruzintaup- kruētuezintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
kruśtug- kruētueśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
kruśtúgaup- kruētueśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
kruśtüvv- kruētueśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
kruzweg- kruētuezweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
kruzúlem- kruētuezúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
kruzoantem- kruētuezoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
kruśprev- kruētueśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
kruzáprev- kruētuezáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
kruzond- kruētuezond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
kruzeriv- kruētuezeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
kruśmoin- kruētueśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
kruśnend-
kruētausin-
kruētueśnend-
kruētüetausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
kruzaiv- kruētuezaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
kruśseul- kruētueśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
kruzaubog- kruētuezaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
kruzopon- kruētuezopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
kruzévit- kruētuezévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
kruśpótal- kruētueśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
kruētuslen- kruētüetúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
kruśmólen- kruētueśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
kruzomil- kruētuezomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
kruśnand- kruētueśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
kruētiz- kruētüetiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
kruētesit- kruētüetésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
kruzoid- kruētuezoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
kruētausik- kruētüetausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
kruzaibem- kruētuezaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
kruśkuam- kruētueśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
kruśprin- kruētueśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Morpheme family
Usage notes

For the sense of "angry", see broig.

Derived term: jalankruz (crossroads/intersection).

Added on: 2017-03-23, 04:56View semantic data
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kruz