Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/hilb

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hilb- (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
Meaning: hail
(Gloss: hail)
Etymology: From Danish hil.

Morpheme length: 4 (B H I L)bhil bhil Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: CVCC • IPA: /hɪlb/hɪlbSyllables: 1 (hilb)

Default word class: Verb

Mutated forms (7a)
Before next...
a hilb b hilb ch hilb d hilb
e hilb f hilb g hilboṛ h hilb
i hilb j hilb k hilb l hilb
m hilb n hilb o hilb p hilb
r hilb s hilb t hilb u hilb
v hilb w hilb y hilb z hilb
Lexeme
Noun (Inanimate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Regular
Singular hilbe
Plural hilbes
Articulated
Definite Singular hilblé
Plural hilblés
Indefinite Singular hilblé
Plural hilblés
Size
Diminutive Singular hilbète
Plural hilbètes
Medial Singular hilbeade
Plural hilbeades
Augmentative Singular hilbarde
Plural hilbardes
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject hilb- hilb-s
hilbuez-
hilb(üet/üer)-
Topic hilbeun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
hilbieb- hilbieb-s
hilbuezieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
hilberij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
hilbad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
hilbad- hilbuezad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
hilbúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar hilbt-(s)
Formal hilbust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
hilboz- hilboz-s
hilbüetoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
hilborz- hilborz-s
hilbüetorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
hilbten-
hilbzol-
hilbueśten-
hilbuezzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
hilbabuam- hilbuezabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
hilbemek- hilbuezemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
hilbútil- hilbuezútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
hilbaurd- hilbuezaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
hilbómist- hilbuezómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
hilbaseb- hilbüetaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
hilbauvek- hilbuezauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
hilbẽrgim- hilbuezẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
hilbesil- hilbüetésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
hilbósot-
hilbäffim-
hilbüetósot-
hilbuezäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
hilbaup- hilbuezaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
hilbäuvv- hilbuezäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
hilbproxim- hilbueśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
hilbíak- hilbuezíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
hilbault- hilbuezault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
hilbauload- hilbuezauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
hilbtranz- hilbueśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
hilbint- hilbuezint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
hilbintaup- hilbuezintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
hilbtug- hilbueśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
hilbtúgaup- hilbueśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
hilbtüvv- hilbueśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
hilbweg- hilbuezweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
hilbúlem- hilbuezúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
hilboantem- hilbuezoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
hilbprev- hilbueśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
hilbáprev- hilbuezáprev-
Temporal During...
(TEMP)
hilbwob- hilbuezwob-
Limitative By (the time of)...
(LMT)
hilbmaurad- hilbueśmaurad-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
hilbond- hilbuezond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
hilberiv- hilbuezeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
hilbmoin- hilbueśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
hilbnend-
hilbausin-
hilbueśnend-
hilbüetausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
hilbaiv- hilbuezaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
hilbseul- hilbueśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
hilbaubog- hilbuezaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
hilbopon- hilbuezopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
hilbévit- hilbuezévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
hilbpótal- hilbueśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
hilbuslen- hilbüetúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
hilbmólen- hilbueśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
hilbomil- hilbuezomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
hilbnand- hilbueśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
hilbiz- hilbüetiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
hilbesit- hilbüetésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
hilboid- hilbuezoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
hilbausik- hilbüetausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
hilbaibem- hilbuezaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
hilbkuam- hilbueśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
hilbprin- hilbueśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
hilbar hilbaidar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕhilbar naŕhilbaidar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
hilbavar hilbaidavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
hilbantar hilbaidantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
hilbantavar hilbavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
hilbasantar hilbaidasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
hilbaijar hilbaidaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
hilbábilar hilbaibilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
hilbámelar hilbeselar hilbúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
hilbaubilar hilbaisómar hilbaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
souŕhilbar vouŕhilbar bouŕhilbar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
hilbait! féhilbait! naŕhilbait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
féhilbaide, féhilbaidi hilbaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
hilbaine hilbé
Participles
Present Past
hilbant hilbaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative hilbat nupéhilbat péhilbat pléhilbat féhilbat péféhilbat hilbaik
Negative naŕhilbat naŕnupéhilbat naŕpéhilbat naŕpléhilbat naŕféhilbat naŕpéféhilbat naŕhilbaik
Progressive
Affirmative hilbant nupéhilbant péhilbant pléhilbant féhilbant péféhilbant hilbantaik
Negative naŕhilbant naŕnupéhilbant naŕpéhilbant naŕpléhilbant naŕféhilbant naŕpéféhilbant naŕhilbantaik
Continuative
Affirmative hilbasant nupéhilbasant péhilbasant pléhilbasant féhilbasant péféhilbasant hilbasantaik
Negative naŕhilbasant naŕnupéhilbasant naŕpéhilbasant naŕpléhilbasant naŕféhilbasant naŕpéféhilbasant naŕhilbasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative hilbaijat nupéhilbaijat péhilbaijat pléhilbaijat féhilbaijat péféhilbaijat hilbaijaik
Negative naŕhilbaijat naŕnupéhilbaijat naŕpéhilbaijat naŕpléhilbaijat naŕféhilbaijat naŕpéféhilbaijat naŕhilbaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative hilbavat nupéhilbavat péhilbavat pléhilbavat féhilbavat péféhilbavat hilbavaik
Negative naŕhilbavat naŕnupéhilbavat naŕpéhilbavat naŕpléhilbavat naŕféhilbavat naŕpéféhilbavat naŕhilbavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative hilbantavat nupéhilbantavat péhilbantavat pléhilbantavat féhilbantavat péféhilbantavat hilbantavaik
Negative naŕhilbantavat naŕnupéhilbantavat naŕpéhilbantavat naŕpléhilbantavat naŕféhilbantavat naŕpéféhilbantavat naŕhilbantavaik
Passive Simple
Affirmative hilbaidat nupéhilbaidat péhilbaidat pléhilbaidat féhilbaidat péféhilbaidat hilbaidaik
Negative naŕhilbaidat naŕnupéhilbaidat naŕpéhilbaidat naŕpléhilbaidat naŕféhilbaidat naŕpéféhilbaidat naŕhilbaidaik
Passive Progressive
Affirmative hilbaidant nupéhilbaidant péhilbaidant pléhilbaidant féhilbaidant péféhilbaidant hilbaidantaik
Negative naŕhilbaidant naŕnupéhilbaidant naŕpéhilbaidant naŕpléhilbaidant naŕféhilbaidant naŕpéféhilbaidant naŕhilbaidantaik
Passive Prospective
Affirmative hilbaidaijat nupéhilbaidaijat péhilbaidaijat pléhilbaidaijat féhilbaidaijat péféhilbaidaijat hilbaidaijaik
Negative naŕhilbaidaijat naŕnupéhilbaidaijat naŕpéhilbaidaijat naŕpléhilbaidaijat naŕféhilbaidaijat naŕpéféhilbaidaijat naŕhilbaidaijaik
Passive Perfect
Affirmative hilbaidavat nupéhilbaidavat péhilbaidavat pléhilbaidavat féhilbaidavat péféhilbaidavat hilbaidavaik
Negative naŕhilbaidavat naŕnupéhilbaidavat naŕpéhilbaidavat naŕpléhilbaidavat naŕféhilbaidavat naŕpéféhilbaidavat naŕhilbaidavaik
Interjection hilb
Morpheme family
None
Usage notes

Found in the first line of the Catholic Hail Mary (Hilb, Mạriya huldeuzi, Dómeno tasebat... [Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee...]), as well as in the stock expression Hilb, Sêsạro! (Hail, Caesar!).

For the weather term, see hoagel. See also salout (greet/hello).

Added on: 2018-05-29, 01:40View semantic data
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hilb