Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/graug

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graug- (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
Meaning: croak
(Gloss: croak)
Etymology: From Irish grág.

Morpheme length: 5 (A G G R U)aggru agru Morpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: CCVVC • IPA: /gɹɔg/gɹɔgSyllables: 1 (graug)

Default word class: Verb

Mutated forms (11a)
Before next...
a graug b graugoṛ ch graug d graug
e graug f graugoṛ g graug h graug
i graug j grauȷ́ k graug l graug
m graug n graug o graug p graug
r graug s graug t graug u graug
v graug w graug y graug z graug
Lexeme
Noun (Inanimate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Regular
Singular grauge
Plural grauges
Articulated
Definite Singular grauglé
Plural grauglés
Indefinite Singular grauglé
Plural grauglés
Size
Diminutive Singular graugète
Plural graugètes
Medial Singular graugeade
Plural graugeades
Augmentative Singular graugarde
Plural graugardes
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject graug- graug-s
grauguez-
graug(üet/üer)-
Topic graugeun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
graugieb- graugieb-s
grauguezieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
graugerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
graugad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
graugad- grauguezad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
graugúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar graugt-(s)
Formal graugust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
graugoz- graugoz-s
graugüetoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
graugorz- graugorz-s
graugüetorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
graugten-
graugzol-
graugueśten-
grauguezzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
graugabuam- grauguezabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
graugemek- grauguezemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
graugútil- grauguezútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
graugaurd- grauguezaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
graugómist- grauguezómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
graugaseb- graugüetaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
graugauvek- grauguezauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
graugẽrgim- grauguezẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
graugesil- graugüetésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
graugósot-
graugäffim-
graugüetósot-
grauguezäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
graugaup- grauguezaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
graugäuvv- grauguezäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
graugproxim- graugueśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
graugíak- grauguezíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
graugault- grauguezault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
graugauload- grauguezauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
graugtranz- graugueśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
graugint- grauguezint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
graugintaup- grauguezintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
graugtug- graugueśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
graugtúgaup- graugueśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
graugtüvv- graugueśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
graugweg- grauguezweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
graugúlem- grauguezúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
graugoantem- grauguezoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
graugprev- graugueśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
graugáprev- grauguezáprev-
Temporal During...
(TEMP)
graugwob- grauguezwob-
Limitative By (the time of)...
(LMT)
graugmaurad- graugueśmaurad-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
graugond- grauguezond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
graugeriv- grauguezeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
graugmoin- graugueśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
graugnend-
graugausin-
graugueśnend-
graugüetausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
graugaiv- grauguezaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
graugseul- graugueśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
graugaubog- grauguezaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
graugopon- grauguezopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
graugévit- grauguezévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
graugpótal- graugueśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
grauguslen- graugüetúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
graugmólen- graugueśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
graugomil- grauguezomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
graugnand- graugueśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
graugiz- graugüetiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
graugesit- graugüetésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
graugoid- grauguezoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
graugausik- graugüetausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
graugaibem- grauguezaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
graugkuam- graugueśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
graugprin- graugueśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
graugar graugaidar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕgraugar naŕgraugaidar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
graugavar graugaidavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
graugantar graugaidantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
graugantavar graugavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
graugasantar graugaidasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
graugaijar graugaidaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
graugábilar graugaibilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
graugámelar graugeselar graugúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
graugaubilar graugaisómar graugaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
soulgraugar voulgraugar boulgraugar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
graugait! fégraugait! naŕgraugait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
fégraugaide, fégraugaidi graugaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
graugaine graugé
Participles
Present Past
graugant graugaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative graugat nupégraugat pégraugat plégraugat fégraugat péfégraugat graugaik
Negative naŕgraugat naŕnupégraugat naŕpégraugat naŕplégraugat naŕfégraugat naŕpéfégraugat naŕgraugaik
Progressive
Affirmative graugant nupégraugant pégraugant plégraugant fégraugant péfégraugant graugantaik
Negative naŕgraugant naŕnupégraugant naŕpégraugant naŕplégraugant naŕfégraugant naŕpéfégraugant naŕgraugantaik
Continuative
Affirmative graugasant nupégraugasant pégraugasant plégraugasant fégraugasant péfégraugasant graugasantaik
Negative naŕgraugasant naŕnupégraugasant naŕpégraugasant naŕplégraugasant naŕfégraugasant naŕpéfégraugasant naŕgraugasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative graugaijat nupégraugaijat pégraugaijat plégraugaijat fégraugaijat péfégraugaijat graugaijaik
Negative naŕgraugaijat naŕnupégraugaijat naŕpégraugaijat naŕplégraugaijat naŕfégraugaijat naŕpéfégraugaijat naŕgraugaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative graugavat nupégraugavat pégraugavat plégraugavat fégraugavat péfégraugavat graugavaik
Negative naŕgraugavat naŕnupégraugavat naŕpégraugavat naŕplégraugavat naŕfégraugavat naŕpéfégraugavat naŕgraugavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative graugantavat nupégraugantavat pégraugantavat plégraugantavat fégraugantavat péfégraugantavat graugantavaik
Negative naŕgraugantavat naŕnupégraugantavat naŕpégraugantavat naŕplégraugantavat naŕfégraugantavat naŕpéfégraugantavat naŕgraugantavaik
Passive Simple
Affirmative graugaidat nupégraugaidat pégraugaidat plégraugaidat fégraugaidat péfégraugaidat graugaidaik
Negative naŕgraugaidat naŕnupégraugaidat naŕpégraugaidat naŕplégraugaidat naŕfégraugaidat naŕpéfégraugaidat naŕgraugaidaik
Passive Progressive
Affirmative graugaidant nupégraugaidant pégraugaidant plégraugaidant fégraugaidant péfégraugaidant graugaidantaik
Negative naŕgraugaidant naŕnupégraugaidant naŕpégraugaidant naŕplégraugaidant naŕfégraugaidant naŕpéfégraugaidant naŕgraugaidantaik
Passive Prospective
Affirmative graugaidaijat nupégraugaidaijat pégraugaidaijat plégraugaidaijat fégraugaidaijat péfégraugaidaijat graugaidaijaik
Negative naŕgraugaidaijat naŕnupégraugaidaijat naŕpégraugaidaijat naŕplégraugaidaijat naŕfégraugaidaijat naŕpéfégraugaidaijat naŕgraugaidaijaik
Passive Perfect
Affirmative graugaidavat nupégraugaidavat pégraugaidavat plégraugaidavat fégraugaidavat péfégraugaidavat graugaidavaik
Negative naŕgraugaidavat naŕnupégraugaidavat naŕpégraugaidavat naŕplégraugaidavat naŕfégraugaidavat naŕpéfégraugaidavat naŕgraugaidavaik
Morpheme family
None
Usage notes

Refers to the sound made by frogs and toads (frosk/frosp), as well as in the throat by humans. Not to be confused with groag (grunt/snort).

Added on: 2018-01-28, 16:27View semantic data
A

graug