Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/gont

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gont- (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
Meaning: chop, hack
(Gloss: chop, hack)
Etymology: From Tukang Besi gonti. (Found in Donohue (1999), p. 281https://books.google.com/books?id=0RW0uSfFMzYC.)

Morpheme length: 4 (G N O T)gnot gnot Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: CVCC • IPA: /gont/gontSyllables: 1 (gont)

Default word class: Verb

Mutated forms (1b)
gont
Lexeme
Noun (Inanimate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Regular
Singular gonté
Plural gontés
Articulated
Definite Singular gontile
Plural gontiles
Indefinite Singular gontile
Plural gontiles
Size
Diminutive Singular gontète
Plural gontètes
Medial Singular gonteade
Plural gonteades
Augmentative Singular gontarde
Plural gontardes
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject gont- gont-s
gontuez-
gont(üet/üer)-
Topic gonteun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
gontieb- gontieb-s
gontuezieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
gonterij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
gontad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
gontad- gontuezad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
gontúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar gontt-(s)
Formal gontust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
gontoz- gontoz-s
gontüetoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
gontorz- gontorz-s
gontüetorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
gontten-
gontzol-
gontueśten-
gontuezzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
gontabuam- gontuezabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
gontemek- gontuezemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
gontútil- gontuezútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
gontaurd- gontuezaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
gontómist- gontuezómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
gontaseb- gontüetaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
gontauvek- gontuezauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
gontẽrgim- gontuezẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
gontesil- gontüetésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
gontósot-
gontäffim-
gontüetósot-
gontuezäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
gontaup- gontuezaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
gontäuvv- gontuezäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
gontproxim- gontueśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
gontíak- gontuezíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
gontault- gontuezault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
gontauload- gontuezauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
gonttranz- gontueśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
gontint- gontuezint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
gontintaup- gontuezintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
gonttug- gontueśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
gonttúgaup- gontueśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
gonttüvv- gontueśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
gontweg- gontuezweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
gontúlem- gontuezúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
gontoantem- gontuezoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
gontprev- gontueśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
gontáprev- gontuezáprev-
Temporal During...
(TEMP)
gontwob- gontuezwob-
Limitative By (the time of)...
(LMT)
gontmaurad- gontueśmaurad-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
gontond- gontuezond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
gonteriv- gontuezeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
gontmoin- gontueśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
gontnend-
gontausin-
gontueśnend-
gontüetausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
gontaiv- gontuezaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
gontseul- gontueśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
gontaubog- gontuezaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
gontopon- gontuezopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
gontévit- gontuezévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
gontpótal- gontueśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
gontuslen- gontüetúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
gontmólen- gontueśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
gontomil- gontuezomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
gontnand- gontueśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
gontiz- gontüetiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
gontesit- gontüetésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
gontoid- gontuezoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
gontausik- gontüetausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
gontaibem- gontuezaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
gontkuam- gontueśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
gontprin- gontueśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
gontar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕgontar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
gontavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
gontantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
gontantavar gontavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
gontasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
gontaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
gontábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
gontámelar gonteselar gontúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
gontaubilar gontaisómar gontaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
soulgontar voulgontar boulgontar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
gontait! fégontait! naŕgontait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
gontaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
gontaine gonté
Participles
Present Past
gontant gontaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative gontat nupégontat pégontat plégontat fégontat péfégontat gontaik
Negative naŕgontat naŕnupégontat naŕpégontat naŕplégontat naŕfégontat naŕpéfégontat naŕgontaik
Progressive
Affirmative gontant nupégontant pégontant plégontant fégontant péfégontant gontantaik
Negative naŕgontant naŕnupégontant naŕpégontant naŕplégontant naŕfégontant naŕpéfégontant naŕgontantaik
Continuative
Affirmative gontasant nupégontasant pégontasant plégontasant fégontasant péfégontasant gontasantaik
Negative naŕgontasant naŕnupégontasant naŕpégontasant naŕplégontasant naŕfégontasant naŕpéfégontasant naŕgontasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative gontaijat nupégontaijat pégontaijat plégontaijat fégontaijat péfégontaijat gontaijaik
Negative naŕgontaijat naŕnupégontaijat naŕpégontaijat naŕplégontaijat naŕfégontaijat naŕpéfégontaijat naŕgontaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative gontavat nupégontavat pégontavat plégontavat fégontavat péfégontavat gontavaik
Negative naŕgontavat naŕnupégontavat naŕpégontavat naŕplégontavat naŕfégontavat naŕpéfégontavat naŕgontavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative gontantavat nupégontantavat pégontantavat plégontantavat fégontantavat péfégontantavat gontantavaik
Negative naŕgontantavat naŕnupégontantavat naŕpégontantavat naŕplégontantavat naŕfégontantavat naŕpéfégontantavat naŕgontantavaik
Morpheme family
Usage notes

Tukang Besi is an Austronesian language spoken in southeastern Sulawesi, Indonesia.

See also koup (cut).

Added on: 2017-08-25, 08:49View semantic data
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gont