Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/gímel

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gímel- (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
Meaning: pin
(Gloss: pin)
Etymology: From Vietnamese ghim. (Root creation influenced by gusel [needle].)

Morpheme length: 5 (E G I L M)egilm egilm Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: CVCVC • IPA: /giː.mɛl/giː, mɛlSyllables: 2 (gi, mel)CV, CVC

Default word class: Noun

Mutated forms (2e)

Before -e termison: gímèl • Before root with l as second or later letter: gímeŕ • Before inz: gímél • Before all other morphemes: gímel

Lexeme
Noun (Inanimate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Regular
Singular gímèle
Plural gímèles
Articulated
Definite Singular gímellé
Plural gímellés
Indefinite Singular gímellé
Plural gímellés
Size
Diminutive Singular gímelète
Plural gímelètes
Medial Singular gímeleade
Plural gímeleades
Augmentative Singular gímelarde
Plural gímelardes
Adjective
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Absolute Singular gímeli
Plural gímelis
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject gímel- gímel-s
gímelouz-
gímel(öut/öur)-
Topic gímeleun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
gímelieb- gímelieb-s
gímelouzieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
gímelerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
gímelad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
gímelad- gímelouzad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
gímelúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar gímelt-(s)
Formal gímelust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
gímeloz- gímeloz-s
gímelöutoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
gímelorz- gímelorz-s
gímelöutorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
gímelten-
gímeŕzol-
gímelouśten-
gímelouzzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
gímelabuam- gímelouzabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
gímelemek- gímelouzemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
gímeŕútil- gímelouzútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
gímelaurd- gímelouzaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
gímelómist- gímelouzómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
gímelaseb- gímelöutaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
gímelauvek- gímelouzauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
gímelẽrgim- gímelouzẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
gímeŕesil- gímelöutésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
gímelósot-
gímeläffim-
gímelöutósot-
gímelouzäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
gímelaup- gímelouzaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
gímeläuvv- gímelouzäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
gímelproxim- gímelouśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
gímelíak- gímelouzíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
gímeŕault- gímelouzault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
gímeŕauload- gímelouzauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
gímeltranz- gímelouśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
gímelint- gímelouzint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
gímelintaup- gímelouzintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
gímeltug- gímelouśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
gímeltúgaup- gímelouśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
gímeltüvv- gímelouśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
gímelweg- gímelouzweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
gímeŕúlem- gímelouzúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
gímeloantem- gímelouzoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
gímelprev- gímelouśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
gímeláprev- gímelouzáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
gímelond- gímelouzond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
gímeleriv- gímelouzeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
gímelmoin- gímelouśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
gímelnend-
gímelausin-
gímelouśnend-
gímelöutausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
gímelaiv- gímelouzaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
gímeŕseul- gímelouśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
gímelaubog- gímelouzaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
gímelopon- gímelouzopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
gímelévit- gímelouzévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
gímeŕpótal- gímelouśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
gímeŕuslen- gímelöutúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
gímeŕmólen- gímelouśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
gímeŕomil- gímelouzomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
gímelnand- gímelouśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
gímeliz- gímelöutiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
gímelesit- gímelöutésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
gímeloid- gímelouzoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
gímelausik- gímelöutausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
gímelaibem- gímelouzaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
gímelkuam- gímelouśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
gímelprin- gímelouśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Morpheme family
Usage notes

See also gusel (needle), tuek (spike), róvez (stylus), and point.

Related term: kouz (sew).

Added on: 2017-11-03, 02:54View semantic data
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gimel