Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/esreg

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esreg- (Inflectional Suffixoid)ABC ( rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
(Post-vowel: ńesreg-)
Meaning: back-to-back, sequential, consecutive; opposite each other, comparable to each other; oppositive case marker, situative case marker
(Gloss: OPS, SIT) Category:Case markers
Etymology: From Mongolian esreg (эсрэг).

Morpheme length: 5 (E E G R S)eegrs egrs Morpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: VCCVC • IPA: /ɛs.ɹɛg/ɛs, ɹɛgSyllables: 2 (es, reg)VC, CVC

Default word class: Adjective

Mutated forms (11b)
Before next...
a esreg b esregoṛ ch esreg d esreg
e esrèg (tmsn.)
esreg (root)
f esregoṛ g esreg h esreg
i esreg j esreȷ́ k esreg l esreg
m esreg n esreg o esreg p esreg
r esreg s esreg t esreg u esreg
v esreg w esreg y esreg z esreg
Before inz esrég
Lexeme
Noun (Inanimate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Regular
Singular esrège
Plural esrèges
Articulated
Definite Singular esreglé
Plural esreglés
Indefinite Singular esreglé
Plural esreglés
Size
Diminutive Singular esregète
Plural esregètes
Medial Singular esregeade
Plural esregeades
Augmentative Singular esregarde
Plural esregardes
Adjective
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Absolute Singular esregi
Plural esregis
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject esreg- esreg-s
esreguez-
esreg(üet/üer)-
Topic esregeun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
esregieb- esregieb-s
esreguezieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
esregerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
esregad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
esregad- esreguezad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
esregúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar esregt-(s)
Formal esregust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
esregoz- esregoz-s
esregüetoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
esregorz- esregorz-s
esregüetorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
esregten-
esregzol-
esregueśten-
esreguezzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
esregabuam- esreguezabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
esregemek- esreguezemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
esregútil- esreguezútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
esregaurd- esreguezaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
esregómist- esreguezómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
esregaseb- esregüetaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
esregauvek- esreguezauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
esregẽrgim- esreguezẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
esregesil- esregüetésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
esregósot-
esregäffim-
esregüetósot-
esreguezäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
esregaup- esreguezaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
esregäuvv- esreguezäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
esregproxim- esregueśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
esregíak- esreguezíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
esregault- esreguezault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
esregauload- esreguezauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
esregtranz- esregueśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
esregint- esreguezint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
esregintaup- esreguezintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
esregtug- esregueśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
esregtúgaup- esregueśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
esregtüvv- esregueśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
esregweg- esreguezweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
esregúlem- esreguezúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
esregoantem- esreguezoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
esregprev- esregueśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
esregáprev- esreguezáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
esregond- esreguezond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
esregeriv- esreguezeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
esregmoin- esregueśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
esregnend-
esregausin-
esregueśnend-
esregüetausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
esregaiv- esreguezaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
esregseul- esregueśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
esregaubog- esreguezaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
esregopon- esreguezopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
esregévit- esreguezévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
esregpótal- esregueśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
esreguslen- esregüetúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
esregmólen- esregueśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
esregomil- esreguezomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
esregnand- esregueśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
esregiz- esregüetiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
esregesit- esregüetésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
esregoid- esreguezoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
esregausik- esregüetausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
esregaibem- esreguezaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
esregkuam- esregueśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
esregprin- esregueśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
esregar
Negative Active Negative Passive
nalesregar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
esregavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
esregantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
esregantavar esregavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
esregasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
esregaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
esregábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
esregámelar esregeselar esregúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
esregaubilar esregaisómar esregaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
soulesregar voulesregar boulesregar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
esregait! feresregait! nalesregait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
esregaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
esregaine esrège
Participles
Present Past
esregant esregaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative esregat nuperesregat peresregat pleresregat feresregat péferesregat esregaik
Negative nalesregat naŕnuperesregat naŕperesregat naŕpleresregat naŕferesregat naŕpéferesregat nalesregaik
Progressive
Affirmative esregant nuperesregant peresregant pleresregant feresregant péferesregant esregantaik
Negative nalesregant naŕnuperesregant naŕperesregant naŕpleresregant naŕferesregant naŕpéferesregant nalesregantaik
Continuative
Affirmative esregasant nuperesregasant peresregasant pleresregasant feresregasant péferesregasant esregasantaik
Negative nalesregasant naŕnuperesregasant naŕperesregasant naŕpleresregasant naŕferesregasant naŕpéferesregasant nalesregasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative esregaijat nuperesregaijat peresregaijat pleresregaijat feresregaijat péferesregaijat esregaijaik
Negative nalesregaijat naŕnuperesregaijat naŕperesregaijat naŕpleresregaijat naŕferesregaijat naŕpéferesregaijat nalesregaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative esregavat nuperesregavat peresregavat pleresregavat feresregavat péferesregavat esregavaik
Negative nalesregavat naŕnuperesregavat naŕperesregavat naŕpleresregavat naŕferesregavat naŕpéferesregavat nalesregavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative esregantavat nuperesregantavat peresregantavat pleresregantavat feresregantavat péferesregantavat esregantavaik
Negative nalesregantavat naŕnuperesregantavat naŕperesregantavat naŕpleresregantavat naŕferesregantavat naŕpéferesregantavat nalesregantavaik
Morpheme family
Usage notes

Corresponds to -knây/-kkäin and -tusten/-tysten, the respective situative and oppositive case markers in Finnish. Nouns marked with the situative are comparable to each other; those in the oppositive face each other. Found in expressions such as tuedesregu (face-to-face/vis-à-vis), túdelesregu (side by side), and boachesregu (cheek to cheek).

The standalone root means "back to back" or "face each other". Another root, ótrúdel, denotes entities in opposite directions or sides.

See also shoar (reciprocal/each other).

Added on: 2018-05-09, 18:06View semantic data
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esreg