Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/espieg

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espieg- (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
(Post-vowel: ńespieg-)
Meaning: mischievous, impish, troublesome, cheeky; prankster, imp, rascal, brat
(Gloss: mischievous, impish, troublesome, cheeky)
Etymology: From French espiègle, German Eulenspiegel and Low German Ulenspegel. (Original German word refers to "a prankster character in German folklore".)

Morpheme length: 6 (E E G I P S)eegips egips Morpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: VCCVVC • IPA: /ɛs.piːg/ɛs, piːgSyllables: 2 (es, pieg)VC, CVVC

Default word class: Noun

Mutated forms (11c)
Before next...
a espieg b espiegoṛ ch espieg d espieg
e espieg f espiegoṛ g espieg h espieg
i espieg j espieȷ́ k espieg l espieg
m espieg n espieg o espieg p espieg
r espieg s espieg t espieg u espieg
v espieg w espieg y espieg z espieg
Lexeme
Noun (Animate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Pan-gender
Regular
Singular espiego espiega espiegé
Plural espiegos espiegas espiegés
Articulated
Definite Singular espieglo espiegla espieglé
Plural espieglos espieglas espieglés
Indefinite Singular espieguno espieguna espieglé
Plural espiegunos espiegunas espieglés
Complex
Forms tuomespieg- tuamespieg- espieg-
Offspring
Older Singular espiegódro espiegódra espiegódré
Plural espiegódros espiegódras espiegódrés
Younger Singular espiegódredo espiegódreda espiegódrède
Plural espiegódredos espiegódredas espiegódrèdes
Age
Newborn Singular espiegebo espiegeba espiegèbe
Plural espiegebos espiegebas espiegèbes
Juvenile Singular espiegedo espiegeda espiegède
Plural espiegedos espiegedas espiegèdes
Adolescent Singular espiegeshoano espiegeshoana espiegeshoane
Plural espiegeshoanos espiegeshoanas espiegeshoanes
Adult Singular espiegeushelo espiegeushela espiegeushèle
Plural espiegeushelos espiegeushelas espiegeushèles
Geriatric Singular espiegeldo espiegelda espiegelde
Plural espiegeldos espiegeldas espiegeldes
Size
Diminutive Singular espiegeto
espiegaubimo
espiegeta
espiegaubima
espiegète
espiegaubime
Plural espiegetos
espiegaubimos
espiegetas
espiegaubimas
espiegètes
espiegaubimes
Medial Singular espiegeado
espiegaubamo
espiegeada
espiegaubama
espiegeade
espiegaubame
Plural espiegeados
espiegaubamos
espiegeadas
espiegaubamas
espiegeades
espiegaubames
Augmentative Singular espiegardo
espiegaubaumo
espiegarda
espiegaubauma
espiegarde
espiegaubaume
Plural espiegardos
espiegaubaumos
espiegardas
espiegaubaumas
espiegardes
espiegaubaumes
Adjective
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive Singular espiegi espiegausmi espiegausomi
Plural espiegis espiegausmis espiegausomis
Negative Singular espiegi espiegeusmi espiegeusomi
Plural espiegis espiegeusmis espiegeusomis
Adverb
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive espiegu espiegausmu espiegausomu
Negative espiegeusmu espiegeusomu
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject espieg- espieg-s
espieguez-
espieg(üet/üer)-
Topic espiegeun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
espiegieb- espiegieb-s
espieguezieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
espiegerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
espiegad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
espiegad- espieguezad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
espiegúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar espiegt-(s)
Formal espiegust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
espiegoz- espiegoz-s
espiegüetoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
espiegorz- espiegorz-s
espiegüetorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
espiegten-
espiegzol-
espiegueśten-
espieguezzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
espiegabuam- espieguezabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
espiegemek- espieguezemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
espiegútil- espieguezútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
espiegaurd- espieguezaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
espiegómist- espieguezómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
espiegaseb- espiegüetaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
espiegauvek- espieguezauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
espiegẽrgim- espieguezẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
espiegesil- espiegüetésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
espiegósot-
espiegäffim-
espiegüetósot-
espieguezäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
espiegaup- espieguezaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
espiegäuvv- espieguezäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
espiegproxim- espiegueśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
espiegíak- espieguezíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
espiegault- espieguezault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
espiegauload- espieguezauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
espiegtranz- espiegueśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
espiegint- espieguezint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
espiegintaup- espieguezintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
espiegtug- espiegueśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
espiegtúgaup- espiegueśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
espiegtüvv- espiegueśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
espiegweg- espieguezweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
espiegúlem- espieguezúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
espiegoantem- espieguezoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
espiegprev- espiegueśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
espiegáprev- espieguezáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
espiegond- espieguezond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
espiegeriv- espieguezeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
espiegmoin- espiegueśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
espiegnend-
espiegausin-
espiegueśnend-
espiegüetausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
espiegaiv- espieguezaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
espiegseul- espiegueśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
espiegaubog- espieguezaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
espiegopon- espieguezopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
espiegévit- espieguezévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
espiegpótal- espiegueśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
espieguslen- espiegüetúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
espiegmólen- espiegueśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
espiegomil- espieguezomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
espiegnand- espiegueśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
espiegiz- espiegüetiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
espiegesit- espiegüetésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
espiegoid- espieguezoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
espiegausik- espiegüetausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
espiegaibem- espieguezaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
espiegkuam- espiegueśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
espiegprin- espiegueśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
espiegar
Negative Active Negative Passive
nalespiegar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
espiegavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
espiegantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
espiegantavar espiegavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
espiegasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
espiegaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
espiegábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
espiegámelar espiegeselar espiegúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
espiegaubilar espiegaisómar espiegaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
soulespiegar voulespiegar boulespiegar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
espiegait! ferespiegait! nalespiegait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
espiegaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
espiegaine espiegé
Participles
Present Past
espiegant espiegaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative espiegat nuperespiegat perespiegat plerespiegat ferespiegat péferespiegat espiegaik
Negative nalespiegat naŕnuperespiegat naŕperespiegat naŕplerespiegat naŕferespiegat naŕpéferespiegat nalespiegaik
Progressive
Affirmative espiegant nuperespiegant perespiegant plerespiegant ferespiegant péferespiegant espiegantaik
Negative nalespiegant naŕnuperespiegant naŕperespiegant naŕplerespiegant naŕferespiegant naŕpéferespiegant nalespiegantaik
Continuative
Affirmative espiegasant nuperespiegasant perespiegasant plerespiegasant ferespiegasant péferespiegasant espiegasantaik
Negative nalespiegasant naŕnuperespiegasant naŕperespiegasant naŕplerespiegasant naŕferespiegasant naŕpéferespiegasant nalespiegasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative espiegaijat nuperespiegaijat perespiegaijat plerespiegaijat ferespiegaijat péferespiegaijat espiegaijaik
Negative nalespiegaijat naŕnuperespiegaijat naŕperespiegaijat naŕplerespiegaijat naŕferespiegaijat naŕpéferespiegaijat nalespiegaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative espiegavat nuperespiegavat perespiegavat plerespiegavat ferespiegavat péferespiegavat espiegavaik
Negative nalespiegavat naŕnuperespiegavat naŕperespiegavat naŕplerespiegavat naŕferespiegavat naŕpéferespiegavat nalespiegavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative espiegantavat nuperespiegantavat perespiegantavat plerespiegantavat ferespiegantavat péferespiegantavat espiegantavaik
Negative nalespiegantavat naŕnuperespiegantavat naŕperespiegantavat naŕplerespiegantavat naŕferespiegantavat naŕpéferespiegantavat nalespiegantavaik
Morpheme family
Usage notes

Derived terms: espiegid (mischief), espiegaig (prank).

Used as an affect suffixoid à la eskom, úbel, úvel, and the like. For the word meaning "problematic", see sahir.

Added on: 2018-06-13, 16:29View semantic data
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espieg