Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/esil

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esil- (Derivational Suffixoid)ABC (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
(Post-vowel: ńesil-)
Meaning: from, originating from; come from; native (n); by (a work's creator); originative case marker
(Gloss: from_origin / OGN) Category:Case markers
Etymology: From Kurdish esil (origin by birth). (Found at PanLex's PanLinx. Also found at the Kurdish Dictionary.)

Morpheme length: 4 (E I L S)eils eils Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: VCVC • IPA: /ɛ.sɪl/ɛ, sɪlSyllables: 2 (e, sil)V, CVC

Default word class: Adposition

Mutated forms (1d)

Before root with l as second or later letter: esiŕ • Before inz: esíl • Before all other morphemes: esil

Lexeme
Noun (Animate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Pan-gender
Regular
Singular esilo esila esile
Plural esilos esilas esiles
Articulated
Definite Singular esillo esilla esillé
Plural esillos esillas esillés
Indefinite Singular esiluno esiluna esillé
Plural esilunos esilunas esillés
Complex
Forms tuomesil- tuamesil- esil-
Offspring
Older Singular esilódro esilódra esilódré
Plural esilódros esilódras esilódrés
Younger Singular esilódredo esilódreda esilódrède
Plural esilódredos esilódredas esilódrèdes
Age
Newborn Singular esilebo esileba esilèbe
Plural esilebos esilebas esilèbes
Juvenile Singular esiledo esileda esilède
Plural esiledos esiledas esilèdes
Adolescent Singular esileshoano esileshoana esileshoane
Plural esileshoanos esileshoanas esileshoanes
Adult Singular esiŕeushelo esiŕeushela esiŕeushèle
Plural esiŕeushelos esiŕeushelas esiŕeushèles
Geriatric Singular esiŕeldo esiŕelda esiŕelde
Plural esiŕeldos esiŕeldas esiŕeldes
Size
Diminutive Singular esileto esileta esilète
Plural esiletos esiletas esilètes
Medial Singular esileado esileada esileade
Plural esileados esileadas esileades
Augmentative Singular esilardo esilarda esilarde
Plural esilardos esilardas esilardes
Adjective
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Absolute Singular esili
Plural esilis
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject esil- esil-s
esilouz-
esil(öut/öur)-
Topic esileun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
esilieb- esilieb-s
esilouzieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
esilerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
esilad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
esilad- esilouzad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
esilúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar esilt-(s)
Formal esilust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
esiloz- esiloz-s
esilöutoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
esilorz- esilorz-s
esilöutorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
esilten-
esiŕzol-
esilouśten-
esilouzzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
esilabuam- esilouzabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
esilemek- esilouzemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
esiŕútil- esilouzútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
esilaurd- esilouzaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
esilómist- esilouzómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
esilaseb- esilöutaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
esilauvek- esilouzauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
esilẽrgim- esilouzẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
esiŕesil- esilöutésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
esilósot-
esiläffim-
esilöutósot-
esilouzäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
esilaup- esilouzaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
esiläuvv- esilouzäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
esilproxim- esilouśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
esilíak- esilouzíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
esiŕault- esilouzault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
esiŕauload- esilouzauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
esiltranz- esilouśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
esilint- esilouzint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
esilintaup- esilouzintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
esiltug- esilouśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
esiltúgaup- esilouśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
esiltüvv- esilouśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
esilweg- esilouzweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
esiŕúlem- esilouzúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
esiloantem- esilouzoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
esilprev- esilouśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
esiláprev- esilouzáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
esilond- esilouzond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
esileriv- esilouzeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
esilmoin- esilouśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
esilnend-
esilausin-
esilouśnend-
esilöutausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
esilaiv- esilouzaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
esiŕseul- esilouśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
esilaubog- esilouzaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
esilopon- esilouzopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
esilévit- esilouzévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
esiŕpótal- esilouśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
esiŕuslen- esilöutúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
esiŕmólen- esilouśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
esiŕomil- esilouzomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
esilnand- esilouśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
esiliz- esilöutiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
esilesit- esilöutésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
esiloid- esilouzoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
esilausik- esilöutausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
esilaibem- esilouzaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
esilkuam- esilouśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
esilprin- esilouśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
esilar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕesilar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
esilavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
esilantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
esilantavar esilavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
esilasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
esilaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
esiŕábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
esiŕámelar esiŕeselar esilúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
esiŕaubilar esilaisómar esiŕaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
souŕesilar vouŕesilar bouŕesilar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
esilait! feresilait! naŕesilait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
esilaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
esilaine esilé
Participles
Present Past
esilant esilaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative esilat nuperesilat peresilat pleresilat feresilat péferesilat esilaik
Negative naŕesilat naŕnuperesilat naŕperesilat naŕpleresilat naŕferesilat naŕpéferesilat naŕesilaik
Progressive
Affirmative esilant nuperesilant peresilant pleresilant feresilant péferesilant esilantaik
Negative naŕesilant naŕnuperesilant naŕperesilant naŕpleresilant naŕferesilant naŕpéferesilant naŕesilantaik
Continuative
Affirmative esilasant nuperesilasant peresilasant pleresilasant feresilasant péferesilasant esilasantaik
Negative naŕesilasant naŕnuperesilasant naŕperesilasant naŕpleresilasant naŕferesilasant naŕpéferesilasant naŕesilasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative esilaijat nuperesilaijat peresilaijat pleresilaijat feresilaijat péferesilaijat esilaijaik
Negative naŕesilaijat naŕnuperesilaijat naŕperesilaijat naŕpleresilaijat naŕferesilaijat naŕpéferesilaijat naŕesilaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative esilavat nuperesilavat peresilavat pleresilavat feresilavat péferesilavat esilavaik
Negative naŕesilavat naŕnuperesilavat naŕperesilavat naŕpleresilavat naŕferesilavat naŕpéferesilavat naŕesilavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative esilantavat nuperesilantavat peresilantavat pleresilantavat feresilantavat péferesilantavat esilantavaik
Negative naŕesilantavat naŕnuperesilantavat naŕperesilantavat naŕpleresilantavat naŕferesilantavat naŕpéferesilantavat naŕesilantavaik
Adposition esil
Morpheme family
Usage notes

Denotes the origin or source of an object; also used as a prepositional verb. This root also marks authorship of a work of art or media, as in Une filme ńesil Stêveno Spielberg (A Steven Spielberg film) or Une livré ńesil Jaunoń Updike (A John Updike book).

See also -oz/der/zol (for possessive attribution) and premad (for source material).

The "OGN" abbreviation is borrowed from John Quijada's grammar of constructed language Ithkuil, § 4.4.7.

Added in October 2016View semantic data
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esil