Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/esel

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-esel- (Inflectional Suffixoid)ABCategory:Roots Category:Affixes (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
(Post-vowel: ńesel-)
Meaning: possible, probable; maybe, perhaps, possibly, probably, perchance, peradventure; may, might; potential mood marker, probability mood marker, dubitative marker
(Gloss: maybe, perhaps, may, might / POT, PROB, DUBIT)
Etymology: From Hungarian esetleg (maybe).

Morpheme length: 4 (E E L S)eels els Morpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: VCVC • IPA: /ɛ.sɛl/ɛ, sɛlSyllables: 2 (e, sel)V, CVC

Default word class: Adjective

Mutated forms (2e)

Before -e termison: esèl • Before root with l as second or later letter: eseŕ • Before inz: esél • Before all other morphemes: esel

Lexeme
Noun (Animate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Pan-gender
Regular
Singular eselo esela esèle
Plural eselos eselas esèles
Articulated
Definite Singular esello esella esellé
Plural esellos esellas esellés
Indefinite Singular eseluno eseluna esellé
Plural eselunos eselunas esellés
Complex
Forms tuomesel- tuamesel- esel-
Offspring
Older Singular eselódro eselódra eselódré
Plural eselódros eselódras eselódrés
Younger Singular eselódredo eselódreda eselódrède
Plural eselódredos eselódredas eselódrèdes
Age
Newborn Singular eselebo eseleba eselèbe
Plural eselebos eselebas eselèbes
Juvenile Singular eseledo eseleda eselède
Plural eseledos eseledas eselèdes
Adolescent Singular eseleshoano eseleshoana eseleshoane
Plural eseleshoanos eseleshoanas eseleshoanes
Adult Singular eseŕeushelo eseŕeushela eseŕeushèle
Plural eseŕeushelos eseŕeushelas eseŕeushèles
Geriatric Singular eseŕeldo eseŕelda eseŕelde
Plural eseŕeldos eseŕeldas eseŕeldes
Size
Diminutive Singular eseleto
eselaubimo
eseleta
eselaubima
eselète
eselaubime
Plural eseletos
eselaubimos
eseletas
eselaubimas
eselètes
eselaubimes
Medial Singular eseleado
eselaubamo
eseleada
eselaubama
eseleade
eselaubame
Plural eseleados
eselaubamos
eseleadas
eselaubamas
eseleades
eselaubames
Augmentative Singular eselardo
eselaubaumo
eselarda
eselaubauma
eselarde
eselaubaume
Plural eselardos
eselaubaumos
eselardas
eselaubaumas
eselardes
eselaubaumes
Adjective
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive Singular eseli eselausmi eselausomi
Plural eselis eselausmis eselausomis
Negative Singular eseli eseleusmi eseleusomi
Plural eselis eseleusmis eseleusomis
Adverb
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive eselu eselausmu eselausomu
Negative eseleusmu eseleusomu
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject esel- esel-s
eselouz-
esel(öut/öur)-
Topic eseleun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
eselieb- eselieb-s
eselouzieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
eselerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
eselad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
eselad- eselouzad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
eselúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar eselt-(s)
Formal eselust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
eseloz- eseloz-s
eselöutoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
eselorz- eselorz-s
eselöutorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
eselten-
eseŕzol-
eselouśten-
eselouzzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
eselabuam- eselouzabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
eselemek- eselouzemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
eseŕútil- eselouzútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
eselaurd- eselouzaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
eselómist- eselouzómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
eselaseb- eselöutaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
eselauvek- eselouzauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
eselẽrgim- eselouzẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
eseŕesil- eselöutésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
eselósot-
eseläffim-
eselöutósot-
eselouzäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
eselaup- eselouzaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
eseläuvv- eselouzäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
eselproxim- eselouśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
eselíak- eselouzíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
eseŕault- eselouzault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
eseŕauload- eselouzauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
eseltranz- eselouśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
eselint- eselouzint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
eselintaup- eselouzintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
eseltug- eselouśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
eseltúgaup- eselouśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
eseltüvv- eselouśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
eselweg- eselouzweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
eseŕúlem- eselouzúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
eseloantem- eselouzoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
eselprev- eselouśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
eseláprev- eselouzáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
eselond- eselouzond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
eseleriv- eselouzeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
eselmoin- eselouśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
eselnend-
eselausin-
eselouśnend-
eselöutausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
eselaiv- eselouzaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
eseŕseul- eselouśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
eselaubog- eselouzaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
eselopon- eselouzopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
eselévit- eselouzévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
eseŕpótal- eselouśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
eseŕuslen- eselöutúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
eseŕmólen- eselouśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
eseŕomil- eselouzomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
eselnand- eselouśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
eseliz- eselöutiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
eselesit- eselöutésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
eseloid- eselouzoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
eselausik- eselöutausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
eselaibem- eselouzaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
eselkuam- eselouśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
eselprin- eselouśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
eselar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕeselar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
eselavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
eselantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
eselantavar eselavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
eselasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
eselaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
eseŕábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
eseŕámelar eseŕeselar eselúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
eseŕaubilar eselaisómar eseŕaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
souŕeselar vouŕeselar bouŕeselar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
eselait! fereselait! naŕeselait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
eselaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
eselaine esèle
Participles
Present Past
eselant eselaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative eselat nupereselat pereselat plereselat fereselat péfereselat eselaik
Negative naŕeselat naŕnupereselat naŕpereselat naŕplereselat naŕfereselat naŕpéfereselat naŕeselaik
Progressive
Affirmative eselant nupereselant pereselant plereselant fereselant péfereselant eselantaik
Negative naŕeselant naŕnupereselant naŕpereselant naŕplereselant naŕfereselant naŕpéfereselant naŕeselantaik
Continuative
Affirmative eselasant nupereselasant pereselasant plereselasant fereselasant péfereselasant eselasantaik
Negative naŕeselasant naŕnupereselasant naŕpereselasant naŕplereselasant naŕfereselasant naŕpéfereselasant naŕeselasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative eselaijat nupereselaijat pereselaijat plereselaijat fereselaijat péfereselaijat eselaijaik
Negative naŕeselaijat naŕnupereselaijat naŕpereselaijat naŕplereselaijat naŕfereselaijat naŕpéfereselaijat naŕeselaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative eselavat nupereselavat pereselavat plereselavat fereselavat péfereselavat eselavaik
Negative naŕeselavat naŕnupereselavat naŕpereselavat naŕplereselavat naŕfereselavat naŕpéfereselavat naŕeselavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative eselantavat nupereselantavat pereselantavat plereselantavat fereselantavat péfereselantavat eselantavaik
Negative naŕeselantavat naŕnupereselantavat naŕpereselantavat naŕplereselantavat naŕfereselantavat naŕpéfereselantavat naŕeselantavaik
Morpheme family
None
Usage notes
Relformaide's Tense–aspect–mood (TAM) system
Tense
(Tíempe)
nupé- (recent past) • pé- (simple past) • plé- (discontinuous past) • fé- (future) • péfé- (future in the past)
Aspect
(Aspekte)
Prefixoids vasit (intentional) • tasiv (accidental)
Suffixoids av (perfect) • aubil (inchoative/inceptive) • ábuim (expectative) • oajem (momentane) • ámel (frequentative) • aisom (completive) • aubel (cessative)
Suffixes -ant (continuous/progressive) • -asant (continuative) • -aij (prospective)
Mood
(Sindèle)
Prefixoids voul/soul (desiderative) • boul (necessitative)
Suffixoids ábil (potential)/aibil (potential passive) • esel (dubitative)
Suffixes -ar (infinitive) • -at (indicative) • -aik (conditional/subjunctive) • -ait (imperative)
Added on: 2016-12-28, 07:24View semantic data
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esel