Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/chuf

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chuf- (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
Meaning: punish, penalise; punishment
(Gloss: punish, penalise)
Etymology: From Mandarin chǔfá (处罚).

Morpheme length: 3 (CH F U)chfu chfu Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: CVC • IPA: /tʃuːf/tʃuːfSyllables: 1 (chuf)

Default word class: Verb

Mutated forms (10a)
Before next...
a chuf b chufoṛ ch chufoṛ d chufoṛ
e chuf f chuf g chufoṛ h chuf
i chuf j chufoṛ k chufoṛ l chuf
m chuf n chuf o chuf p chufoṛ
r chuf s chuf t chuf u chuf
v chuѵ w chuf y chuf z chuf
Before inz chúf
Lexeme
Noun (Inanimate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Regular
Singular chufé
Plural chufés
Articulated
Definite Singular chuflé
Plural chuflés
Indefinite Singular chuflé
Plural chuflés
Size
Diminutive Singular chúfète
Plural chúfètes
Medial Singular chúfeade
Plural chúfeades
Augmentative Singular chúfarde
Plural chúfardes
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject chuf- chuf-s
chúfuez-
chuf(üet/üer)-
Topic chúfeun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
chúfieb- chúfieb-s
chúfuezieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
chúferij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
chúfad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
chúfad- chúfuezad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
chufúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar chuft-(s)
Formal chúfust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
chúfoz- chúfoz-s
chúfüetoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
chúforz- chúforz-s
chúfüetorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
chúften-
chúfzol-
chúfueśten-
chúfuezzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
chúfabuam- chúfuezabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
chúfemek- chúfuezemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
chúfútil- chúfuezútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
chúfaurd- chúfuezaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
chúfómist- chúfuezómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
chúfaseb- chúfüetaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
chúfauvek- chúfuezauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
chufẽrgim- chúfuezẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
chúfesil- chúfüetésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
chúfósot-
chúfäffim-
chúfüetósot-
chúfuezäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
chúfaup- chúfuezaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
chúfäuvv- chúfuezäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
chufoṛproxim- chúfueśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
chúfíak- chúfuezíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
chúfault- chúfuezault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
chúfauload- chúfuezauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
chúftranz- chúfueśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
chúfint- chúfuezint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
chúfintaup- chúfuezintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
chúftug- chúfueśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
chúftúgaup- chúfueśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
chúftüvv- chúfueśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
chúfweg- chúfuezweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
chúfúlem- chúfuezúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
chúfoantem- chúfuezoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
chufoṛprev- chúfueśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
chúfáprev- chúfuezáprev-
Temporal During...
(TEMP)
chúfwob- chúfuezwob-
Limitative By (the time of)...
(LMT)
chúfmaurad- chúfueśmaurad-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
chúfond- chúfuezond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
chúferiv- chúfuezeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
chúfmoin- chúfueśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
chúfnend-
chúfausin-
chúfueśnend-
chúfüetausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
chúfaiv- chúfuezaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
chúfseul- chúfueśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
chúfaubog- chúfuezaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
chúfopon- chúfuezopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
chúfévit- chúfuezévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
chufoṛpótal- chúfueśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
chúfuslen- chúfüetúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
chúfmólen- chúfueśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
chúfomil- chúfuezomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
chúfnand- chúfueśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
chúfiz- chúfüetiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
chúfesit- chúfüetésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
chúfoid- chúfuezoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
chúfausik- chúfüetausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
chúfaibem- chúfuezaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
chufoṛkuam- chúfueśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
chufoṛprin- chúfueśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
chúfar chúfaidar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕchúfar naŕchúfaidar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
chúfavar chúfaidavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
chúfantar chúfaidantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
chúfantavar chúfavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
chúfasantar chúfaidasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
chúfaijar chúfaidaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
chufábilar chúfaibilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
chufámelar chúfeselar chufúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
chúfaubilar chúfaisómar chúfaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
soulchúfar voulchúfar boulchúfar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
chúfait! féchúfait! naŕchúfait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
féchúfaide, féchúfaidi chúfaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
chúfaine chúfé
Participles
Present Past
chúfant chúfaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative chúfat nupéchúfat péchúfat pléchúfat féchúfat péféchúfat chúfaik
Negative naŕchúfat naŕnupéchúfat naŕpéchúfat naŕpléchúfat naŕféchúfat naŕpéféchúfat naŕchúfaik
Progressive
Affirmative chúfant nupéchúfant péchúfant pléchúfant féchúfant péféchúfant chúfantaik
Negative naŕchúfant naŕnupéchúfant naŕpéchúfant naŕpléchúfant naŕféchúfant naŕpéféchúfant naŕchúfantaik
Continuative
Affirmative chúfasant nupéchúfasant péchúfasant pléchúfasant féchúfasant péféchúfasant chúfasantaik
Negative naŕchúfasant naŕnupéchúfasant naŕpéchúfasant naŕpléchúfasant naŕféchúfasant naŕpéféchúfasant naŕchúfasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative chúfaijat nupéchúfaijat péchúfaijat pléchúfaijat féchúfaijat péféchúfaijat chúfaijaik
Negative naŕchúfaijat naŕnupéchúfaijat naŕpéchúfaijat naŕpléchúfaijat naŕféchúfaijat naŕpéféchúfaijat naŕchúfaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative chúfavat nupéchúfavat péchúfavat pléchúfavat féchúfavat péféchúfavat chúfavaik
Negative naŕchúfavat naŕnupéchúfavat naŕpéchúfavat naŕpléchúfavat naŕféchúfavat naŕpéféchúfavat naŕchúfavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative chúfantavat nupéchúfantavat péchúfantavat pléchúfantavat féchúfantavat péféchúfantavat chúfantavaik
Negative naŕchúfantavat naŕnupéchúfantavat naŕpéchúfantavat naŕpléchúfantavat naŕféchúfantavat naŕpéféchúfantavat naŕchúfantavaik
Passive Simple
Affirmative chúfaidat nupéchúfaidat péchúfaidat pléchúfaidat féchúfaidat péféchúfaidat chúfaidaik
Negative naŕchúfaidat naŕnupéchúfaidat naŕpéchúfaidat naŕpléchúfaidat naŕféchúfaidat naŕpéféchúfaidat naŕchúfaidaik
Passive Progressive
Affirmative chúfaidant nupéchúfaidant péchúfaidant pléchúfaidant féchúfaidant péféchúfaidant chúfaidantaik
Negative naŕchúfaidant naŕnupéchúfaidant naŕpéchúfaidant naŕpléchúfaidant naŕféchúfaidant naŕpéféchúfaidant naŕchúfaidantaik
Passive Prospective
Affirmative chúfaidaijat nupéchúfaidaijat péchúfaidaijat pléchúfaidaijat féchúfaidaijat péféchúfaidaijat chúfaidaijaik
Negative naŕchúfaidaijat naŕnupéchúfaidaijat naŕpéchúfaidaijat naŕpléchúfaidaijat naŕféchúfaidaijat naŕpéféchúfaidaijat naŕchúfaidaijaik
Passive Perfect
Affirmative chúfaidavat nupéchúfaidavat péchúfaidavat pléchúfaidavat féchúfaidavat péféchúfaidavat chúfaidavaik
Negative naŕchúfaidavat naŕnupéchúfaidavat naŕpéchúfaidavat naŕpléchúfaidavat naŕféchúfaidavat naŕpéféchúfaidavat naŕchúfaidavaik
Morpheme family
Usage notes

See also mal (bad/evil) and jeur (rude/offensive).

Related terms: fensel (jail/prison), chepon (arrest/apprehend), stásen (obey).

Added on: 2017-09-02, 23:15View semantic data
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chuf