Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/brul

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brul- (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
Meaning: hot, flaming, sweltering, burning; hottie (Slang), hotshot (Slang); popular (Figurative)
(Gloss: hot)
Etymology: From French brûler (burn).

Morpheme length: 4 (B L R U)blru blru Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: CCVC • IPA: /bɹuːl/bɹuːlSyllables: 1 (brul)

Default word class: Adjective

Mutated forms (1d)

Before root with l as second or later letter: bruŕ • Before unaccented vowels: brúl • Before all other morphemes: brul

Lexeme
Noun (Animate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Pan-gender
Regular
Singular brúlo brúla brulé
Plural brúlos brúlas brulés
Articulated
Definite Singular brullo brulla brullé
Plural brullos brullas brullés
Indefinite Singular brúluno brúluna brullé
Plural brúlunos brúlunas brullés
Complex
Forms tüobbrul- tüabbrul- brul-
Offspring
Older Singular brulódro brulódra brulódré
Plural brulódros brulódras brulódrés
Younger Singular brulódredo brulódreda brulódrède
Plural brulódredos brulódredas brulódrèdes
Age
Juvenile Singular brúledo brúleda brulède
Plural brúledos brúledas brulèdes
Adolescent Singular brúleshoano brúleshoana brúleshoane
Plural brúleshoanos brúleshoanas brúleshoanes
Adult Singular bruŕeushelo bruŕeushela bruŕeushèle
Plural bruŕeushelos bruŕeushelas bruŕeushèles
Geriatric Singular bruŕeldo bruŕelda bruŕelde
Plural bruŕeldos bruŕeldas bruŕeldes
Size
Diminutive Singular brúleto
brúlaubimo
brúleta
brúlaubima
brúlète
brúlaubime
Plural brúletos
brúlaubimos
brúletas
brúlaubimas
brúlètes
brúlaubimes
Medial Singular brúleado
brúlaubamo
brúleada
brúlaubama
brúleade
brúlaubame
Plural brúleados
brúlaubamos
brúleadas
brúlaubamas
brúleades
brúlaubames
Augmentative Singular brúlardo
brúlaubaumo
brúlarda
brúlaubauma
brúlarde
brúlaubaume
Plural brúlardos
brúlaubaumos
brúlardas
brúlaubaumas
brúlardes
brúlaubaumes
Adjective
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive Singular brúli brúlausmi brúlausomi
Plural brúlis brúlausmis brúlausomis
Negative Singular brúli brúleusmi brúleusomi
Plural brúlis brúleusmis brúleusomis
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject brul- brul-s
brúlouz-
brul(öut/öur)-
Topic brúleun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
brúlieb- brúlieb-s
brúlouzieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
brúlerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
brúlad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
brúlad- brúlouzad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
brulúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar brult-(s)
Formal brúlust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
brúloz- brúloz-s
brúlöutoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
brúlorz- brúlorz-s
brúlöutorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
brúlten-
bruŕzol-
brúlouśten-
brúlouzzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
brúlabuam- brúlouzabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
brúlemek- brúlouzemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
brúŕútil- brúlouzútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
brúlaurd- brúlouzaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
brúlómist- brúlouzómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
brúlaseb- brúlöutaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
brúlauvek- brúlouzauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
brúlẽrgim- brúlouzẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
brúŕesil- brúlöutésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
brúlósot-
brúläffim-
brúlöutósot-
brúlouzäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
brúlaup- brúlouzaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
brúläuvv- brúlouzäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
brúlproxim- brúlouśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
brúlíak- brúlouzíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
brúŕault- brúlouzault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
brúŕauload- brúlouzauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
brúltranz- brúlouśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
brúlint- brúlouzint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
brúlintaup- brúlouzintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
brúltug- brúlouśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
brúltúgaup- brúlouśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
brúltüvv- brúlouśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
brúlweg- brúlouzweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
brúŕúlem- brúlouzúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
brúloantem- brúlouzoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
brúlprev- brúlouśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
brúláprev- brúlouzáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
brúlond- brúlouzond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
brúleriv- brúlouzeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
brúlmoin- brúlouśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
brúlnend-
brúlausin-
brúlouśnend-
brúlöutausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
brúlaiv- brúlouzaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
bruŕseul- brúlouśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
brúlaubog- brúlouzaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
brúlopon- brúlouzopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
brúlévit- brúlouzévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
bruŕpótal- brúlouśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
brúŕuslen- brúlöutúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
bruŕmólen- brúlouśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
brúŕomil- brúlouzomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
brúlnand- brúlouśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
brúliz- brúlöutiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
brúlesit- brúlöutésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
brúloid- brúlouzoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
brúlausik- brúlöutausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
brúlaibem- brúlouzaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
brúlkuam- brúlouśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
brúlprin- brúlouśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
brúlar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕbrúlar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
brúlavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
brúlantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
brúlantavar brúlavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
brúlasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
brúlaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
brúŕábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
brúŕámelar brúŕeselar brulúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
brúŕaubilar brúlaisómar brúŕaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
souŕbrúlar vouŕbrúlar bouŕbrúlar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
brúlait! fébrúlait! naŕbrúlait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
brúlaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
brúlaine brúlé
Participles
Present Past
brúlant brúlaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative brúlat nupébrúlat pébrúlat plébrúlat fébrúlat péfébrúlat brúlaik
Negative naŕbrúlat naŕnupébrúlat naŕpébrúlat naŕplébrúlat naŕfébrúlat naŕpéfébrúlat naŕbrúlaik
Progressive
Affirmative brúlant nupébrúlant pébrúlant plébrúlant fébrúlant péfébrúlant brúlantaik
Negative naŕbrúlant naŕnupébrúlant naŕpébrúlant naŕplébrúlant naŕfébrúlant naŕpéfébrúlant naŕbrúlantaik
Continuative
Affirmative brúlasant nupébrúlasant pébrúlasant plébrúlasant fébrúlasant péfébrúlasant brúlasantaik
Negative naŕbrúlasant naŕnupébrúlasant naŕpébrúlasant naŕplébrúlasant naŕfébrúlasant naŕpéfébrúlasant naŕbrúlasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative brúlaijat nupébrúlaijat pébrúlaijat plébrúlaijat fébrúlaijat péfébrúlaijat brúlaijaik
Negative naŕbrúlaijat naŕnupébrúlaijat naŕpébrúlaijat naŕplébrúlaijat naŕfébrúlaijat naŕpéfébrúlaijat naŕbrúlaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative brúlavat nupébrúlavat pébrúlavat plébrúlavat fébrúlavat péfébrúlavat brúlavaik
Negative naŕbrúlavat naŕnupébrúlavat naŕpébrúlavat naŕplébrúlavat naŕfébrúlavat naŕpéfébrúlavat naŕbrúlavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative brúlantavat nupébrúlantavat pébrúlantavat plébrúlantavat fébrúlantavat péfébrúlantavat brúlantavaik
Negative naŕbrúlantavat naŕnupébrúlantavat naŕpébrúlantavat naŕplébrúlantavat naŕfébrúlantavat naŕpéfébrúlantavat naŕbrúlantavaik
Morpheme family
Usage notes

This root serves as an impersonal "weather verb" (along with pleuv [rain], nívin [snow], choul [cold], síklif [icy], and waurm [warm]).

Derived term: brúlid (heat). Causative verb: brúlinz (heat up). Related term: flâm (flame/fire).

Weather terms in Relformaide
framzer (weather) • framzertánul (meteorology) • framzeríen (weatherperson/forecaster)

framzérain (climate) • framzéraintánul (climatology) • framzérainíen (climatologist) • framzérainótrinz (climate change)

brul (hot) • waurm (warm) • choul (cold) • síklif (icy)

klair (clear; of skies) • ben (fair) • soleuz (sunny) • núvolif (cloudy) • tuareneuz (foggy/hazy) • pleuv (rainy) • nívin (snowy) • súflif (windy/breezy) • kamegif (stormy) • tórúvif (rough; at sea)

trúmel (thunder)/trúmelluz (lightning) • zíelvóraun (tornado/twister) • súflikameg (derecho) • sîgloan (cyclone/hurricane/typhoon) • sîgloanet (tropical storm)
Added on: 2016-12-28, 08:17View semantic data
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brul