Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/bem

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bem- (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
Meaning: buy, purchase, acquire; acquisition
(Gloss: buy, purchase, acquire)
Etymology: From Northern Qiang bemɑ. (Found at PanLex's PanLinx.)

Morpheme length: 3 (B E M)bem bem Category:Isogram morphemes Category:Abecedarian morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: CVC • IPA: /bɛm/bɛmSyllables: 1 (bem)

Default word class: Verb

Mutated forms (2a)

Before -e termison: bèm • Before inz: bém • Before all other morphemes: bem

Lexeme
Noun (Inanimate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Regular
Singular bème
Plural bèmes
Articulated
Definite Singular bemile
Plural bemiles
Indefinite Singular bemile
Plural bemiles
Size
Diminutive Singular bemète
Plural bemètes
Medial Singular bemeade
Plural bemeades
Augmentative Singular bemarde
Plural bemardes
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject bem- bem-s
bemouz-
bem(öut/öur)-
Topic bemeun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
bemieb- bemieb-s
bemouzieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
bemerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
bemad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
bemad- bemouzad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
bemúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar bemt-(s)
Formal bemust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
bemoz- bemoz-s
bemöutoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
bemorz- bemorz-s
bemöutorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
bemten-
bemzol-
bemouśten-
bemouzzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
bemabuam- bemouzabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
bémemek- bemouzemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
bemútil- bemouzútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
bemaurd- bemouzaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
bemómist- bemouzómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
bemaseb- bemöutaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
bemauvek- bemouzauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
bemẽrgim- bemouzẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
bemesil- bemöutésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
bemósot-
bemäffim-
bemöutósot-
bemouzäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
bemaup- bemouzaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
bemäuvv- bemouzäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
bemproxim- bemouśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
bemíak- bemouzíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
bemault- bemouzault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
bemauload- bemouzauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
bemtranz- bemouśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
bemint- bemouzint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
bemintaup- bemouzintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
bemtug- bemouśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
bemtúgaup- bemouśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
bemtüvv- bemouśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
bemweg- bemouzweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
bemúlem- bemouzúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
bemoantem- bemouzoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
bemprev- bemouśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
bemáprev- bemouzáprev-
Temporal During...
(TEMP)
bemwob- bemouzwob-
Limitative By (the time of)...
(LMT)
bemmaurad- bemouśmaurad-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
bemond- bemouzond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
bemeriv- bemouzeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
bemmoin- bemouśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
bemnend-
bemausin-
bemouśnend-
bemöutausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
bemaiv- bemouzaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
bemseul- bemouśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
bemaubog- bemouzaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
bemopon- bemouzopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
bemévit- bemouzévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
bempótal- bemouśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
bemuslen- bemöutúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
bemmólen- bemouśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
bemomil- bemouzomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
bemnand- bemouśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
bemiz- bemöutiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
bemesit- bemöutésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
bemoid- bemouzoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
bemausik- bemöutausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
bemaibem- bemouzaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
bemkuam- bemouśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
bemprin- bemouśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
bemar bemaidar
Negative Active Negative Passive
nalbemar nalbemaidar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
bemavar bemaidavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
bemantar bemaidantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
bemantavar bemavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
bemasantar bemaidasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
bemaijar bemaidaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
bemábilar bemaibilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
bemámelar bemeselar bemúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
bemaubilar bemaisómar bemaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
soulbemar voulbemar boulbemar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
bemait! fébemait! nalbemait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
fébemaide, fébemaidi bemaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
bemaine bème
Participles
Present Past
bemant bemaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative bemat nupébemat pébemat plébemat fébemat péfébemat bemaik
Negative nalbemat naŕnupébemat naŕpébemat naŕplébemat naŕfébemat naŕpéfébemat nalbemaik
Progressive
Affirmative bemant nupébemant pébemant plébemant fébemant péfébemant bemantaik
Negative nalbemant naŕnupébemant naŕpébemant naŕplébemant naŕfébemant naŕpéfébemant nalbemantaik
Continuative
Affirmative bemasant nupébemasant pébemasant plébemasant fébemasant péfébemasant bemasantaik
Negative nalbemasant naŕnupébemasant naŕpébemasant naŕplébemasant naŕfébemasant naŕpéfébemasant nalbemasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative bemaijat nupébemaijat pébemaijat plébemaijat fébemaijat péfébemaijat bemaijaik
Negative nalbemaijat naŕnupébemaijat naŕpébemaijat naŕplébemaijat naŕfébemaijat naŕpéfébemaijat nalbemaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative bemavat nupébemavat pébemavat plébemavat fébemavat péfébemavat bemavaik
Negative nalbemavat naŕnupébemavat naŕpébemavat naŕplébemavat naŕfébemavat naŕpéfébemavat nalbemavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative bemantavat nupébemantavat pébemantavat plébemantavat fébemantavat péfébemantavat bemantavaik
Negative nalbemantavat naŕnupébemantavat naŕpébemantavat naŕplébemantavat naŕfébemantavat naŕpéfébemantavat nalbemantavaik
Passive Simple
Affirmative bemaidat nupébemaidat pébemaidat plébemaidat fébemaidat péfébemaidat bemaidaik
Negative nalbemaidat naŕnupébemaidat naŕpébemaidat naŕplébemaidat naŕfébemaidat naŕpéfébemaidat nalbemaidaik
Passive Progressive
Affirmative bemaidant nupébemaidant pébemaidant plébemaidant fébemaidant péfébemaidant bemaidantaik
Negative nalbemaidant naŕnupébemaidant naŕpébemaidant naŕplébemaidant naŕfébemaidant naŕpéfébemaidant nalbemaidantaik
Passive Prospective
Affirmative bemaidaijat nupébemaidaijat pébemaidaijat plébemaidaijat fébemaidaijat péfébemaidaijat bemaidaijaik
Negative nalbemaidaijat naŕnupébemaidaijat naŕpébemaidaijat naŕplébemaidaijat naŕfébemaidaijat naŕpéfébemaidaijat nalbemaidaijaik
Passive Perfect
Affirmative bemaidavat nupébemaidavat pébemaidavat plébemaidavat fébemaidavat péfébemaidavat bemaidavaik
Negative nalbemaidavat naŕnupébemaidavat naŕpébemaidavat naŕplébemaidavat naŕfébemaidavat naŕpéfébemaidavat nalbemaidavaik
Morpheme family
Usage notes

Derived term: bemíen (buyer). Antonym: proad (sell). Related term: turag (business/commerce/trade). See also guld (pay).

Northern Qiang is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken in Sichuan, China.

Added on: 2017-10-17, 19:08View semantic data
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bem