Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/bel

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bel- (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
Meaning: beautiful; pretty, pulchritudinous, handsome, fair, lovely; beauty (n), belle (n)
(Gloss: beautiful)
Etymology: From French/Norman/Interlingua belle, Spanish/Italian bello/bella, Portuguese belo/bela, Ido beli, and Novial bela (among various other Indo-European cognates; descended from Latin bellus).

Morpheme length: 3 (B E L)bel bel Category:Isogram morphemes Category:Abecedarian morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: CVC • IPA: /bɛl/bɛlSyllables: 1 (bel)

Default word class: Adjective

Mutated forms (2e)

Before -e termison: bèl • Before root with l as second or later letter: beŕ • Before inz: bél • Before all other morphemes: bel

Lexeme
Noun (Animate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Pan-gender
Regular
Singular belo bela bèle
Plural belos belas bèles
Articulated
Definite Singular bello bella bellé
Plural bellos bellas bellés
Indefinite Singular beluno beluna bellé
Plural belunos belunas bellés
Complex
Forms tüobbel- tüabbel- bel-
Offspring
Older Singular belódro belódra belódré
Plural belódros belódras belódrés
Younger Singular belódredo belódreda belódrède
Plural belódredos belódredas belódrèdes
Age
Newborn Singular belebo beleba belèbe
Plural belebos belebas belèbes
Juvenile Singular beledo beleda belède
Plural beledos beledas belèdes
Adolescent Singular beleshoano beleshoana beleshoane
Plural beleshoanos beleshoanas beleshoanes
Adult Singular beŕeushelo beŕeushela beŕeushèle
Plural beŕeushelos beŕeushelas beŕeushèles
Geriatric Singular beŕeldo beŕelda beŕelde
Plural beŕeldos beŕeldas beŕeldes
Size
Diminutive Singular beleto
belaubimo
beleta
belaubima
belète
belaubime
Plural beletos
belaubimos
beletas
belaubimas
belètes
belaubimes
Medial Singular beleado
belaubamo
beleada
belaubama
beleade
belaubame
Plural beleados
belaubamos
beleadas
belaubamas
beleades
belaubames
Augmentative Singular belardo
belaubaumo
belarda
belaubauma
belarde
belaubaume
Plural belardos
belaubaumos
belardas
belaubaumas
belardes
belaubaumes
Adjective
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive Singular beli belausmi belausomi
Plural belis belausmis belausomis
Negative Singular beli beleusmi beleusomi
Plural belis beleusmis beleusomis
Adverb
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive belu belausmu belausomu
Negative beleusmu beleusomu
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject bel- bel-s
belouz-
bel(öut/öur)-
Topic beleun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
belieb- belieb-s
belouzieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
belerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
belad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
belad- belouzad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
belúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar belt-(s)
Formal belust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
beloz- beloz-s
belöutoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
belorz- belorz-s
belöutorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
belten-
beŕzol-
belouśten-
belouzzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
belabuam- belouzabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
belemek- belouzemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
beŕútil- belouzútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
belaurd- belouzaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
belómist- belouzómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
belaseb- belöutaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
belauvek- belouzauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
belẽrgim- belouzẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
beŕesil- belöutésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
belósot-
beläffim-
belöutósot-
belouzäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
belaup- belouzaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
beläuvv- belouzäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
belproxim- belouśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
belíak- belouzíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
beŕault- belouzault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
beŕauload- belouzauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
beltranz- belouśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
belint- belouzint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
belintaup- belouzintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
beltug- belouśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
beltúgaup- belouśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
beltüvv- belouśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
belweg- belouzweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
beŕúlem- belouzúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
beloantem- belouzoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
belprev- belouśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
beláprev- belouzáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
belond- belouzond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
beleriv- belouzeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
belmoin- belouśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
belnend-
belausin-
belouśnend-
belöutausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
belaiv- belouzaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
beŕseul- belouśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
belaubog- belouzaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
belopon- belouzopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
belévit- belouzévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
beŕpótal- belouśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
beŕuslen- belöutúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
beŕmólen- belouśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
beŕomil- belouzomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
belnand- belouśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
beliz- belöutiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
belesit- belöutésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
beloid- belouzoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
belausik- belöutausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
belaibem- belouzaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
belkuam- belouśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
belprin- belouśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
belar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕbelar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
belavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
belantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
belantavar belavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
belasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
belaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
beŕábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
beŕámelar beŕeselar belúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
beŕaubilar belaisómar beŕaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
souŕbelar vouŕbelar bouŕbelar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
belait! fébelait! naŕbelait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
belaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
belaine bèle
Participles
Present Past
belant belaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative belat nupébelat pébelat plébelat fébelat péfébelat belaik
Negative naŕbelat naŕnupébelat naŕpébelat naŕplébelat naŕfébelat naŕpéfébelat naŕbelaik
Progressive
Affirmative belant nupébelant pébelant plébelant fébelant péfébelant belantaik
Negative naŕbelant naŕnupébelant naŕpébelant naŕplébelant naŕfébelant naŕpéfébelant naŕbelantaik
Continuative
Affirmative belasant nupébelasant pébelasant plébelasant fébelasant péfébelasant belasantaik
Negative naŕbelasant naŕnupébelasant naŕpébelasant naŕplébelasant naŕfébelasant naŕpéfébelasant naŕbelasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative belaijat nupébelaijat pébelaijat plébelaijat fébelaijat péfébelaijat belaijaik
Negative naŕbelaijat naŕnupébelaijat naŕpébelaijat naŕplébelaijat naŕfébelaijat naŕpéfébelaijat naŕbelaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative belavat nupébelavat pébelavat plébelavat fébelavat péfébelavat belavaik
Negative naŕbelavat naŕnupébelavat naŕpébelavat naŕplébelavat naŕfébelavat naŕpéfébelavat naŕbelavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative belantavat nupébelantavat pébelantavat plébelantavat fébelantavat péfébelantavat belantavaik
Negative naŕbelantavat naŕnupébelantavat naŕpébelantavat naŕplébelantavat naŕfébelantavat naŕpéfébelantavat naŕbelantavaik
Morpheme family
Usage notes

Derived terms: belid (beauty), belskríbaid (calligraphy), belstrouz (avenue). Related term: yoaf (attractive). See also chạrm.

Added on: 2018-05-12, 06:17View semantic data
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