Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/balam

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balam- (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
Meaning: jaguar
(Gloss: jaguar)
Etymology: From Tzeltal balam.

Morpheme length: 5 (A A B L M)aablm ablm Morpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: CVCVC • IPA: /bæ.læm/bæ, læmSyllables: 2 (ba, lam)CV, CVC

Default word class: Noun

Mutated forms (1a)

Before inz: balám • Before all other morphemes: balam

Lexeme
Noun (Animate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Pan-gender
Regular
Singular balamo balama balame
Plural balamos balamas balames
Articulated
Definite Singular balamlo balamla balamile
Plural balamlos balamlas balamiles
Indefinite Singular balamuno balamuna balamile
Plural balamunos balamunas balamiles
Complex
Forms tüobbalam- tüabbalam- balam-
Offspring
Older Singular balamódro balamódra balamódré
Plural balamódros balamódras balamódrés
Younger Singular balamódredo balamódreda balamódrède
Plural balamódredos balamódredas balamódrèdes
Age
Newborn Singular balamebo balameba balamèbe
Plural balamebos balamebas balamèbes
Juvenile Singular balamedo balameda balamède
Plural balamedos balamedas balamèdes
Adolescent Singular balameshoano balameshoana balameshoane
Plural balameshoanos balameshoanas balameshoanes
Adult Singular balameushelo balameushela balameushèle
Plural balameushelos balameushelas balameushèles
Geriatric Singular balameldo balamelda balamelde
Plural balameldos balameldas balameldes
Size
Diminutive Singular balameto balameta balamète
Plural balametos balametas balamètes
Medial Singular balameado balameada balameade
Plural balameados balameadas balameades
Augmentative Singular balamardo balamarda balamarde
Plural balamardos balamardas balamardes
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject balam- balam-s
balamouz-
balam(öut/öur)-
Topic balameun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
balamieb- balamieb-s
balamouzieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
balamerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
balamad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
balamad- balamouzad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
balamúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar balamt-(s)
Formal balamust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
balamoz- balamoz-s
balamöutoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
balamorz- balamorz-s
balamöutorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
balamten-
balamzol-
balamouśten-
balamouzzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
balamabuam- balamouzabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
balamemek- balamouzemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
balamútil- balamouzútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
balamaurd- balamouzaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
balamómist- balamouzómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
balamaseb- balamöutaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
balamauvek- balamouzauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
balamẽrgim- balamouzẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
balamesil- balamöutésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
balamósot-
balamäffim-
balamöutósot-
balamouzäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
balamaup- balamouzaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
balamäuvv- balamouzäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
balamproxim- balamouśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
balamíak- balamouzíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
balamault- balamouzault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
balamauload- balamouzauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
balamtranz- balamouśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
balamint- balamouzint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
balamintaup- balamouzintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
balamtug- balamouśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
balamtúgaup- balamouśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
balamtüvv- balamouśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
balamweg- balamouzweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
balamúlem- balamouzúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
balamoantem- balamouzoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
balamprev- balamouśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
balamáprev- balamouzáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
balamond- balamouzond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
balameriv- balamouzeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
balammoin- balamouśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
balamnend-
balamausin-
balamouśnend-
balamöutausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
balamaiv- balamouzaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
balamseul- balamouśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
balamaubog- balamouzaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
balamopon- balamouzopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
balamévit- balamouzévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
balampótal- balamouśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
balamuslen- balamöutúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
balammólen- balamouśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
balamomil- balamouzomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
balamnand- balamouśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
balamiz- balamöutiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
balamesit- balamöutésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
balamoid- balamouzoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
balamausik- balamöutausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
balamaibem- balamouzaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
balamkuam- balamouśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
balamprin- balamouśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Morpheme family
None
Hyponym of
nekoidProject:Roots/nekoid (feline)
Usage notes

Tzeltal is a Mayan language spoken in southeastern Mexico.

Other felines with spotted fur: dumal (cheetah), segel (leopard).

Added on: 2017-11-21, 05:06View semantic data
A

balam