Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/ault

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-ault- (Derivational Affixoid)ABCCategory:Roots Category:Affixes (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
(Post-vowel: ńault-)
Meaning: high, above, up; height, altitude, zenith; altessive case marker
(Gloss: high, tall, above / ALT) Category:Case markers
Etymology: From Latin altus. (Cf. French haut.)

Morpheme length: 4 (A L T U)altu altu Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: VVCC • IPA: /ɔlt/ɔltSyllables: 1 (ault)

Default word class: Adposition

Mutated forms (U1b)
Before next...
a ault b äulb ch äull d äuld
e ault f äulf g äulg h ault
i ault j äulj k äulk l ault
m äulm n äuln o ault p äulp
r ault s äuls t ault u ault
v äulv w ault y ault z äulz
Lexeme
Noun (Inanimate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Regular
Singular aulté
Plural aultés
Articulated
Definite Singular aultile
Plural aultiles
Indefinite Singular aultile
Plural aultiles
Size
Diminutive Singular aultète
aultaubime
Plural aultètes
aultaubimes
Medial Singular aulteade
aultaubame
Plural aulteades
aultaubames
Augmentative Singular aultarde
aultaubaume
Plural aultardes
aultaubaumes
Adjective
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive Singular aulti aultausmi aultausomi
Plural aultis aultausmis aultausomis
Negative Singular aulti aulteusmi aulteusomi
Plural aultis aulteusmis aulteusomis
Adverb
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive aultu aultausmu aultausomu
Negative aulteusmu aulteusomu
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject ault- ault-s
aultuez-
ault(üet/üer)-
Topic aulteun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
aultieb- aultieb-s
aultuezieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
aulterij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
aultad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
aultad- aultuezad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
aultúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar aultt-(s)
Formal aultust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
aultoz- aultoz-s
aultüetoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
aultorz- aultorz-s
aultüetorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
aultten-
äulzzol-
aultueśten-
aultuezzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
aultabuam- aultuezabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
aultemek- aultuezemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
aultútil- aultuezútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
aultaurd- aultuezaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
aultómist- aultuezómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
aultaseb- aultüetaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
aultauvek- aultuezauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
aultẽrgim- aultuezẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
aultesil- aultüetésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
aultósot-
aultäffim-
aultüetósot-
aultuezäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
aultaup- aultuezaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
aultäuvv- aultuezäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
äulpproxim- aultueśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
aultíak- aultuezíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
aultault- aultuezault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
aultauload- aultuezauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
aulttranz- aultueśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
aultint- aultuezint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
aultintaup- aultuezintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
aulttug- aultueśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
aulttúgaup- aultueśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
aulttüvv- aultueśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
aultweg- aultuezweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
aultúlem- aultuezúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
aultoantem- aultuezoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
äulpprev- aultueśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
aultáprev- aultuezáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
aultond- aultuezond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
aulteriv- aultuezeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
äulmmoin- aultueśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
äulnnend-
aultausin-
aultueśnend-
aultüetausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
aultaiv- aultuezaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
äulsseul- aultueśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
aultaubog- aultuezaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
aultopon- aultuezopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
aultévit- aultuezévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
äulppótal- aultueśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
aultuslen- aultüetúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
äulmmólen- aultueśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
aultomil- aultuezomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
äulnnand- aultueśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
aultiz- aultüetiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
aultesit- aultüetésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
aultoid- aultuezoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
aultausik- aultüetausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
aultaibem- aultuezaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
äulkkuam- aultueśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
äulpprin- aultueśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
aultar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕaultar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
aultavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
aultantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
aultantavar aultavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
aultasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
aultaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
aultábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
aultámelar aulteselar aultúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
aultaubilar aultaisómar aultaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
souŕaultar vouŕaultar bouŕaultar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
aultait! feraultait! naŕaultait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
aultaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
aultaine aulté
Participles
Present Past
aultant aultaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative aultat nuperaultat peraultat pleraultat feraultat péferaultat aultaik
Negative naŕaultat naŕnuperaultat naŕperaultat naŕpleraultat naŕferaultat naŕpéferaultat naŕaultaik
Progressive
Affirmative aultant nuperaultant peraultant pleraultant feraultant péferaultant aultantaik
Negative naŕaultant naŕnuperaultant naŕperaultant naŕpleraultant naŕferaultant naŕpéferaultant naŕaultantaik
Continuative
Affirmative aultasant nuperaultasant peraultasant pleraultasant feraultasant péferaultasant aultasantaik
Negative naŕaultasant naŕnuperaultasant naŕperaultasant naŕpleraultasant naŕferaultasant naŕpéferaultasant naŕaultasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative aultaijat nuperaultaijat peraultaijat pleraultaijat feraultaijat péferaultaijat aultaijaik
Negative naŕaultaijat naŕnuperaultaijat naŕperaultaijat naŕpleraultaijat naŕferaultaijat naŕpéferaultaijat naŕaultaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative aultavat nuperaultavat peraultavat pleraultavat feraultavat péferaultavat aultavaik
Negative naŕaultavat naŕnuperaultavat naŕperaultavat naŕpleraultavat naŕferaultavat naŕpéferaultavat naŕaultavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative aultantavat nuperaultantavat peraultantavat pleraultantavat feraultantavat péferaultantavat aultantavaik
Negative naŕaultantavat naŕnuperaultantavat naŕperaultantavat naŕpleraultantavat naŕferaultantavat naŕpéferaultantavat naŕaultantavaik
Adposition ault
Morpheme family
Usage notes

The adjective, adverb, and verb mean "(to be) high"; the noun, "height"/"altitude"; and the adposition, "above".

See also aulxaum (tall in height), aultad (up above), aultaup (upward), aultinz (raise something up), and íak (on the surface of).

Antonym: úlem (low, below).

Added on: 2016-11-25, 14:40View semantic data
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