Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/aubil

From Hacked by Del.icio.us!
Jump to: navigation, search
-aubil- (Inflectional Suffixoid)ABCategory:Roots Category:Affixes (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
(Post-vowel: ńaubil-)
Meaning: start being, start doing; inchoative aspect marker, inceptive aspect marker
(Gloss: INCH, INCPT)
Etymology: After Lingua Franca Nova aboli and English abolish. (Found at PanLex's PanLinx.)

Morpheme length: 5 (A B I L U)abilu abilu Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: VVCVC • IPA: /ɔ.bɪl/ɔ, bɪlSyllables: 2 (au, bil)VV, CVC

Default word class: Verb

Mutated forms (1d)

Before root with l as second or later letter: aubiŕ • Before inz: aubíl • Before all other morphemes: aubil

Lexeme
Noun (Animate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Pan-gender
Regular
Singular aubilo aubila aubile
Plural aubilos aubilas aubiles
Articulated
Definite Singular aubillo aubilla aubillé
Plural aubillos aubillas aubillés
Indefinite Singular aubiluno aubiluna aubillé
Plural aubilunos aubilunas aubillés
Complex
Forms tuomaubil- tuamaubil- aubil-
Offspring
Older Singular aubilódro aubilódra aubilódré
Plural aubilódros aubilódras aubilódrés
Younger Singular aubilódredo aubilódreda aubilódrède
Plural aubilódredos aubilódredas aubilódrèdes
Age
Adult Singular aubiŕeushelo aubiŕeushela aubiŕeushèle
Plural aubiŕeushelos aubiŕeushelas aubiŕeushèles
Geriatric Singular aubiŕeldo aubiŕelda aubiŕelde
Plural aubiŕeldos aubiŕeldas aubiŕeldes
Size
Diminutive Singular aubileto aubileta aubilète
Plural aubiletos aubiletas aubilètes
Medial Singular aubileado aubileada aubileade
Plural aubileados aubileadas aubileades
Augmentative Singular aubilardo aubilarda aubilarde
Plural aubilardos aubilardas aubilardes
Adjective
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Absolute Singular aubili
Plural aubilis
Adverb
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive aubilu
Negative
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject aubil- aubil-s
aubilouz-
aubil(öut/öur)-
Topic aubileun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
aubilieb- aubilieb-s
aubilouzieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
aubilerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
aubilad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
aubilad- aubilouzad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
aubilúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar aubilt-(s)
Formal aubilust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
aubiloz- aubiloz-s
aubilöutoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
aubilorz- aubilorz-s
aubilöutorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
aubilten-
aubiŕzol-
aubilouśten-
aubilouzzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
aubilabuam- aubilouzabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
aubilemek- aubilouzemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
aubiŕútil- aubilouzútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
aubilaurd- aubilouzaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
aubilómist- aubilouzómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
aubilaseb- aubilöutaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
aubilauvek- aubilouzauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
aubilẽrgim- aubilouzẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
aubiŕesil- aubilöutésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
aubilósot-
aubiläffim-
aubilöutósot-
aubilouzäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
aubilaup- aubilouzaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
aubiläuvv- aubilouzäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
aubilproxim- aubilouśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
aubilíak- aubilouzíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
aubiŕault- aubilouzault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
aubiŕauload- aubilouzauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
aubiltranz- aubilouśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
aubilint- aubilouzint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
aubilintaup- aubilouzintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
aubiltug- aubilouśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
aubiltúgaup- aubilouśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
aubiltüvv- aubilouśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
aubilweg- aubilouzweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
aubiŕúlem- aubilouzúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
aubiloantem- aubilouzoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
aubilprev- aubilouśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
aubiláprev- aubilouzáprev-
Temporal During...
(TEMP)
aubilwob- aubilouzwob-
Limitative By (the time of)...
(LMT)
aubilmaurad- aubilouśmaurad-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
aubilond- aubilouzond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
aubileriv- aubilouzeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
aubilmoin- aubilouśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
aubilnend-
aubilausin-
aubilouśnend-
aubilöutausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
aubilaiv- aubilouzaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
aubiŕseul- aubilouśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
aubilaubog- aubilouzaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
aubilopon- aubilouzopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
aubilévit- aubilouzévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
aubiŕpótal- aubilouśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
aubiŕuslen- aubilöutúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
aubiŕmólen- aubilouśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
aubiŕomil- aubilouzomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
aubilnand- aubilouśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
aubiliz- aubilöutiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
aubilesit- aubilöutésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
aubiloid- aubilouzoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
aubilausik- aubilöutausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
aubilaibem- aubilouzaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
aubilkuam- aubilouśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
aubilprin- aubilouśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
aubilar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕaubilar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
aubilavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
aubilantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
aubilantavar aubilavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
aubilasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
aubilaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
aubiŕábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
aubiŕámelar aubiŕeselar aubilúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
aubiŕaubilar aubilaisómar aubiŕaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
souŕaubilar vouŕaubilar bouŕaubilar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
aubilait! feraubilait! naŕaubilait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
aubilaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
aubilaine aubilé
Participles
Present Past
aubilant aubilaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative aubilat nuperaubilat peraubilat pleraubilat feraubilat péferaubilat aubilaik
Negative naŕaubilat naŕnuperaubilat naŕperaubilat naŕpleraubilat naŕferaubilat naŕpéferaubilat naŕaubilaik
Progressive
Affirmative aubilant nuperaubilant peraubilant pleraubilant feraubilant péferaubilant aubilantaik
Negative naŕaubilant naŕnuperaubilant naŕperaubilant naŕpleraubilant naŕferaubilant naŕpéferaubilant naŕaubilantaik
Continuative
Affirmative aubilasant nuperaubilasant peraubilasant pleraubilasant feraubilasant péferaubilasant aubilasantaik
Negative naŕaubilasant naŕnuperaubilasant naŕperaubilasant naŕpleraubilasant naŕferaubilasant naŕpéferaubilasant naŕaubilasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative aubilaijat nuperaubilaijat peraubilaijat pleraubilaijat feraubilaijat péferaubilaijat aubilaijaik
Negative naŕaubilaijat naŕnuperaubilaijat naŕperaubilaijat naŕpleraubilaijat naŕferaubilaijat naŕpéferaubilaijat naŕaubilaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative aubilavat nuperaubilavat peraubilavat pleraubilavat feraubilavat péferaubilavat aubilavaik
Negative naŕaubilavat naŕnuperaubilavat naŕperaubilavat naŕpleraubilavat naŕferaubilavat naŕpéferaubilavat naŕaubilavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative aubilantavat nuperaubilantavat peraubilantavat pleraubilantavat feraubilantavat péferaubilantavat aubilantavaik
Negative naŕaubilantavat naŕnuperaubilantavat naŕperaubilantavat naŕpleraubilantavat naŕferaubilantavat naŕpéferaubilantavat naŕaubilantavaik
Morpheme family
None
Usage notes

Denotes that an object has started to do something or begun to possess the attribute (in the present), as in saulteuzaubili (starting to be salty) and danzaubilar (to begin dancing).

This aspect particle is distinct from time-based prem, as well as brem (become something).

Antonym: aubel (cessative aspect marker).

Relformaide's Tense–aspect–mood (TAM) system
Tense
(Tíempe)
nupé- (recent past) • pé- (simple past) • plé- (discontinuous past) • fé- (future) • péfé- (future in the past)
Aspect
(Aspekte)
Prefixoids vasit (intentional) • tasiv (accidental)
Suffixoids av (perfect) • aubil (inchoative/inceptive) • ábuim (expectative) • oajem (momentane) • ámel (frequentative) • aisom (completive) • aubel (cessative)
Suffixes -ant (continuous/progressive) • -asant (continuative) • -aij (prospective)
Mood
(Sindèle)
Prefixoids voul/soul (desiderative) • boul (necessitative)
Suffixoids ábil (potential)/aibil (potential passive) • esel (dubitative)
Suffixes -ar (infinitive) • -at (indicative) • -aik (conditional/subjunctive) • -ait (imperative)
Added on: 2018-06-19, 05:14View semantic data
A

aubil