Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/aubel

From Hacked by Del.icio.us!
Jump to: navigation, search
aubel- (Inflectional Suffixoid)AB (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
(Post-vowel: ńaubel-)
Meaning: no more, not anymore, no longer; retired, retiree; cease, cease to be, step down, retire, wind down; cessative aspect marker
(Gloss: CESS)
Etymology: After Lingua Franca Nova aboli and English abolish. (Found at PanLex's PanLinx.)

Morpheme length: 5 (A B E L U)abelu abelu Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: VVCVC • IPA: /ɔ.bɛl/ɔ, bɛlSyllables: 2 (au, bel)VV, CVC

Default word class: Adjective

Mutated forms (2e)

Before -e termison: aubèl • Before root with l as second or later letter: aubeŕ • Before inz: aubél • Before all other morphemes: aubel

Lexeme
Noun (Animate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Pan-gender
Regular
Singular aubelo aubela aubèle
Plural aubelos aubelas aubèles
Articulated
Definite Singular aubello aubella aubellé
Plural aubellos aubellas aubellés
Indefinite Singular aubeluno aubeluna aubellé
Plural aubelunos aubelunas aubellés
Complex
Forms tuomaubel- tuamaubel- aubel-
Offspring
Older Singular aubelódro aubelódra aubelódré
Plural aubelódros aubelódras aubelódrés
Younger Singular aubelódredo aubelódreda aubelódrède
Plural aubelódredos aubelódredas aubelódrèdes
Age
Adult Singular aubeŕeushelo aubeŕeushela aubeŕeushèle
Plural aubeŕeushelos aubeŕeushelas aubeŕeushèles
Geriatric Singular aubeŕeldo aubeŕelda aubeŕelde
Plural aubeŕeldos aubeŕeldas aubeŕeldes
Size
Diminutive Singular aubeleto aubeleta aubelète
Plural aubeletos aubeletas aubelètes
Medial Singular aubeleado aubeleada aubeleade
Plural aubeleados aubeleadas aubeleades
Augmentative Singular aubelardo aubelarda aubelarde
Plural aubelardos aubelardas aubelardes
Adjective
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Absolute Singular aubeli
Plural aubelis
Adverb
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive aubelu
Negative
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject aubel- aubel-s
aubelouz-
aubel(öut/öur)-
Topic aubeleun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
aubelieb- aubelieb-s
aubelouzieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
aubelerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
aubelad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
aubelad- aubelouzad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
aubelúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar aubelt-(s)
Formal aubelust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
aubeloz- aubeloz-s
aubelöutoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
aubelorz- aubelorz-s
aubelöutorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
aubelten-
aubeŕzol-
aubelouśten-
aubelouzzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
aubelabuam- aubelouzabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
aubelemek- aubelouzemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
aubeŕútil- aubelouzútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
aubelaurd- aubelouzaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
aubelómist- aubelouzómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
aubelaseb- aubelöutaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
aubelauvek- aubelouzauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
aubelẽrgim- aubelouzẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
aubeŕesil- aubelöutésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
aubelósot-
aubeläffim-
aubelöutósot-
aubelouzäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
aubelaup- aubelouzaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
aubeläuvv- aubelouzäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
aubelproxim- aubelouśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
aubelíak- aubelouzíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
aubeŕault- aubelouzault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
aubeŕauload- aubelouzauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
aubeltranz- aubelouśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
aubelint- aubelouzint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
aubelintaup- aubelouzintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
aubeltug- aubelouśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
aubeltúgaup- aubelouśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
aubeltüvv- aubelouśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
aubelweg- aubelouzweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
aubeŕúlem- aubelouzúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
aubeloantem- aubelouzoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
aubelprev- aubelouśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
aubeláprev- aubelouzáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
aubelond- aubelouzond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
aubeleriv- aubelouzeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
aubelmoin- aubelouśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
aubelnend-
aubelausin-
aubelouśnend-
aubelöutausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
aubelaiv- aubelouzaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
aubeŕseul- aubelouśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
aubelaubog- aubelouzaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
aubelopon- aubelouzopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
aubelévit- aubelouzévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
aubeŕpótal- aubelouśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
aubeŕuslen- aubelöutúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
aubeŕmólen- aubelouśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
aubeŕomil- aubelouzomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
aubelnand- aubelouśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
aubeliz- aubelöutiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
aubelesit- aubelöutésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
aubeloid- aubelouzoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
aubelausik- aubelöutausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
aubelaibem- aubelouzaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
aubelkuam- aubelouśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
aubelprin- aubelouśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
aubelar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕaubelar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
aubelavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
aubelantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
aubelantavar aubelavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
aubelasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
aubelaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
aubeŕábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
aubeŕámelar aubeŕeselar aubelúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
aubeŕaubilar aubelaisómar aubeŕaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
souŕaubelar vouŕaubelar bouŕaubelar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
aubelait! feraubelait! naŕaubelait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
aubelaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
aubelaine aubèle
Participles
Present Past
aubelant aubelaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative aubelat nuperaubelat peraubelat pleraubelat feraubelat péferaubelat aubelaik
Negative naŕaubelat naŕnuperaubelat naŕperaubelat naŕpleraubelat naŕferaubelat naŕpéferaubelat naŕaubelaik
Progressive
Affirmative aubelant nuperaubelant peraubelant pleraubelant feraubelant péferaubelant aubelantaik
Negative naŕaubelant naŕnuperaubelant naŕperaubelant naŕpleraubelant naŕferaubelant naŕpéferaubelant naŕaubelantaik
Continuative
Affirmative aubelasant nuperaubelasant peraubelasant pleraubelasant feraubelasant péferaubelasant aubelasantaik
Negative naŕaubelasant naŕnuperaubelasant naŕperaubelasant naŕpleraubelasant naŕferaubelasant naŕpéferaubelasant naŕaubelasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative aubelaijat nuperaubelaijat peraubelaijat pleraubelaijat feraubelaijat péferaubelaijat aubelaijaik
Negative naŕaubelaijat naŕnuperaubelaijat naŕperaubelaijat naŕpleraubelaijat naŕferaubelaijat naŕpéferaubelaijat naŕaubelaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative aubelavat nuperaubelavat peraubelavat pleraubelavat feraubelavat péferaubelavat aubelavaik
Negative naŕaubelavat naŕnuperaubelavat naŕperaubelavat naŕpleraubelavat naŕferaubelavat naŕpéferaubelavat naŕaubelavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative aubelantavat nuperaubelantavat peraubelantavat pleraubelantavat feraubelantavat péferaubelantavat aubelantavaik
Negative naŕaubelantavat naŕnuperaubelantavat naŕperaubelantavat naŕpleraubelantavat naŕferaubelantavat naŕpéferaubelantavat naŕaubelantavaik
Morpheme family
None
Usage notes

Corresponds to Hopi 's -viwa suffix (Seaman (1985), p. 537; Archive.org link). Denotes that an object has ceased to do something or no longer possesses the attribute (in the present), as in saulteuzaubeli (no longer salty) and puindāubèle (a chief or head who has finished their tenure).

This aspect particle is distinct from discontinuous past augment plé-, which specifies objects and actions that were once active or present, but are currently no longer: plésaulteuzi (once salty), plépuinde (former chief).

See also aisom (accomplish/achieve; completive aspect), fim (complete/finish), daustan (enough), tüvv (leave/exit), eriv (erase/delete/remove/rid/wipe out), -iz (turn into; translative suffix), and ond (without/lacking/-less; abessive suffix).

Antonym: aubil (inchoative aspect marker).

Relformaide's Tense–aspect–mood (TAM) system
Tense
(Tíempe)
nupé- (recent past) • pé- (simple past) • plé- (discontinuous past) • fé- (future) • péfé- (future in the past)
Aspect
(Aspekte)
Prefixoids vasit (intentional) • tasiv (accidental)
Suffixoids av (perfect) • aubil (inchoative/inceptive) • ábuim (expectative) • oajem (momentane) • ámel (frequentative) • aisom (completive) • aubel (cessative)
Suffixes -ant (continuous/progressive) • -asant (continuative) • -aij (prospective)
Mood
(Sindèle)
Prefixoids voul/soul (desiderative) • boul (necessitative)
Suffixoids ábil (potential)/aibil (potential passive) • esel (dubitative)
Suffixes -ar (infinitive) • -at (indicative) • -aik (conditional/subjunctive) • -ait (imperative)
Added on: 2018-02-02, 12:15View semantic data
A

aubel