Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/ad

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ad- (Derivational Affixoid)ABC (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
(Post-vowel: ńad-)
Meaning: at (locative case); to (dative case); feature (n)
(Gloss: at_place, to_object / LOC, DAT) Category:Case markers
Etymology: From Latin ad.

Morpheme length: 2 (A D)ad ad Category:Isogram morphemes Category:Abecedarian morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: VC • IPA: /æd/ædSyllables: 1 (ad)

Default word class: Adposition

Mutated forms (U1a)
Before next...
a ad b äb ch än d ad
e ad f äf g äg h ad
i ad j äj k äk l ad
äl
m äm n än o ad p äp
r ad s än t ät u ad
v ad
äv
w ad y ad z än
Lexeme
Noun (Inanimate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Regular
Singular adé
Plural adés
Articulated
Definite Singular adile
Plural adiles
Indefinite Singular adile
Plural adiles
Size
Diminutive Singular adète
Plural adètes
Medial Singular adeade
Plural adeades
Augmentative Singular adarde
Plural adardes
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject ad- ad-s
aduez-
ad(üet/üer)-
Topic adeun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
adieb- adieb-s
aduezieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
aderij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
adad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
adad- aduezad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
adúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar ätt-(s)
Formal adust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
adoz- adoz-s
adüetoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
adorz- adorz-s
adüetorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
ätten-
änzol-
adueśten-
aduezzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
adabuam- aduezabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
ademek- aduezemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
adútil- aduezútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
adaurd- aduezaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
adómist- aduezómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
adaseb- adüetaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
adauvek- aduezauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
adẽrgim- aduezẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
adesil- adüetésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
adósot-
adäffim-
adüetósot-
aduezäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
adaup- aduezaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
adäuvv- aduezäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
äpproxim- adueśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
adíak- aduezíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
adault- aduezault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
adauload- aduezauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
ättranz- adueśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
adint- aduezint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
adintaup- aduezintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
ättug- adueśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
ättúgaup- adueśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
ättüvv- adueśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
adweg- aduezweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
adúlem- aduezúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
adoantem- aduezoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
äpprev- adueśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
adáprev- aduezáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
adond- aduezond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
aderiv- aduezeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
ämmoin- adueśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
ännend-
adausin-
adueśnend-
adüetausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
adaiv- aduezaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
änseul- adueśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
adaubog- aduezaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
adopon- aduezopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
adévit- aduezévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
äppótal- adueśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
aduslen- adüetúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
ämmólen- adueśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
adomil- aduezomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
ännand- adueśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
adiz- adüetiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
adesit- adüetésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
adoid- aduezoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
adausik- adüetausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
adaibem- aduezaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
äkkuam- adueśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
äpprin- adueśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
adar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naladar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
adavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
adantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
adantavar adavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
adasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
adaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
adábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
adámelar adeselar adúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
adaubilar adaisómar adaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
souladar vouladar bouladar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
adait! feradait! naladait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
adaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
adaine adé
Participles
Present Past
adant adaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative adat nuperadat peradat pleradat feradat péferadat adaik
Negative naladat naŕnuperadat naŕperadat naŕpleradat naŕferadat naŕpéferadat naladaik
Progressive
Affirmative adant nuperadant peradant pleradant feradant péferadant adantaik
Negative naladant naŕnuperadant naŕperadant naŕpleradant naŕferadant naŕpéferadant naladantaik
Continuative
Affirmative adasant nuperadasant peradasant pleradasant feradasant péferadasant adasantaik
Negative naladasant naŕnuperadasant naŕperadasant naŕpleradasant naŕferadasant naŕpéferadasant naladasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative adaijat nuperadaijat peradaijat pleradaijat feradaijat péferadaijat adaijaik
Negative naladaijat naŕnuperadaijat naŕperadaijat naŕpleradaijat naŕferadaijat naŕpéferadaijat naladaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative adavat nuperadavat peradavat pleradavat feradavat péferadavat adavaik
Negative naladavat naŕnuperadavat naŕperadavat naŕpleradavat naŕferadavat naŕpéferadavat naladavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative adantavat nuperadantavat peradantavat pleradantavat feradantavat péferadantavat adantavaik
Negative naladantavat naŕnuperadantavat naŕperadantavat naŕpleradantavat naŕferadantavat naŕpéferadantavat naladantavaik
Adposition ad
Morpheme family
  • hîdroläppoartíer (table)
Usage notes

Highly productive suffixoid indicating the indirect object in pronouns (e.g. mado, tados) and given names (e.g. Adamado, Wilemado), and also the location of an entity (e.g. obenad [at (the) home (of); cf. French chez], lófardad [at the mountain], eskolad [at school]).

See also abod (place), aup (towards), int (in)/tug (out), and esil (from).

False friend of English ad, or réklam in Relformaide.

Added in October 2016View semantic data
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ad