Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/ẽrgim

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-ẽrgim- (Derivational Suffixoid)ABCCategory:Roots Category:Affixes (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
(Post-vowel: ńẽrgim-)
Meaning: because of, thanks to, due to, on account of, resulting from; so, because, therefore, thus, hence, ergo, consequently, as a result, that's why; cause, reason; causal case marker
(Gloss: so, therefore, because, result / CSL) Category:Case markers
Etymology: From Latin ergo.

Morpheme length: 5 (E G I M R)egimr egimr Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: VCCVC • IPA: /ɝ.gɪm/ɝ, gɪmSyllables: 2 (er, gim)VC, CVC

Default word class: Adposition

Mutated forms (1a)

Before inz: ẽrgím • Before all other morphemes: ẽrgim

Lexeme
Noun (Inanimate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Regular
Singular ẽrgime
Plural ẽrgimes
Articulated
Definite Singular ẽrgimile
Plural ẽrgimiles
Indefinite Singular ẽrgimile
Plural ẽrgimiles
Size
Diminutive Singular ẽrgimète
Plural ẽrgimètes
Medial Singular ẽrgimeade
Plural ẽrgimeades
Augmentative Singular ẽrgimarde
Plural ẽrgimardes
Adverb
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive ẽrgimu
Negative
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject ẽrgim- ẽrgim-s
ẽrgimouz-
ẽrgim(öut/öur)-
Topic ẽrgimeun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
ẽrgimieb- ẽrgimieb-s
ẽrgimouzieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
ẽrgimerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
ẽrgimad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
ẽrgimad- ẽrgimouzad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
ẽrgimúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar ẽrgimt-(s)
Formal ẽrgimust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
ẽrgimoz- ẽrgimoz-s
ẽrgimöutoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
ẽrgimorz- ẽrgimorz-s
ẽrgimöutorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
ẽrgimten-
ẽrgimzol-
ẽrgimouśten-
ẽrgimouzzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
ẽrgimabuam- ẽrgimouzabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
ẽrgimemek- ẽrgimouzemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
ẽrgimútil- ẽrgimouzútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
ẽrgimaurd- ẽrgimouzaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
ẽrgimómist- ẽrgimouzómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
ẽrgimaseb- ẽrgimöutaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
ẽrgimauvek- ẽrgimouzauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
ẽrgimẽrgim- ẽrgimouzẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
ẽrgimesil- ẽrgimöutésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
ẽrgimósot-
ẽrgimäffim-
ẽrgimöutósot-
ẽrgimouzäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
ẽrgimaup- ẽrgimouzaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
ẽrgimäuvv- ẽrgimouzäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
ẽrgimproxim- ẽrgimouśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
ẽrgimíak- ẽrgimouzíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
ẽrgimault- ẽrgimouzault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
ẽrgimauload- ẽrgimouzauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
ẽrgimtranz- ẽrgimouśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
ẽrgimint- ẽrgimouzint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
ẽrgimintaup- ẽrgimouzintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
ẽrgimtug- ẽrgimouśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
ẽrgimtúgaup- ẽrgimouśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
ẽrgimtüvv- ẽrgimouśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
ẽrgimweg- ẽrgimouzweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
ẽrgimúlem- ẽrgimouzúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
ẽrgimoantem- ẽrgimouzoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
ẽrgimprev- ẽrgimouśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
ẽrgimáprev- ẽrgimouzáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
ẽrgimond- ẽrgimouzond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
ẽrgimeriv- ẽrgimouzeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
ẽrgimmoin- ẽrgimouśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
ẽrgimnend-
ẽrgimausin-
ẽrgimouśnend-
ẽrgimöutausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
ẽrgimaiv- ẽrgimouzaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
ẽrgimseul- ẽrgimouśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
ẽrgimaubog- ẽrgimouzaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
ẽrgimopon- ẽrgimouzopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
ẽrgimévit- ẽrgimouzévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
ẽrgimpótal- ẽrgimouśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
ẽrgimuslen- ẽrgimöutúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
ẽrgimmólen- ẽrgimouśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
ẽrgimomil- ẽrgimouzomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
ẽrgimnand- ẽrgimouśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
ẽrgimiz- ẽrgimöutiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
ẽrgimesit- ẽrgimöutésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
ẽrgimoid- ẽrgimouzoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
ẽrgimausik- ẽrgimöutausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
ẽrgimaibem- ẽrgimouzaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
ẽrgimkuam- ẽrgimouśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
ẽrgimprin- ẽrgimouśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
ẽrgimar
Negative Active Negative Passive
nalẽrgimar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
ẽrgimavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
ẽrgimantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
ẽrgimantavar ẽrgimavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
ẽrgimasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
ẽrgimaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
ẽrgimábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
ẽrgimámelar ẽrgimeselar ẽrgimúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
ẽrgimaubilar ẽrgimaisómar ẽrgimaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
soulẽrgimar voulẽrgimar boulẽrgimar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
ẽrgimait! ferẽrgimait! nalẽrgimait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
ẽrgimaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
ẽrgimaine ẽrgimé
Participles
Present Past
ẽrgimant ẽrgimaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative ẽrgimat nuperẽrgimat perẽrgimat plerẽrgimat ferẽrgimat péferẽrgimat ẽrgimaik
Negative nalẽrgimat naŕnuperẽrgimat naŕperẽrgimat naŕplerẽrgimat naŕferẽrgimat naŕpéferẽrgimat nalẽrgimaik
Progressive
Affirmative ẽrgimant nuperẽrgimant perẽrgimant plerẽrgimant ferẽrgimant péferẽrgimant ẽrgimantaik
Negative nalẽrgimant naŕnuperẽrgimant naŕperẽrgimant naŕplerẽrgimant naŕferẽrgimant naŕpéferẽrgimant nalẽrgimantaik
Continuative
Affirmative ẽrgimasant nuperẽrgimasant perẽrgimasant plerẽrgimasant ferẽrgimasant péferẽrgimasant ẽrgimasantaik
Negative nalẽrgimasant naŕnuperẽrgimasant naŕperẽrgimasant naŕplerẽrgimasant naŕferẽrgimasant naŕpéferẽrgimasant nalẽrgimasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative ẽrgimaijat nuperẽrgimaijat perẽrgimaijat plerẽrgimaijat ferẽrgimaijat péferẽrgimaijat ẽrgimaijaik
Negative nalẽrgimaijat naŕnuperẽrgimaijat naŕperẽrgimaijat naŕplerẽrgimaijat naŕferẽrgimaijat naŕpéferẽrgimaijat nalẽrgimaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative ẽrgimavat nuperẽrgimavat perẽrgimavat plerẽrgimavat ferẽrgimavat péferẽrgimavat ẽrgimavaik
Negative nalẽrgimavat naŕnuperẽrgimavat naŕperẽrgimavat naŕplerẽrgimavat naŕferẽrgimavat naŕpéferẽrgimavat nalẽrgimavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative ẽrgimantavat nuperẽrgimantavat perẽrgimantavat plerẽrgimantavat ferẽrgimantavat péferẽrgimantavat ẽrgimantavaik
Negative nalẽrgimantavat naŕnuperẽrgimantavat naŕperẽrgimantavat naŕplerẽrgimantavat naŕferẽrgimantavat naŕpéferẽrgimantavat nalẽrgimantavaik
Adposition /
Conjunction
ẽrgim
Morpheme family
None
Usage notes

This root specifies the cause of something, while counterpart inz denotes what a subject causes.

Related term: póvaud (reason). For the word meaning "so that", see jían; for the adjective meaning "true", voard. See also nend (and), sed (but), aseb (along with)/emek (with the help of/by means of), and aurd (for/purpose).

Added on: 2016-12-21, 20:03View semantic data
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ergim