Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/útil

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útil- (Inflectional Suffixoid)ABC (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
(Post-vowel: ńútil-)
Meaning: using (adp); use (v), utilise (v), apply (v), employ (v); user (n); utilitative case marker
(Gloss: use / UTL) Category:Case markers
Etymology: From Spanish utilizar and French utiliser.

Morpheme length: 4 (I L T U)iltu iltu Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: VCVC • IPA: /uː.tɪl/uː, tɪlSyllables: 2 (u, til)V, CVC

Default word class: Adposition

Mutated forms (1d)

Before root with l as second or later letter: útiŕ • Before inz: útíl • Before all other morphemes: útil

Lexeme
Noun (Animate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Pan-gender
Regular
Singular útilo útila útilé
Plural útilos útilas útilés
Articulated
Definite Singular útillo útilla útillé
Plural útillos útillas útillés
Indefinite Singular útiluno útiluna útillé
Plural útilunos útilunas útillés
Complex
Forms tuomútil- tuamútil- útil-
Offspring
Older Singular útilódro útilódra útilódré
Plural útilódros útilódras útilódrés
Younger Singular útilódredo útilódreda útilódrède
Plural útilódredos útilódredas útilódrèdes
Age
Juvenile Singular útiledo útileda útilède
Plural útiledos útiledas útilèdes
Adolescent Singular útileshoano útileshoana útileshoane
Plural útileshoanos útileshoanas útileshoanes
Adult Singular útiŕeushelo útiŕeushela útiŕeushèle
Plural útiŕeushelos útiŕeushelas útiŕeushèles
Geriatric Singular útiŕeldo útiŕelda útiŕelde
Plural útiŕeldos útiŕeldas útiŕeldes
Size
Diminutive Singular útileto útileta útilète
Plural útiletos útiletas útilètes
Medial Singular útileado útileada útileade
Plural útileados útileadas útileades
Augmentative Singular útilardo útilarda útilarde
Plural útilardos útilardas útilardes
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject útil- útil-s
útilouz-
útil(öut/öur)-
Topic útileun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
útilieb- útilieb-s
útilouzieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
útilerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
útilad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
útilad- útilouzad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
útilúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar útilt-(s)
Formal útilust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
útiloz- útiloz-s
útilöutoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
útilorz- útilorz-s
útilöutorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
útilten-
útiŕzol-
útilouśten-
útilouzzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
útilabuam- útilouzabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
útilemek- útilouzemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
útiŕútil- útilouzútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
útilaurd- útilouzaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
útilómist- útilouzómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
útilaseb- útilöutaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
útilauvek- útilouzauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
útilẽrgim- útilouzẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
útiŕesil- útilöutésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
útilósot-
útiläffim-
útilöutósot-
útilouzäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
útilaup- útilouzaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
útiläuvv- útilouzäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
útilproxim- útilouśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
útilíak- útilouzíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
útiŕault- útilouzault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
útiŕauload- útilouzauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
útiltranz- útilouśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
útilint- útilouzint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
útilintaup- útilouzintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
útiltug- útilouśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
útiltúgaup- útilouśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
útiltüvv- útilouśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
útilweg- útilouzweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
útiŕúlem- útilouzúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
útiloantem- útilouzoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
útilprev- útilouśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
útiláprev- útilouzáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
útilond- útilouzond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
útileriv- útilouzeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
útilmoin- útilouśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
útilnend-
útilausin-
útilouśnend-
útilöutausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
útilaiv- útilouzaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
útiŕseul- útilouśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
útilaubog- útilouzaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
útilopon- útilouzopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
útilévit- útilouzévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
útiŕpótal- útilouśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
útiŕuslen- útilöutúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
útiŕmólen- útilouśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
útiŕomil- útilouzomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
útilnand- útilouśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
útiliz- útilöutiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
útilesit- útilöutésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
útiloid- útilouzoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
útilausik- útilöutausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
útilaibem- útilouzaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
útilkuam- útilouśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
útilprin- útilouśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
útilar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕútilar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
útilavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
útilantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
útilantavar útilavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
útilasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
útilaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
útiŕábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
útiŕámelar útiŕeselar útilúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
útiŕaubilar útilaisómar útiŕaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
souŕútilar vouŕútilar bouŕútilar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
útilait! ferútilait! naŕútilait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
útilaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
útilaine útilé
Participles
Present Past
útilant útilaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative útilat nuperútilat perútilat plerútilat ferútilat péferútilat útilaik
Negative naŕútilat naŕnuperútilat naŕperútilat naŕplerútilat naŕferútilat naŕpéferútilat naŕútilaik
Progressive
Affirmative útilant nuperútilant perútilant plerútilant ferútilant péferútilant útilantaik
Negative naŕútilant naŕnuperútilant naŕperútilant naŕplerútilant naŕferútilant naŕpéferútilant naŕútilantaik
Continuative
Affirmative útilasant nuperútilasant perútilasant plerútilasant ferútilasant péferútilasant útilasantaik
Negative naŕútilasant naŕnuperútilasant naŕperútilasant naŕplerútilasant naŕferútilasant naŕpéferútilasant naŕútilasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative útilaijat nuperútilaijat perútilaijat plerútilaijat ferútilaijat péferútilaijat útilaijaik
Negative naŕútilaijat naŕnuperútilaijat naŕperútilaijat naŕplerútilaijat naŕferútilaijat naŕpéferútilaijat naŕútilaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative útilavat nuperútilavat perútilavat plerútilavat ferútilavat péferútilavat útilavaik
Negative naŕútilavat naŕnuperútilavat naŕperútilavat naŕplerútilavat naŕferútilavat naŕpéferútilavat naŕútilavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative útilantavat nuperútilantavat perútilantavat plerútilantavat ferútilantavat péferútilantavat útilantavaik
Negative naŕútilantavat naŕnuperútilantavat naŕperútilantavat naŕplerútilantavat naŕferútilantavat naŕpéferútilantavat naŕútilantavaik
Adposition útil
Morpheme family
Usage notes

-útil is attached after a root to denote that someone is using the item in question. This does not imply that a task is carried out; for these situations, the instrumental marker emek applies instead.

For the tense marker meaning "used to", see plé-.

The "UTL" abbreviation is borrowed from John Quijada's grammar of constructed language Ithkuil, § 4.5.22. It should not be confused with "UTIL", which denotes the utilitive case (aurd).

Added on: 2016-12-24, 04:50View semantic data
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