Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/úlem

From Hacked by Del.icio.us!
Jump to: navigation, search
-úlem- (Derivational Affixoid)ABCCategory:Roots Category:Affixes (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
(Post-vowel: ńúlem-)
Meaning: low, low-lying; below, under, underneath, beneath; deep, depth; bottom; subessive case marker
(Gloss: low, below / SUBE) Category:Case markers
Etymology: From Albanian ulem (sit). (Those who sit always lower themselves down to accomplish the task, hence the choice of this etymon for Relformaide.)

Morpheme length: 4 (E L M U)elmu elmu Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: VCVC • IPA: /uː.lɛm/uː, lɛmSyllables: 2 (u, lem)V, CVC

Default word class: Adposition

Mutated forms (2a)

Before -e termison: úlèm • Before inz: úlém • Before all other morphemes: úlem

Lexeme
Noun (Inanimate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Regular
Singular úlème
Plural úlèmes
Articulated
Definite Singular úlemile
Plural úlemiles
Indefinite Singular úlemile
Plural úlemiles
Size
Diminutive Singular úlemète
úlemaubime
Plural úlemètes
úlemaubimes
Medial Singular úlemeade
úlemaubame
Plural úlemeades
úlemaubames
Augmentative Singular úlemarde
úlemaubaume
Plural úlemardes
úlemaubaumes
Adjective
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive Singular úlemi úlemausmi úlemausomi
Plural úlemis úlemausmis úlemausomis
Negative Singular úlemi úlemeusmi úlemeusomi
Plural úlemis úlemeusmis úlemeusomis
Adverb
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive úlemu úlemausmu úlemausomu
Negative úlemeusmu úlemeusomu
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject úlem- úlem-s
úlemouz-
úlem(öut/öur)-
Topic úlemeun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
úlemieb- úlemieb-s
úlemouzieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
úlemerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
úlemad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
úlemad- úlemouzad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
úlemúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar úlemt-(s)
Formal úlemust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
úlemoz- úlemoz-s
úlemöutoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
úlemorz- úlemorz-s
úlemöutorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
úlemten-
úlemzol-
úlemouśten-
úlemouzzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
úlemabuam- úlemouzabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
úlémemek- úlemouzemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
úlemútil- úlemouzútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
úlemaurd- úlemouzaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
úlemómist- úlemouzómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
úlemaseb- úlemöutaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
úlemauvek- úlemouzauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
úlemẽrgim- úlemouzẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
úlemesil- úlemöutésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
úlemósot-
úlemäffim-
úlemöutósot-
úlemouzäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
úlemaup- úlemouzaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
úlemäuvv- úlemouzäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
úlemproxim- úlemouśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
úlemíak- úlemouzíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
úlemault- úlemouzault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
úlemauload- úlemouzauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
úlemtranz- úlemouśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
úlemint- úlemouzint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
úlemintaup- úlemouzintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
úlemtug- úlemouśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
úlemtúgaup- úlemouśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
úlemtüvv- úlemouśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
úlemweg- úlemouzweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
úlemúlem- úlemouzúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
úlemoantem- úlemouzoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
úlemprev- úlemouśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
úlemáprev- úlemouzáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
úlemond- úlemouzond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
úlemeriv- úlemouzeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
úlemmoin- úlemouśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
úlemnend-
úlemausin-
úlemouśnend-
úlemöutausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
úlemaiv- úlemouzaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
úlemseul- úlemouśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
úlemaubog- úlemouzaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
úlemopon- úlemouzopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
úlemévit- úlemouzévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
úlempótal- úlemouśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
úlemuslen- úlemöutúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
úlemmólen- úlemouśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
úlemomil- úlemouzomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
úlemnand- úlemouśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
úlemiz- úlemöutiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
úlemesit- úlemöutésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
úlemoid- úlemouzoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
úlemausik- úlemöutausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
úlemaibem- úlemouzaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
úlemkuam- úlemouśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
úlemprin- úlemouśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
úlemar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕúlemar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
úlemavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
úlemantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
úlemantavar úlemavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
úlemasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
úlemaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
úlemábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
úlemámelar úlemeselar úlemúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
úlemaubilar úlemaisómar úlemaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
souŕúlemar vouŕúlemar bouŕúlemar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
úlemait! ferúlemait! naŕúlemait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
úlemaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
úlemaine úlème
Participles
Present Past
úlemant úlemaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative úlemat nuperúlemat perúlemat plerúlemat ferúlemat péferúlemat úlemaik
Negative naŕúlemat naŕnuperúlemat naŕperúlemat naŕplerúlemat naŕferúlemat naŕpéferúlemat naŕúlemaik
Progressive
Affirmative úlemant nuperúlemant perúlemant plerúlemant ferúlemant péferúlemant úlemantaik
Negative naŕúlemant naŕnuperúlemant naŕperúlemant naŕplerúlemant naŕferúlemant naŕpéferúlemant naŕúlemantaik
Continuative
Affirmative úlemasant nuperúlemasant perúlemasant plerúlemasant ferúlemasant péferúlemasant úlemasantaik
Negative naŕúlemasant naŕnuperúlemasant naŕperúlemasant naŕplerúlemasant naŕferúlemasant naŕpéferúlemasant naŕúlemasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative úlemaijat nuperúlemaijat perúlemaijat plerúlemaijat ferúlemaijat péferúlemaijat úlemaijaik
Negative naŕúlemaijat naŕnuperúlemaijat naŕperúlemaijat naŕplerúlemaijat naŕferúlemaijat naŕpéferúlemaijat naŕúlemaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative úlemavat nuperúlemavat perúlemavat plerúlemavat ferúlemavat péferúlemavat úlemavaik
Negative naŕúlemavat naŕnuperúlemavat naŕperúlemavat naŕplerúlemavat naŕferúlemavat naŕpéferúlemavat naŕúlemavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative úlemantavat nuperúlemantavat perúlemantavat plerúlemantavat ferúlemantavat péferúlemantavat úlemantavaik
Negative naŕúlemantavat naŕnuperúlemantavat naŕperúlemantavat naŕplerúlemantavat naŕferúlemantavat naŕpéferúlemantavat naŕúlemantavaik
Adposition úlem
Morpheme family
Usage notes

The noun, adjective, and adverb mean "low" (or "deep"/"depth" in bathymetric and seismologic contexts); the adposition means "below"; and the imperative form is equivalent to English "Get down!" or "Duck!".

See also aulxim (short in height), úlemad (down), úlemaup (downward), and úleminz (lower something).

Antonym: ault (high/above).

Added on: 2016-11-25, 14:19View semantic data
A

ulem