Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/äbottrouk

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äbottrouk- (Compound rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
(Post-vowel: ńäbottrouk-)
Meaning: trade places, change places; switcheroo
(Gloss: place-trade)
Etymology: Compound of abod + troukabod, trouk.

Morpheme length: 9 (A B K O O R T T U)abkoorttu abkortu Morpheme count: 2
Letter pattern: VCVCCCVVC • IPA: /æ.bo.tɹʊk/æ, bo, tɹʊkSyllables: 3 (a, bot, trouk)V, CVC, CCVVC

Default word class: Verb

Mutated forms (9a)
Before next...
a äbottrouk b äbottroukoṛ ch äbottroukoṛ d äbottroukoṛ
e äbottrouk f äbottroukoṛ g äbottroukoṛ h äbottrouk
i äbottrouk j äbottrouk k äbottrouk l äbottrouk
m äbottrouk n äbottrouk o äbottrouk p äbottrouk
r äbottrouk s äbottrouk t äbottrouk u äbottrouk
v äbottrouk w äbottrouk y äbottrouk z äbottrouk
Lexeme
Noun (Inanimate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Regular
Singular äbottrouke
Plural äbottroukes
Articulated
Definite Singular äbottrouklé
Plural äbottrouklés
Indefinite Singular äbottrouklé
Plural äbottrouklés
Size
Diminutive Singular äbottroukète
Plural äbottroukètes
Medial Singular äbottroukeade
Plural äbottroukeades
Augmentative Singular äbottroukarde
Plural äbottroukardes
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject äbottrouk- äbottrouk-s
äbottroukuez-
äbottrouk(üet/üer)-
Topic äbottroukeun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
äbottroukieb- äbottroukieb-s
äbottroukuezieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
äbottroukerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
äbottroukad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
äbottroukad- äbottroukuezad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
äbottroukúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar äbottroukt-(s)
Formal äbottroukust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
äbottroukoz- äbottroukoz-s
äbottrouküetoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
äbottroukorz- äbottroukorz-s
äbottrouküetorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
äbottroukten-
äbottroukzol-
äbottroukueśten-
äbottroukuezzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
äbottroukabuam- äbottroukuezabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
äbottroukemek- äbottroukuezemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
äbottroukútil- äbottroukuezútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
äbottroukaurd- äbottroukuezaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
äbottroukómist- äbottroukuezómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
äbottroukaseb- äbottrouküetaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
äbottroukauvek- äbottroukuezauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
äbottroukẽrgim- äbottroukuezẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
äbottroukesil- äbottrouküetésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
äbottroukósot-
äbottroukäffim-
äbottrouküetósot-
äbottroukuezäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
äbottroukaup- äbottroukuezaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
äbottroukäuvv- äbottroukuezäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
äbottroukproxim- äbottroukueśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
äbottroukíak- äbottroukuezíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
äbottroukault- äbottroukuezault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
äbottroukauload- äbottroukuezauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
äbottrouktranz- äbottroukueśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
äbottroukint- äbottroukuezint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
äbottroukintaup- äbottroukuezintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
äbottrouktug- äbottroukueśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
äbottrouktúgaup- äbottroukueśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
äbottrouktüvv- äbottroukueśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
äbottroukweg- äbottroukuezweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
äbottroukúlem- äbottroukuezúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
äbottroukoantem- äbottroukuezoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
äbottroukprev- äbottroukueśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
äbottroukáprev- äbottroukuezáprev-
Temporal During...
(TEMP)
äbottroukwob- äbottroukuezwob-
Limitative By (the time of)...
(LMT)
äbottroukmaurad- äbottroukueśmaurad-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
äbottroukond- äbottroukuezond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
äbottroukeriv- äbottroukuezeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
äbottroukmoin- äbottroukueśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
äbottrouknend-
äbottroukausin-
äbottroukueśnend-
äbottrouküetausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
äbottroukaiv- äbottroukuezaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
äbottroukseul- äbottroukueśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
äbottroukaubog- äbottroukuezaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
äbottroukopon- äbottroukuezopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
äbottroukévit- äbottroukuezévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
äbottroukpótal- äbottroukueśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
äbottroukuslen- äbottrouküetúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
äbottroukmólen- äbottroukueśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
äbottroukomil- äbottroukuezomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
äbottrouknand- äbottroukueśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
äbottroukiz- äbottrouküetiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
äbottroukesit- äbottrouküetésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
äbottroukoid- äbottroukuezoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
äbottroukausik- äbottrouküetausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
äbottroukaibem- äbottroukuezaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
äbottroukkuam- äbottroukueśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
äbottroukprin- äbottroukueśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
äbottroukar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naläbottroukar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
äbottroukavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
äbottroukantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
äbottroukantavar äbottroukavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
äbottroukasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
äbottroukaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
äbottroukábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
äbottroukámelar äbottroukeselar äbottroukúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
äbottroukaubilar äbottroukaisómar äbottroukaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
souläbottroukar vouläbottroukar bouläbottroukar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
äbottroukait! feräbottroukait! naläbottroukait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
äbottroukaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
äbottroukaine äbottrouké
Participles
Present Past
äbottroukant äbottroukaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative äbottroukat nuperäbottroukat peräbottroukat pleräbottroukat feräbottroukat péferäbottroukat äbottroukaik
Negative naläbottroukat naŕnuperäbottroukat naŕperäbottroukat naŕpleräbottroukat naŕferäbottroukat naŕpéferäbottroukat naläbottroukaik
Progressive
Affirmative äbottroukant nuperäbottroukant peräbottroukant pleräbottroukant feräbottroukant péferäbottroukant äbottroukantaik
Negative naläbottroukant naŕnuperäbottroukant naŕperäbottroukant naŕpleräbottroukant naŕferäbottroukant naŕpéferäbottroukant naläbottroukantaik
Continuative
Affirmative äbottroukasant nuperäbottroukasant peräbottroukasant pleräbottroukasant feräbottroukasant péferäbottroukasant äbottroukasantaik
Negative naläbottroukasant naŕnuperäbottroukasant naŕperäbottroukasant naŕpleräbottroukasant naŕferäbottroukasant naŕpéferäbottroukasant naläbottroukasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative äbottroukaijat nuperäbottroukaijat peräbottroukaijat pleräbottroukaijat feräbottroukaijat péferäbottroukaijat äbottroukaijaik
Negative naläbottroukaijat naŕnuperäbottroukaijat naŕperäbottroukaijat naŕpleräbottroukaijat naŕferäbottroukaijat naŕpéferäbottroukaijat naläbottroukaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative äbottroukavat nuperäbottroukavat peräbottroukavat pleräbottroukavat feräbottroukavat péferäbottroukavat äbottroukavaik
Negative naläbottroukavat naŕnuperäbottroukavat naŕperäbottroukavat naŕpleräbottroukavat naŕferäbottroukavat naŕpéferäbottroukavat naläbottroukavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative äbottroukantavat nuperäbottroukantavat peräbottroukantavat pleräbottroukantavat feräbottroukantavat péferäbottroukantavat äbottroukantavaik
Negative naläbottroukantavat naŕnuperäbottroukantavat naŕperäbottroukantavat naŕpleräbottroukantavat naŕferäbottroukantavat naŕpéferäbottroukantavat naläbottroukantavaik
Morpheme family
None
Usage notes

This verb governs the comitative case, as in Lumo peräbottroukat aseb selboz'amite (He traded places with his friend). The noun is also the name of a 1983 comedy movie directed by John Landis and starring Dan Aykroyd and Eddie Murphy.

Added on: 2019-04-25, 09:41View semantic data
A

abottrouk