Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/ámel

From Hacked by Del.icio.us!
Jump to: navigation, search
-ámel- (Inflectional Suffixoid)ABCategory:Roots Category:Affixes (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
(Post-vowel: ńámel-)
Meaning: often, occasional, frequent; oftentimes, occasionally, frequently; prolific; frequentative marker
(Gloss: often / FREQ)
Etymology: Extracted from Zulu vamile.

Morpheme length: 4 (A E L M)aelm aelm Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: VCVC • IPA: /aː.mɛl/aː, mɛlSyllables: 2 (a, mel)V, CVC

Default word class: Adjective

Mutated forms (2e)

Before -e termison: ámèl • Before root with l as second or later letter: ámeŕ • Before inz: ámél • Before all other morphemes: ámel

Lexeme
Noun (Animate)
Category ♂ Masculine ♀ Feminine ⚲ Neuter
Pan-gender
Regular
Singular ámelo ámela ámèle
Plural ámelos ámelas ámèles
Articulated
Definite Singular ámello ámella ámellé
Plural ámellos ámellas ámellés
Indefinite Singular ámeluno ámeluna ámellé
Plural ámelunos ámelunas ámellés
Complex
Forms tuomámel- tuamámel- ámel-
Offspring
Older Singular ámelódro ámelódra ámelódré
Plural ámelódros ámelódras ámelódrés
Younger Singular ámelódredo ámelódreda ámelódrède
Plural ámelódredos ámelódredas ámelódrèdes
Age
Newborn Singular ámelebo ámeleba ámelèbe
Plural ámelebos ámelebas ámelèbes
Juvenile Singular ámeledo ámeleda ámelède
Plural ámeledos ámeledas ámelèdes
Adolescent Singular ámeleshoano ámeleshoana ámeleshoane
Plural ámeleshoanos ámeleshoanas ámeleshoanes
Adult Singular ámeŕeushelo ámeŕeushela ámeŕeushèle
Plural ámeŕeushelos ámeŕeushelas ámeŕeushèles
Geriatric Singular ámeŕeldo ámeŕelda ámeŕelde
Plural ámeŕeldos ámeŕeldas ámeŕeldes
Size
Diminutive Singular ámeleto
ámelaubimo
ámeleta
ámelaubima
ámelète
ámelaubime
Plural ámeletos
ámelaubimos
ámeletas
ámelaubimas
ámelètes
ámelaubimes
Medial Singular ámeleado
ámelaubamo
ámeleada
ámelaubama
ámeleade
ámelaubame
Plural ámeleados
ámelaubamos
ámeleadas
ámelaubamas
ámeleades
ámelaubames
Augmentative Singular ámelardo
ámelaubaumo
ámelarda
ámelaubauma
ámelarde
ámelaubaume
Plural ámelardos
ámelaubaumos
ámelardas
ámelaubaumas
ámelardes
ámelaubaumes
Adjective
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive Singular ámeli ámelausmi ámelausomi
Plural ámelis ámelausmis ámelausomis
Negative Singular ámeli ámeleusmi ámeleusomi
Plural ámelis ámeleusmis ámeleusomis
Adverb
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive ámelu ámelausmu ámelausomu
Negative ámeleusmu ámeleusomu
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject ámel- ámel-s
ámelouz-
ámel(öut/öur)-
Topic ámeleun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
ámelieb- ámelieb-s
ámelouzieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
ámelerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
ámelad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
ámelad- ámelouzad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
ámelúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar ámelt-(s)
Formal ámelust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
ámeloz- ámeloz-s
ámelöutoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
ámelorz- ámelorz-s
ámelöutorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
ámelten-
ámeŕzol-
ámelouśten-
ámelouzzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
ámelabuam- ámelouzabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
ámelemek- ámelouzemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
ámeŕútil- ámelouzútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
ámelaurd- ámelouzaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
ámelómist- ámelouzómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
ámelaseb- ámelöutaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
ámelauvek- ámelouzauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
ámelẽrgim- ámelouzẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
ámeŕesil- ámelöutésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
ámelósot-
ámeläffim-
ámelöutósot-
ámelouzäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
ámelaup- ámelouzaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
ámeläuvv- ámelouzäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
ámelproxim- ámelouśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
ámelíak- ámelouzíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
ámeŕault- ámelouzault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
ámeŕauload- ámelouzauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
ámeltranz- ámelouśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
ámelint- ámelouzint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
ámelintaup- ámelouzintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
ámeltug- ámelouśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
ámeltúgaup- ámelouśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
ámeltüvv- ámelouśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
ámelweg- ámelouzweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
ámeŕúlem- ámelouzúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
ámeloantem- ámelouzoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
ámelprev- ámelouśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
ámeláprev- ámelouzáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
ámelond- ámelouzond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
ámeleriv- ámelouzeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
ámelmoin- ámelouśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
ámelnend-
ámelausin-
ámelouśnend-
ámelöutausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
ámelaiv- ámelouzaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
ámeŕseul- ámelouśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
ámelaubog- ámelouzaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
ámelopon- ámelouzopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
ámelévit- ámelouzévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
ámeŕpótal- ámelouśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
ámeŕuslen- ámelöutúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
ámeŕmólen- ámelouśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
ámeŕomil- ámelouzomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
ámelnand- ámelouśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
ámeliz- ámelöutiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
ámelesit- ámelöutésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
ámeloid- ámelouzoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
ámelausik- ámelöutausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
ámelaibem- ámelouzaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
ámelkuam- ámelouśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
ámelprin- ámelouśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
ámelar
Negative Active Negative Passive
naŕámelar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
ámelavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
ámelantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
ámelantavar ámelavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
ámelasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
ámelaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
ámeŕábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
ámeŕámelar ámeŕeselar ámelúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
ámeŕaubilar ámelaisómar ámeŕaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
souŕámelar vouŕámelar bouŕámelar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
ámelait! ferámelait! naŕámelait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
ámelaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
ámelaine ámèle
Participles
Present Past
ámelant ámelaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative ámelat nuperámelat perámelat plerámelat ferámelat péferámelat ámelaik
Negative naŕámelat naŕnuperámelat naŕperámelat naŕplerámelat naŕferámelat naŕpéferámelat naŕámelaik
Progressive
Affirmative ámelant nuperámelant perámelant plerámelant ferámelant péferámelant ámelantaik
Negative naŕámelant naŕnuperámelant naŕperámelant naŕplerámelant naŕferámelant naŕpéferámelant naŕámelantaik
Continuative
Affirmative ámelasant nuperámelasant perámelasant plerámelasant ferámelasant péferámelasant ámelasantaik
Negative naŕámelasant naŕnuperámelasant naŕperámelasant naŕplerámelasant naŕferámelasant naŕpéferámelasant naŕámelasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative ámelaijat nuperámelaijat perámelaijat plerámelaijat ferámelaijat péferámelaijat ámelaijaik
Negative naŕámelaijat naŕnuperámelaijat naŕperámelaijat naŕplerámelaijat naŕferámelaijat naŕpéferámelaijat naŕámelaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative ámelavat nuperámelavat perámelavat plerámelavat ferámelavat péferámelavat ámelavaik
Negative naŕámelavat naŕnuperámelavat naŕperámelavat naŕplerámelavat naŕferámelavat naŕpéferámelavat naŕámelavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative ámelantavat nuperámelantavat perámelantavat plerámelantavat ferámelantavat péferámelantavat ámelantavaik
Negative naŕámelantavat naŕnuperámelantavat naŕperámelantavat naŕplerámelantavat naŕferámelantavat naŕpéferámelantavat naŕámelantavaik
Morpheme family
Usage notes

Productive verbal suffix, along with esel (probably/possibly) and ábil (can/able to).

Relformaide's Tense–aspect–mood (TAM) system
Tense
(Tíempe)
nupé- (recent past) • pé- (simple past) • plé- (discontinuous past) • fé- (future) • péfé- (future in the past)
Aspect
(Aspekte)
Prefixoids vasit (intentional) • tasiv (accidental)
Suffixoids av (perfect) • aubil (inchoative/inceptive) • ábuim (expectative) • oajem (momentane) • ámel (frequentative) • aisom (completive) • aubel (cessative)
Suffixes -ant (continuous/progressive) • -asant (continuative) • -aij (prospective)
Mood
(Sindèle)
Prefixoids voul/soul (desiderative) • boul (necessitative)
Suffixoids ábil (potential)/aibil (potential passive) • esel (dubitative)
Suffixes -ar (infinitive) • -at (indicative) • -aik (conditional/subjunctive) • -ait (imperative)
Added on: 2017-01-03, 06:21View semantic data
A

amel