Relformaide Dictionary:Roots/ábuim

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ábuim- (Inflectional Suffixoid)AB (Core Base rootCategory:Roots) (Free morpheme)
(Post-vowel: ńábuim-)
Meaning: as expected, as usual, expectedly, usually; clockwork, like clockwork; expectative aspect marker
(Gloss: EXPCT)
Etymology: Natively coined in Relformaide.

Morpheme length: 5 (A B I M U)abimu abimu Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: VCVVC • IPA: /aː.bwɪm/aː, bwɪmSyllables: 2 (a, buim)V, CVVC

Default word class: Adjective

Mutated forms (1a)
ábuim
Lexeme
Adjective
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Absolute Singular ábuimi
Plural ábuimis
Adverb
Forms Nominal Comparative Superlative
Positive ábuimu
Negative
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject ábuim- ábuim-s
ábuimouz-
ábuim(öut/öur)-
Topic ábuimeun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
ábuimieb- ábuimieb-s
ábuimouzieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
ábuimerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
ábuimad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
ábuimad- ábuimouzad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
ábuimúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar ábuimt-(s)
Formal ábuimust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
ábuimoz- ábuimoz-s
ábuimöutoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
ábuimorz- ábuimorz-s
ábuimöutorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
ábuimten-
ábuimzol-
ábuimouśten-
ábuimouzzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
ábuimabuam- ábuimouzabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
ábuimemek- ábuimouzemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
ábuimútil- ábuimouzútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
ábuimaurd- ábuimouzaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
ábuimómist- ábuimouzómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
ábuimaseb- ábuimöutaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
ábuimauvek- ábuimouzauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
ábuimẽrgim- ábuimouzẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
ábuimesil- ábuimöutésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
ábuimósot-
ábuimäffim-
ábuimöutósot-
ábuimouzäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
ábuimaup- ábuimouzaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
ábuimäuvv- ábuimouzäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
ábuimproxim- ábuimouśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
ábuimíak- ábuimouzíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
ábuimault- ábuimouzault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
ábuimauload- ábuimouzauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
ábuimtranz- ábuimouśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
ábuimint- ábuimouzint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
ábuimintaup- ábuimouzintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
ábuimtug- ábuimouśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
ábuimtúgaup- ábuimouśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
ábuimtüvv- ábuimouśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
ábuimweg- ábuimouzweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
ábuimúlem- ábuimouzúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
ábuimoantem- ábuimouzoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
ábuimprev- ábuimouśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
ábuimáprev- ábuimouzáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
ábuimond- ábuimouzond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
ábuimeriv- ábuimouzeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
ábuimmoin- ábuimouśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
ábuimnend-
ábuimausin-
ábuimouśnend-
ábuimöutausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
ábuimaiv- ábuimouzaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
ábuimseul- ábuimouśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
ábuimaubog- ábuimouzaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
ábuimopon- ábuimouzopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
ábuimévit- ábuimouzévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
ábuimpótal- ábuimouśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
ábuimuslen- ábuimöutúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
ábuimmólen- ábuimouśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
ábuimomil- ábuimouzomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
ábuimnand- ábuimouśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
ábuimiz- ábuimöutiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
ábuimesit- ábuimöutésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
ábuimoid- ábuimouzoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
ábuimausik- ábuimöutausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
ábuimaibem- ábuimouzaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
ábuimkuam- ábuimouśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
ábuimprin- ábuimouśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this root. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
ábuimar
Negative Active Negative Passive
nalábuimar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
ábuimavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
ábuimantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
ábuimantavar ábuimavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
ábuimasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
ábuimaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
ábuimábilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
ábuimámelar ábuimeselar ábuimúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
ábuimaubilar ábuimaisómar ábuimaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
soulábuimar voulábuimar boulábuimar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
ábuimait! ferábuimait! nalábuimait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
ábuimaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
ábuimaine ábuimé
Participles
Present Past
ábuimant ábuimaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative ábuimat nuperábuimat perábuimat plerábuimat ferábuimat péferábuimat ábuimaik
Negative nalábuimat naŕnuperábuimat naŕperábuimat naŕplerábuimat naŕferábuimat naŕpéferábuimat nalábuimaik
Progressive
Affirmative ábuimant nuperábuimant perábuimant plerábuimant ferábuimant péferábuimant ábuimantaik
Negative nalábuimant naŕnuperábuimant naŕperábuimant naŕplerábuimant naŕferábuimant naŕpéferábuimant nalábuimantaik
Continuative
Affirmative ábuimasant nuperábuimasant perábuimasant plerábuimasant ferábuimasant péferábuimasant ábuimasantaik
Negative nalábuimasant naŕnuperábuimasant naŕperábuimasant naŕplerábuimasant naŕferábuimasant naŕpéferábuimasant nalábuimasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative ábuimaijat nuperábuimaijat perábuimaijat plerábuimaijat ferábuimaijat péferábuimaijat ábuimaijaik
Negative nalábuimaijat naŕnuperábuimaijat naŕperábuimaijat naŕplerábuimaijat naŕferábuimaijat naŕpéferábuimaijat nalábuimaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative ábuimavat nuperábuimavat perábuimavat plerábuimavat ferábuimavat péferábuimavat ábuimavaik
Negative nalábuimavat naŕnuperábuimavat naŕperábuimavat naŕplerábuimavat naŕferábuimavat naŕpéferábuimavat nalábuimavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative ábuimantavat nuperábuimantavat perábuimantavat plerábuimantavat ferábuimantavat péferábuimantavat ábuimantavaik
Negative nalábuimantavat naŕnuperábuimantavat naŕperábuimantavat naŕplerábuimantavat naŕferábuimantavat naŕpéferábuimantavat nalábuimantavaik
Morpheme family
None
Usage notes

Inspired by, and corresponding to, Tamil aahu/aaccu (ஆகு/தாக்சு) (as found in section 4.3.4 of this 1999 paper by Harold F. Schiffman of the University of Pennsylvania).

Denotes that an action is expected, custom, or habitual regardless of frequency, such as in Les vousères venábuimavat (The mail has arrived [as it does during that time of day]) and Pémankábuimat-té ńósotu? (Did you eat yet [as you should by now]?). As a standalone adjective/adverb, corresponds to the English idiom like clockwork.

See also besnel (regular), ámel (frequent), prez (wait)/äurpprez (await/expect), and aisom (completive-aspect marker).

Added on: 2018-02-05, 21:52View semantic data
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abuim