Relformaide Dictionary:Grammar/Introduction

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Grammar of Relformaide:
Introduction
Rules →

Relformaide, the subject of this Referata wiki, is a constructed auxiliary language inspired by the Romance branch of the Indo-European family, with agglutinative influences throughout. The name "Relformaide" is the language's own word for "reformed",[1] which represents its initial efforts to reform the Romance languages and amend several defects in their grammar, particularly those related to gender.

Relformaide is written in the standard Latin script employed by English and various other European, American, Austronesian, and indigenous Pan-American and Australian languages. Its alphabet contains all standard letters except C and Q—which are only found in imported surnames—and adds a CH digraph in place of the C.

Thanks to its flexibility, Relformaide can emulate not only its major source languages (English plus the Romance and Germanic families), but also various others from different regions. It is a split-ergative language whose standard word order is Subject–verb–object (SVO). There are no standalone grammatical cases save for the nominative and genitive (possessive) in nouns and pronouns; the accusative in pronouns; and the ergative/unmarked absolutive in certain conditions.

Relformaide consists of several hundred base morphemes, all of which are either free (capable of standing alone as either roots or affixoids) or bound (only found in derivations and inflections).[2] Roots in Relformaide end in consonants (except for s), and are designed and chosen to be free of as much orthographical and semantic conflict as possible. Many are borrowed from various Romance languages, as well as their ancestor Latin; some more are sourced from other Indo-European branches and language families elsewhere.

Among those roots are several dozen adpositions, nearly all of which can also serve as either standalone prepositions, or postpositional mesoclitics attached to the end of a stem. Emphasis is focused on the final major root in any given combination, especially in the case of postpositions. Depending on the circumstances, a Relformaide sentence can consist of several small-to-medium words, or a very long one-word phrase.

Notes

  1. The past participle noun form, and not the past tense form.
  2. A morpheme (or voabtime in Relformaide) is the smallest unit of language; the study of morphemes is called morphology (voabtánule).
Grammar of Relformaide:
Introduction
Rules →