Relformaide Dictionary:Affixes/-groab

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-groab- (Derivational Suffix)B (Core Base affix Category:Affixes) (Bound morpheme)
Meaning: -gram, -ogram
(Gloss: -gram, -ogram)
Etymology: After English (en)grave/-(o)gram.

Morpheme length: 5 (A B G O R)abgor abgor Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: CCVVC • IPA: /gɹoʊb/gɹoʊbSyllables: 1 (-groab)
Mutated forms (7a)
Before next...
a groab b groab ch groab d groab
e groab f groab g groaboṛ h groab
i groab j groab k groab l groab
m groab n groab o groab p groab
r groab s groab t groab u groab
v groab w groab y groab z groab
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject -groab- -groab-s
-groabuez-
-groab(üet/üer)-
Topic -groabeun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
-groabieb- -groabieb-s
-groabuezieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
-groaberij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
-groabad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
-groabad- -groabuezad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
-groabúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar -groabt-(s)
Formal -groabust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
-groaboz- -groaboz-s
-groabüetoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
-groaborz- -groaborz-s
-groabüetorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
-groabten-
-groabzol-
-groabueśten-
-groabuezzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
-groababuam- -groabuezabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
-groabemek- -groabuezemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
-groabútil- -groabuezútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
-groabaurd- -groabuezaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
-groabómist- -groabuezómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
-groabaseb- -groabüetaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
-groabauvek- -groabuezauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
-groabẽrgim- -groabuezẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
-groabesil- -groabüetésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
-groabósot-
-groabäffim-
-groabüetósot-
-groabuezäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
-groabaup- -groabuezaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
-groabäuvv- -groabuezäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
-groabproxim- -groabueśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
-groabíak- -groabuezíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
-groabault- -groabuezault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
-groabauload- -groabuezauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
-groabtranz- -groabueśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
-groabint- -groabuezint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
-groabintaup- -groabuezintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
-groabtug- -groabueśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
-groabtúgaup- -groabueśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
-groabtüvv- -groabueśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
-groabweg- -groabuezweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
-groabúlem- -groabuezúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
-groaboantem- -groabuezoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
-groabprev- -groabueśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
-groabáprev- -groabuezáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
-groabond- -groabuezond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
-groaberiv- -groabuezeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
-groabmoin- -groabueśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
-groabnend-
-groabausin-
-groabueśnend-
-groabüetausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
-groabaiv- -groabuezaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
-groabseul- -groabueśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
-groabaubog- -groabuezaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
-groabopon- -groabuezopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
-groabévit- -groabuezévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
-groabpótal- -groabueśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
-groabuslen- -groabüetúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
-groabmólen- -groabueśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
-groabomil- -groabuezomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
-groabnand- -groabueśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
-groabiz- -groabüetiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
-groabesit- -groabüetésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
-groaboid- -groabuezoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
-groabausik- -groabüetausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
-groabaibem- -groabuezaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
-groabkuam- -groabueśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
-groabprin- -groabueśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this suffix. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Morpheme family
Usage notes

Found mainly in English-based calques such as téleɠgroab (telegram), oangroab (monogram), and stëríoggroab (stereogram/3-D image). The English suffix -gram is unrelated to the metric measure, gram--even though both share the same Ancient Greek etymon, grámma (γράμμα), via different senses ("something written" and "a small weight", respectively).

See also grauv (engrave/carve).

Added on: 2018-02-08, 07:28View semantic data
B

groab