Relformaide Dictionary:Affixes/-erim

From Hacked by Del.icio.us!
Jump to: navigation, search
-erim- (Inflectional Suffix)B Category:Affixes (Core Base affix Category:Affixes) (Bound morpheme)
Meaning: very, extremely, exceedingly
(Gloss: very)
Etymology: From Italian -errimo, variant of -issimo. (Found at w:Italian grammar#Degrees of comparison.)

Morpheme length: 4 (E I M R)eimr eimr Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: VCVC • IPA: /ɛ.ɹɪm/ɛ, ɹɪmSyllables: 2 (e, rim)V, CVC
Mutated forms (1a)

Before inz: erím • Before all other morphemes: erim

Morpheme family
None
Usage notes

Used as an intensifier after adjectival roots; -uit/-oip is used to strengthen meaning. Examples include joalerimi (very good), benerimi (very well), foarterimu (very strongly), and súfliferimi (very windy). As stated by the aforementioned Wikipedia article:

The absolute superlative, derived from the Latin synthetic superlative in -issimus, is formed by adding -issimo to an adjective: intelligente ("intelligent"), intelligentissimo ("very intelligent"); sporco ("dirty"), sporchissimo ("very dirty"). If the two letters before the last vowel are pr or br (e.g., aspro, celebre), the r is removed and -errimo is the suffix used (asperrimo, celeberrimo) ("very sour", "very famous").

From the Wiktionary usage notes on its Latin ancestor, -issimus:

Stems in -ro- and -lo- instead take the suffix -errimus and -illimus respectively (e.g. *polkros (pulcher) > *polkrisemos > *polkr̥semos > *polkersimos > pulcherrimus).

For the adjective meaning "exact", see aibem.

Added on: 2016-11-28, 01:30View semantic data
B

erim