Relformaide Dictionary:Affixes/-erij

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-erij- (Inflectional Suffix)B Category:Affixes (Core Base affix Category:Affixes) (Bound morpheme)
Meaning: which, who, whom, that; relative clause marker; appositive case marker
(Gloss: RCL, APP)
Etymology: Anagram of jíerjíer.

Morpheme length: 4 (E I J R)eijr eijr Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: VCVC • IPA: /ɛ.ɹɪdʒ/ɛ, ɹɪdʒSyllables: 2 (e, rij)V, CVC
Mutated forms (5a)
Before next...
a erij b erijoṛ ch erijoṛ d erijoṛ
e erij f erijoṛ g eriġ h erij
i erij j erij k erijoṛ l erij
m erij n erij o erij p erijoṛ
r erij s erijoṛ t erijoṛ u erij
v erijoṛ w erij y erij z erijoṛ
Verb
Nominal forms
Infinitive
Active To do
Passive To be done
-erijar -erijaidar
Negative Active Negative Passive
nal-erijar nal-erijaidar
Perfect To have done
Passive Perfect To have been done
-erijavar -erijaidavar
Progressive Doing
Passive Progressive Being done
-erijantar -erijaidantar
Progressive Perfect To have been doing
Perfect Progressive Having done
-erijantavar -erijavantu
Continuative To be still doing
Passive Continuative To be still done
-erijasantar -erijaidasantar
Prospective About to do
Passive Prospective About to be done
-erijaijar -erijaidaijar
Potential Can do
Passive Potential Can be done
-erijábilar -erijaibilar
Frequentative Often doing
Dubitative Probably/maybe/might be doing
Proximal Almost doing
-erijámelar -erijeselar -erijúpotar
Inchoative To start doing
Completive To do completely
Cessative To cease doing
-erijaubilar -erijaisómar -erijaubelar
Volitive Wishing to do
Desiderative Wanting to do
Necessitative Needing to do
soul-erijar voul-erijar boul-erijar
Imperative Do it!
Cohortative Let's do it!
Prohibitive Don't do it!
-erijait! fé-erijait! nal-erijait!
Gerundive Things to be done
Supine For the purpose of doing
fé-erijaide, fé-erijaidi -erijaurdar
Resultative Resulting from things done
Verbal Noun Doing
-erijaine -erijé
Participles
Present Past
-erijant -erijaid
Conjugation
Polarity Tense Mood
Present ...does
Recent Past ...recently did
Simple Past ...did
Discontinuous Past ...once did
Future ...will do
Future in the Past would do
Conditional/
Subjunctive ...could/would/should do; ...ought to do; ...that something do it
Simple
Affirmative -erijat nupé-erijat pé-erijat plé-erijat fé-erijat péfé-erijat -erijaik
Negative nal-erijat naŕnupé-erijat naŕpé-erijat naŕplé-erijat naŕfé-erijat naŕpéfé-erijat nal-erijaik
Progressive
Affirmative -erijant nupé-erijant pé-erijant plé-erijant fé-erijant péfé-erijant -erijantaik
Negative nal-erijant naŕnupé-erijant naŕpé-erijant naŕplé-erijant naŕfé-erijant naŕpéfé-erijant nal-erijantaik
Continuative
Affirmative -erijasant nupé-erijasant pé-erijasant plé-erijasant fé-erijasant péfé-erijasant -erijasantaik
Negative nal-erijasant naŕnupé-erijasant naŕpé-erijasant naŕplé-erijasant naŕfé-erijasant naŕpéfé-erijasant nal-erijasantaik
Prospective
Affirmative -erijaijat nupé-erijaijat pé-erijaijat plé-erijaijat fé-erijaijat péfé-erijaijat -erijaijaik
Negative nal-erijaijat naŕnupé-erijaijat naŕpé-erijaijat naŕplé-erijaijat naŕfé-erijaijat naŕpéfé-erijaijat nal-erijaijaik
Perfect
Affirmative -erijavat nupé-erijavat pé-erijavat plé-erijavat fé-erijavat péfé-erijavat -erijavaik
Negative nal-erijavat naŕnupé-erijavat naŕpé-erijavat naŕplé-erijavat naŕfé-erijavat naŕpéfé-erijavat nal-erijavaik
Progressive Perfect
Affirmative -erijantavat nupé-erijantavat pé-erijantavat plé-erijantavat fé-erijantavat péfé-erijantavat -erijantavaik
Negative nal-erijantavat naŕnupé-erijantavat naŕpé-erijantavat naŕplé-erijantavat naŕfé-erijantavat naŕpéfé-erijantavat nal-erijantavaik
Passive Simple
Affirmative -erijaidat nupé-erijaidat pé-erijaidat plé-erijaidat fé-erijaidat péfé-erijaidat -erijaidaik
Negative nal-erijaidat naŕnupé-erijaidat naŕpé-erijaidat naŕplé-erijaidat naŕfé-erijaidat naŕpéfé-erijaidat nal-erijaidaik
Passive Progressive
Affirmative -erijaidant nupé-erijaidant pé-erijaidant plé-erijaidant fé-erijaidant péfé-erijaidant -erijaidantaik
Negative nal-erijaidant naŕnupé-erijaidant naŕpé-erijaidant naŕplé-erijaidant naŕfé-erijaidant naŕpéfé-erijaidant nal-erijaidantaik
Passive Prospective
Affirmative -erijaidaijat nupé-erijaidaijat pé-erijaidaijat plé-erijaidaijat fé-erijaidaijat péfé-erijaidaijat -erijaidaijaik
Negative nal-erijaidaijat naŕnupé-erijaidaijat naŕpé-erijaidaijat naŕplé-erijaidaijat naŕfé-erijaidaijat naŕpéfé-erijaidaijat nal-erijaidaijaik
Passive Perfect
Affirmative -erijaidavat nupé-erijaidavat pé-erijaidavat plé-erijaidavat fé-erijaidavat péfé-erijaidavat -erijaidavaik
Negative nal-erijaidavat naŕnupé-erijaidavat naŕpé-erijaidavat naŕplé-erijaidavat naŕfé-erijaidavat naŕpéfé-erijaidavat nal-erijaidavaik
Morpheme family
None
Usage notes

Marks the verb of an embedded or external relative clause, such as in:

  • M'aimat l'edo benaigerijat sívelaines. (I'm fond of the boy who can paint well.)
  • Lapinla, pleraulmaderijat zanauragrotune, bremavat hugeli poliezíenuna. (The rabbit doe, who once lived on a carrot farm, has become a brave officer.)
  • Lumo moz'amitat duerṣerijat mośsiblieba. (He is my friend whom my sister loves.) (Literally, "...loved by my sister".)
  • Luma mozo siblat m'aubimausmerijat selbkuamu. (She is my sister, whom I am smaller than.)
  • Jefro moavāvat l'amitada selbo pléskríberijat vousères. (Jeff has met the friend he once wrote letters to.) (The dative case marks the object of the sentence's first half.)
  • L'aumbro mé pévéyerijat vüëiddíemwobzolu peraulmäuvvat. (The man whom I saw yesterday went home.)

This also serves as the appositive case, as demonstrated with L'ouremarde Chikagerijo (The city of Chicago); Jefroń, Aulmaderijo (Jeff, Who Lives at Home); Grênạida, ńansulerije Karibinadi (Grenada, which is an island in the Caribbean); and Luma kimeriji nend plũrimótrés pévat (She, [= identified as] the queen, and several others went.)

This was inspired by the examples in "TL", a Latin-based conlang by Redditor "cyprinus_carpio" (May 2018 thread).

See also -ieb (ergative case marker), naumten (named/called/known as), and suj (identified as; used to translate English "be" in lead sections of encyclopedia articles).

Added on: 2018-07-05, 17:56View semantic data
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erij