Relformaide Dictionary:Affixes/-ard

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-ard- (Derivational Suffix)B Category:Affixes (Core Base affix Category:Affixes) (Bound morpheme)
Meaning: million, a million of; augmentative marker
(Gloss: million / AUG)
Etymology: From French -ard, found in the short-scale terms milliard (1,000,000,000) and trilliard (1 × 1015).

Morpheme length: 3 (A D R)adr adr Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: VCC • IPA: /æɹd/æɹdSyllables: 1 (-ard)
Mutated forms (U1b)
Before next...
a ard b ärb ch ärn d ard
e ard f ärf g ärg h ard
i ard j ärj k ärk l ard
ärl
m ärm n ärn o ard p ärp
r ard s ärn t ärt u ard
v ärv w ard y ard z ärn
Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject -ard- -ard-s
-arduez-
-ard(üet/üer)-
Topic -ardeun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
-ardieb- -ardieb-s
-arduezieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
-arderij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
-ardad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
-ardad- -arduezad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
-ardúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar -ärtt-(s)
Formal -ardust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
-ardoz- -ardoz-s
-ardüetoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
-ardorz- -ardorz-s
-ardüetorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
-ärtten-
-ärnzol-
-ardueśten-
-arduezzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
-ardabuam- -arduezabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
-ardemek- -arduezemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
-ardútil- -arduezútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
-ardaurd- -arduezaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
-ardómist- -arduezómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
-ardaseb- -ardüetaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
-ardauvek- -arduezauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
-ardẽrgim- -arduezẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
-ardesil- -ardüetésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
-ardósot-
-ardäffim-
-ardüetósot-
-arduezäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
-ardaup- -arduezaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
-ardäuvv- -arduezäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
-ärpproxim- -ardueśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
-ardíak- -arduezíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
-ardault- -arduezault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
-ardauload- -arduezauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
-ärttranz- -ardueśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
-ardint- -arduezint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
-ardintaup- -arduezintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
-ärttug- -ardueśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
-ärttúgaup- -ardueśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
-ärttüvv- -ardueśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
-ardweg- -arduezweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
-ardúlem- -arduezúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
-ardoantem- -arduezoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
-ärpprev- -ardueśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
-ardáprev- -arduezáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
-ardond- -arduezond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
-arderiv- -arduezeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
-ärmmoin- -ardueśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
-ärnnend-
-ardausin-
-ardueśnend-
-ardüetausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
-ardaiv- -arduezaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
-ärnseul- -ardueśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
-ardaubog- -arduezaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
-ardopon- -arduezopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
-ardévit- -arduezévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
-ärppótal- -ardueśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
-arduslen- -ardüetúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
-ärmmólen- -ardueśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
-ardomil- -arduezomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
-ärnnand- -ardueśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
-ardiz- -ardüetiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
-ardesit- -ardüetésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
-ardoid- -arduezoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
-ardausik- -ardüetausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
-ardaibem- -arduezaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
-ärkkuam- -ardueśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
-ärpprin- -ardueśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this suffix. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Morpheme family
Usage notes

Denotes a multiple of 1,000,000 in numbers, and emphasizes size when used with regular nouns and proper names. Corresponds to free impersonal root aubaum.

Antonyms: -et/aubim (small).

Added on: 2016-12-27, 21:00View semantic data
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