Relformaide Dictionary:Affixes/-ail

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-ail- (Derivational Suffix)B Category:Affixes (Core Base affix Category:Affixes) (Bound morpheme)
Meaning: pertaining to (a place, thing, or person)
(Gloss: pertaining_to)
Etymology: From French -ail and English -(i)al.

Morpheme length: 3 (A I L)ail ail Category:Isogram morphemes Category:Abecedarian morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: VVC • IPA: /eɪl/eɪlSyllables: 1 (-ail)
Mutated forms (1d)

Before root with l as second or later letter: -aiŕ • Before all other morphemes: ail

Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject -ail- -ail-s
-ailouz-
-ail(öut/öur)-
Topic -aileun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
-ailieb- -ailieb-s
-ailouzieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
-ailerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
-ailad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
-ailad- -ailouzad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
-ailúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar -ailt-(s)
Formal -ailust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
-ailoz- -ailoz-s
-ailöutoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
-ailorz- -ailorz-s
-ailöutorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
-ailten-
-aiŕzol-
-ailouśten-
-ailouzzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
-ailabuam- -ailouzabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
-ailemek- -ailouzemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
-aiŕútil- -ailouzútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
-ailaurd- -ailouzaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
-ailómist- -ailouzómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
-ailaseb- -ailöutaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
-ailauvek- -ailouzauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
-ailẽrgim- -ailouzẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
-aiŕesil- -ailöutésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
-ailósot-
-ailäffim-
-ailöutósot-
-ailouzäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
-ailaup- -ailouzaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
-ailäuvv- -ailouzäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
-ailproxim- -ailouśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
-ailíak- -ailouzíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
-aiŕault- -ailouzault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
-aiŕauload- -ailouzauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
-ailtranz- -ailouśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
-ailint- -ailouzint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
-ailintaup- -ailouzintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
-ailtug- -ailouśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
-ailtúgaup- -ailouśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
-ailtüvv- -ailouśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
-ailweg- -ailouzweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
-aiŕúlem- -ailouzúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
-ailoantem- -ailouzoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
-ailprev- -ailouśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
-ailáprev- -ailouzáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
-ailond- -ailouzond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
-aileriv- -ailouzeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
-ailmoin- -ailouśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
-ailnend-
-ailausin-
-ailouśnend-
-ailöutausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
-ailaiv- -ailouzaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
-aiŕseul- -ailouśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
-ailaubog- -ailouzaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
-ailopon- -ailouzopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
-ailévit- -ailouzévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
-aiŕpótal- -ailouśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
-aiŕuslen- -ailöutúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
-aiŕmólen- -ailouśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
-aiŕomil- -ailouzomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
-ailnand- -ailouśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
-ailiz- -ailöutiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
-ailesit- -ailöutésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
-ailoid- -ailouzoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
-ailausik- -ailöutausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
-ailaibem- -ailouzaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
-ailkuam- -ailouśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
-ailprin- -ailouśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this suffix. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Morpheme family
Usage notes

Productive suffix, used to form adjectives related to places, people, and objects. Equivalent to English -(i)al, -ic(al), -(i)an, and -etic among others.

Demonyms and occupation words use -íen; agent words use -íer; and field-related terms are formed with -tánul. See also -if (characterised by).

Added on: 2016-11-24, 02:35View semantic data
B

ail