Relformaide Dictionary:Affixes/-íer

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-íer- (Derivational Suffix)B Category:Affixes (Core Base affix Category:Affixes) (Bound morpheme)
Meaning: something that does (an action or task)
(Gloss: AGT)
Etymology: After French -ier. (Cf. German -ieren.)

Morpheme length: 3 (E I R)eir eir Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: VVC • IPA: /iː.ɛɹ/iː, ɛɹSyllables: 2 (i, er)V, VC
Mutated forms (2j)

Before -e termison: ièr • Before ạr/er/ir/or/ur: íerṣ • Before all other morphemes: íer

Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject -íer- -íer-s
-íerouz-
-íer(öut/öur)-
Topic -íereun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
-íerieb- -íerieb-s
-íerouzieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
-íerṣerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
-íerad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
-íerad- -íerouzad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
-íerúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar -íert-(s)
Formal -íerust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
-íeroz- -íeroz-s
-íeröutoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
-íerorz- -íerorz-s
-íeröutorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
-íerten-
-íerzol-
-íerouśten-
-íerouzzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
-íerabuam- -íerouzabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
-íeremek- -íerouzemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
-íerútil- -íerouzútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
-íeraurd- -íerouzaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
-íerómist- -íerouzómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
-íeraseb- -íeröutaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
-íerauvek- -íerouzauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
-íerṣẽrgim- -íerouzẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
-íeresil- -íeröutésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
-íerósot-
-íeräffim-
-íeröutósot-
-íerouzäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
-íeraup- -íerouzaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
-íeräuvv- -íerouzäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
-íerproxim- -íerouśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
-íeríak- -íerouzíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
-íerault- -íerouzault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
-íerauload- -íerouzauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
-íertranz- -íerouśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
-íerint- -íerouzint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
-íerintaup- -íerouzintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
-íertug- -íerouśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
-íertúgaup- -íerouśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
-íertüvv- -íerouśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
-íerweg- -íerouzweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
-íerúlem- -íerouzúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
-íeroantem- -íerouzoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
-íerprev- -íerouśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
-íeráprev- -íerouzáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
-íerond- -íerouzond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
-íerṣeriv- -íerouzeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
-íermoin- -íerouśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
-íernend-
-íerausin-
-íerouśnend-
-íeröutausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
-íeraiv- -íerouzaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
-íerseul- -íerouśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
-íeraubog- -íerouzaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
-íeropon- -íerouzopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
-íerévit- -íerouzévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
-íerpótal- -íerouśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
-íeruslen- -íeröutúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
-íermólen- -íerouśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
-íeromil- -íerouzomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
-íernand- -íerouśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
-íeriz- -íeröutiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
-íeresit- -íeröutésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
-íeroid- -íerouzoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
-íerausik- -íeröutausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
-íeraibem- -íerouzaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
-íerkuam- -íerouśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
-íerprin- -íerouśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this suffix. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Morpheme family
  • hîdroläppoartíer (table)
Usage notes

Used to form nouns meaning "something that does..."; -íen is the personal equivalent.

Added on: 2016-11-15, 21:55View semantic data
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