Relformaide Dictionary:Affixes/-íen

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-íen- (Derivational Suffix)B Category:Affixes (Core Base affix Category:Affixes) (Bound morpheme)
Meaning: someone who (does [an action], comes from/lives in [a place], plays [a game or sport])
(Gloss: PRSNL.AGT, DYM)
Etymology: From French -ien(ne) (someone from).

Morpheme length: 3 (E I N)ein ein Category:Isogram morphemesMorpheme count: 1
Letter pattern: VVC • IPA: /iː.ɛn/iː, ɛnSyllables: 2 (i, en)V, VC
Mutated forms (2c)

Before -e termison: ièn • Before all other morphemes: íen

Declension stems
Case
(Tuisèle)
Singular Plural
Grammatical
Nominative Subject of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(NOM)
Absolutive Subject of intransitive verb/object of transitive verb in ERG-ABS languages
(ABS)
Accusative Object of sentence in NOM-ACC languages
(ACC)
Subject -íen- -íen-s
-íenouz-
-íen(öut/öur)-
Topic -íeneun-(s)
Ergative Subject of sentence in ERG-ABS languages; Done by... (in passive-voice statements)
(ERG)
-íenieb- -íenieb-s
-íenouzieb-
Appositive Subject of sentence describing a clause that follows it
(APP)
-íenerij-(s)
Dative Indirect object (To...)
(DAT)
-íenad-(s)
Locative In... (a place)/At...
(LOC)
-íenad- -íenouzad-
Partitive Part of.../Some...
(PART)
-íenúnet-(s)
Vocative O...!/You...!
(VOC)
Familiar -íent-(s)
Formal -íenust-(s)
Relational
Genitive Of.../...'s; indicates inalienable ownership
(GEN)
-íenoz- -íenoz-s
-íenöutoz-
Possessive Of.../...'s; indicates alienable ownership
(POSS)
-íenorz- -íenorz-s
-íenöutorz-
Proprietive With.../Having...; Owning...
(PROP)
-íenten-
-íenzol-
-íenouśten-
-íenouzzol-
Ornative Provided/furnished/equipped with...
(ORN)
-íenabuam- -íenouzabuam-
Associative
Instrumental/Vialis With (the help of).../Through.../Via.../By (means of)...
(INSTR/VIA)
-íenemek- -íenouzemek-
Utilitative Using...
(UTL)
-íenútil- -íenouzútil-
Utilitive For (the purpose of)...
(UTIL)
-íenaurd- -íenouzaurd-
Benefactive For (the sake of).../Dedicated to...
(BEN)
-íenómist- -íenouzómist-
Comitative With... (in accompaniment)
(COM)
-íenaseb- -íenöutaseb-
Conjunctive With... (as part of a group)
(CNJ)
-íenauvek- -íenouzauvek-
Causal Because of.../Thanks to...
(CSL)
-íenẽrgim- -íenouzẽrgim-
Spatial
Originative From...
(OGN)
-íenesil- -íenöutésil-
Terminative Until... (time)/Ending up at... (spatial)
(TERM)
-íenósot-
-íenäffim-
-íenöutósot-
-íenouzäffim-
Allative Towards...
(ALL)
-íenaup- -íenouzaup-
Lative Going towards.../Approaching...
(LAT)
-íenäuvv- -íenouzäuvv-
Apudessive Near.../Next to.../Close to.../By...
(APUD)
-íenproxim- -íenouśproxim-
Adessive On (the surface of)...
(ADE)
-íeníak- -íenouzíak-
Altessive Above...
(ALT)
-íenault- -íenouzault-
Superessive Atop.../On top of...
(SUPE)
-íenauload- -íenouzauload-
Perlative Through...
(PERL)
-íentranz- -íenouśtranz-
Inessive In... (an object)
(INE)
-íenint- -íenouzint-
Illative Into...
(ILL)
-íenintaup- -íenouzintaup-
Exessive Outside...
(EXE)
-íentug- -íenouśtúg-
Ablative Heading outside...
(ABL)
-íentúgaup- -íenouśtúgaup-
Elative Going away from.../Leaving...
(ELA)
-íentüvv- -íenouśtüvv-
Delative Off (the surface of)...
(DEL)
-íenweg- -íenouzweg-
Subessive Below...
(SUBE)
-íenúlem- -íenouzúlem-
Chronological
Immediate ...first of all
(IMD)
-íenoantem- -íenouzoantem-
Precursive Before.../Prior to...
(PCV)
-íenprev- -íenouśprev-
Postcursive After...
(POS)
-íenáprev- -íenouzáprev-
Qualitative
Abessive Without...
(ABE)
-íenond- -íenouzond-
Privative Removing.../Taking away...
(PRIV)
-íeneriv- -íenouzeriv-
Exceptive Except (for).../But...
(EXC)
-íenmoin- -íenouśmoin-
Inclusive And.../Plus.../As well.../Including...
(INCL)
-íennend-
-íenausin-
-íenouśnend-
-íenöutausin-
Distributive Per (each).../By the...
(DIST)
-íenaiv- -íenouzaiv-
Exclusive Exclusive to.../...-only
(EXCL)
-íenseul- -íenouśseul-
Quantitative
Propositive For.../In support of.../Pro-...
(PRO)
-íenaubog- -íenouzaubog-
Oppositional Against.../Anti-...
(OPP/ANTI)
-íenopon- -íenouzopon-
Aversive/Evitative Avoiding.../For fear of.../Lest...
(AVE/EVIT)
-íenévit- -íenouzévit-
Contrastive Instead of...
(CRS)
-íenpótal- -íenouśpótal-
Transpositive On behalf of.../Serving...
(TSP)
-íenuslen- -íenöutúslen-
Concessive Despite.../In spite of...
(CNC)
-íenmólen- -íenouśmólen-
Considerative According to...
(CSD)
-íenomil- -íenouzomil-
Essive As a(n)...
(ESS)
-íennand- -íenouśnand-
Translative Turning into.../Changing into...
(TRSL)
-íeniz- -íenöutiz-
Compositive Made of.../Made from...
(CPS)
-íenesit- -íenöutésit-
Semblative/Formal Like.../Resembling...
(SEMBL/FORM)
-íenoid- -íenouzoid-
Similative Acting like...
(SIMIL)
-íenausik- -íenöutausik-
Identical Equal to...
(IDT)
-íenaibem- -íenouzaibem-
Comparative/Equative ...than.../...as...
(CMPR/EQU)
-íenkuam- -íenouśkuam-
Referential About.../Concerning...
(REF)
-íenprin- -íenouśprin-
Note: Not all case endings may apply to this suffix. As such, some or most forms shown above may be hypothetical.
Morpheme family
Usage notes

Highly productive suffix, used to form nouns meaning "someone who does/plays..." as well as demonyms; equivalent to Finnish -lainen. See also -íer (something that does...).

Added on: 2016-11-15, 20:49View semantic data
B

ien